GRE Subject Test: Psychology : Memory Systems & Processes

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Psychology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Memory Systems & Processes

Sarah and Anton are having trouble remembering the name of a particular street. Sarah says that she thinks the street is named after a type of fruit. Then Anton suddenly remembers: "Peach Street." This is an example of which of the following psychological phenomena?

Possible Answers:

The "hint" effect

Recognition

Episodic memory

Cued recall

Correct answer:

Cued recall

Explanation:

In cued recall, a person's retrieval of information is facilitated by the use of cues. This concept can be used effectively when studying for an exam. It can aid in the encoding and recall of information. The more cues, then the easier it is to effectively recall information.

Example Question #2 : Memory Systems & Processes

Most people can remember exactly what they were doing when they observed an emotionally charged event such as the assassination of President Kennedy, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, or the demolition of the Berlin Wall. Which of the following best identifies this type of memory?

Possible Answers:

Echoic memory

Implicit memory

Engrams

Flashbulb memory

Explicit memory

Correct answer:

Flashbulb memory

Explanation:

"Flashbulb memories" are memories that are closely associated with events in a person's life that posses stronger emotional meanings such as emotionally charged events.

Example Question #3 : Memory Systems & Processes

Which of the following properly identifies the three different factors that can affect—positively or negatively—memories as they move from short term to long term?

Possible Answers:

Depth, opinion, and interference

Color, sound, and volume

Capacity, interest, and timing

Interest, interference, and depth

Interference, speed, and capacity 

Correct answer:

Interference, speed, and capacity 

Explanation:

Interference, speed, and capacity have all been found to specifically limit or enhance encoding, retrieval, and storage failures while memories are processed. Sterling found that only 9 units, +/- 2, can be retained in short term memory: capacity. Other researchers have similarly found that interference can interrupt appropriate encoding, leading to encoding failures, while too fast or too slow speeds can affect primacy and/or recency effects. 

Example Question #4 : Memory Systems & Processes

Most people can remember exactly what they were doing when they observed an emotionally charged event such as the assassination of President Kennedy, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, or the demolition of the Berlin Wall. Which of the following best identifies this type of memory?

Possible Answers:

Explicit memory

Flashbulb memory

Echoic memory

Engrams

Implicit memory

Correct answer:

Flashbulb memory

Explanation:

"Flashbulb memories" are memories that are closely associated with events in a person's life that posses stronger emotional meanings such as emotionally charged events.

All GRE Subject Test: Psychology Resources

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