Geography : Physical Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Geography

What is the largest mountain range in South America?

Possible Answers:

The Alps

The Andes

The Brazilian Highlands

Aconcagua

Correct answer:

The Andes

Explanation:

The Andes are the longest mountain range in South America. The Alps are in Europe. Aconcagua is a mountain within the Andes. The Brazilian Highlands are not a mountain range.

Example Question #1 : Geography

Which of the following bodies of water does NOT have a coastline in France?

Possible Answers:

The Mediterranean Sea

Atlantic Ocean

Caspian Sea

The English Channel

Correct answer:

Caspian Sea

Explanation:

All of the bodies of water listed have a coastline in France except for the Caspian Sea, which is located just north of Iran.

Example Question #1 : Geography

What is the Western Uplands?

Possible Answers:

A geographical region of Eastern Europe

A geographical region of Asia

A geographical region of North America

A geographical region of Western Europe

Correct answer:

A geographical region of Western Europe

Explanation:

The Western Uplands is geographical region of Western Europe, defined by a hard, huge tectonic rock mass. The region includes Scandinavia, Brittany (in France), Ireland, Scotland, Portugal, and Spain.

Example Question #1 : Europe

What is the Taiga?

Possible Answers:

A name for the polar region of North America

A forested area just below the Northern European Tundra

A name for the Northern European Tundra

None of these

Correct answer:

A forested area just below the Northern European Tundra

Explanation:

The Taiga is the forested area of Europe just below the Tundra. It is made up of coniferous forests and the species that generally are found in these areas (elk, moose, etc.).

Example Question #1 : Geography

What is the main justification for Oceania's designation as a continent?

Possible Answers:

Oceania is composed of a series of peninsulas, all connected to the central landmass of Australia

The islands making up Oceania are connected by submerged landmass

None of these; Oceania is not a continent

Oceania is composed of continental islands, meaning that all the islands were once a part of the same landmass before being separated by tectonic activity

Correct answer:

Oceania is composed of continental islands, meaning that all the islands were once a part of the same landmass before being separated by tectonic activity

Explanation:

All of these statements are nonsense, except the correct answer. All of the islands of Oceania were, at one very long-ago time, part of the same landmass.

Example Question #2 : Geography

Oceania is _________________.

Possible Answers:

the largest continent, in terms of total landmass

another name for Australia

the smallest continent, in terms of total land area

not a continent

Correct answer:

the smallest continent, in terms of total land area

Explanation:

Oceania is a continent made up of thousands of islands in the South Pacific. The largest landmass in Oceania is Australia, but there are literally thousands of other islands in the continent. All that being said, in terms of land area Oceania is the smallest continent; the dominant feature of the continent is the vast areas of the Pacific Ocean separating the islands.

Example Question #1 : Geography

Which of the following statements about the South Pole is true?

Possible Answers:

There are animals but not plants indigenous to the South Pole

There is limited fauna at the South Pole, but no trees

There are no plants indigenous to the South Pole

None of these

Correct answer:

There are no plants indigenous to the South Pole

Explanation:

Even if you did not know, specifically, the answer to this question, a general knowledge of the extremely harsh climate of the region would make the correct answer, simply that there are no plants indigenous to the South Pole, the best option.

Example Question #2 : Polar Regions

Which country's territory lies closest to the North Pole?

Possible Answers:

Canada

Australia

Russia

Iceland

Correct answer:

Canada

Explanation:

The Canadian Territory of Nunavut is the closest, nation-associated territory to the North Pole.

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