AP World History : Science and Technology 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Science And Technology 1750 To 1900

"When on board HMS Beagle, as naturalist, I was much struck with certain facts in the distribution of the inhabitants of South America, and in the geological relations of the present to the past inhabitants of that continent. These facts seemed to me to throw some light on the origin of species—that mystery of mysteries, as it has been called by one of our greatest philosophers."

This quotation comes from the work of what famous nineteenth-century scientist?

Possible Answers:

Marie Curie

Isaac Newton

Max Planck

Charles Darwin

Thomas Edison

Correct answer:

Charles Darwin

Explanation:

This quotation comes from Charles Darwin's 1859 work On the Origin of Species. Darwin used this work to publicize his Theory of Natural Selection. The theory argued that members of the same species would change over time as they adapted to survive in different natural environments. Darwin's ideas formed the basis of the modern Theory of Evolution. The presence of the HMS Beagle and the use of the phrase "the origin of species" in the quoted material should have been ample evidence with which to solve this question.

Example Question #345 : Ap World History

What was the historical significance of the Bessemer Process?

Possible Answers:

It made the discovery of oil patches much easier

It made the cotton gin obsolete

It was the first inexpensive process for the mass production of steel

It allowed for the mass production of synthetic rubber

It was the first process for transforming lead into gold

Correct answer:

It was the first inexpensive process for the mass production of steel

Explanation:

Steel production had existed in several civilizations prior to the nineteenth century, but before to the Bessemer Process it was impossible to produce steel in large numbers. Steel became one of the main resources that powered the Industrial Revolution after the Bessemer Process made its mass production feasible.

Example Question #341 : Ap World History

The 1906 HMS Dreadnought contained each of the following revolutionary innovations in naval technology except ________________.

Possible Answers:

Radar

Officers' quarters were located near the bow (or front) of the ship rather than near the stern (or rear)

Uniform Main Battery of Guns

Steam Turbine Propulsion system

Fire Control

Correct answer:

Radar

Explanation:

The HMS Dreadnought revolutionized naval technology when it was put into service for the British navy in 1906. Her advancements in technology essentially made all other battleships in the world obsolete after she was launched. The Dreadnought helped to set off a massive naval arms race between the British and the Germans, which was one of the main causes of World War I. One of the major technological advances that the Dreadnought did not possess, however, was radar, which would not appear until the Second World War. 

Example Question #347 : Ap World History

What new invention in aquatic travel greatly reduced the time spent at sea during the Industrial Revolution?

Possible Answers:

The modern compass

More efficient sails

Engine turbines

The Steamboat

Correct answer:

The Steamboat

Explanation:

The steamboat was a revolution in the sailing business. By incorporating a steam engine into the ship as the main form of propulsion it significantly increased the speed of ships and therefore greatly reduced the time ships had to spend traveling from place to place.

Example Question #22 : Science And Technology 1750 To 1900

Samuel Morse is notable for __________.

Possible Answers:

fighting for the Confederacy during the Civil War

being present at the Alamo

serving as Secretary of State during the Mexican-American War

writing the first American dictionary

inventing the telegraph

Correct answer:

inventing the telegraph

Explanation:

Samuel Morse is credited with inventing the single-wire telegraph service in the first half of the nineteenth century. The invention of the telegraph was instrumental to nineteenth century society. It allowed messages to be exchanged across vast distances near instantaneously for the first time in human history.

Example Question #341 : Cultural History

The spinning jenny dramatically increased the productivity of the __________ industry.

Possible Answers:

oil

cotton

steel

tobacco

sugar

Correct answer:

cotton

Explanation:

The spinning jenny was invented in England by James Hargreaves in the 1760s. It was one of the most important inventions of the early Industrial Revolution and it dramatically altered the textile industry. Specifically, it dramatically increased the productivity of the cotton industry (at the time cotton was emerging as the most important crop of the textile industry).

Example Question #23 : Science And Technology 1750 To 1900

In which major war were firearms with replaceable parts mass produced for the first time?

Possible Answers:

Russo-Japanese War

Napoleonic War

World War I

Crimean War

World War II

Correct answer:

Napoleonic War

Explanation:

Honore Blanc, the French inventor of replaceable parts for firearms, made his discovery in the waning years of the eighteenth century. Although it took some time for his ideas to be adopted, the first firearms with replaceable parts were being used in the Napoleonic Wars at the beginning of the nineteenth century.

Example Question #91 : Science And Technology

Who invented the steam engine?

Possible Answers:

Thomas Edison

Alexander Graham Bell

Robert Fulton

Cyrus McCormick

James Watt

Correct answer:

James Watt

Explanation:

The steam engine was invented by James Watt in the 1770s. The invention of the steam engine ushered in a new era of the Industrial Revolution. It is worth noting that Watt was merely improving on earlier designs by people like Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen.

Example Question #92 : Science And Technology

Hiram Maxim is notable for inventing __________.

Possible Answers:

chlorine gas

the machine gun

the biplane

the tank

the gas mask

Correct answer:

the machine gun

Explanation:

Hiram Maxim is notable for inventing the first fully automatic machine gun, called the Maxim Gun, in 1883. His weapon was used to devastating effect by the British, and other European imperial powers, to wipeout the assemble armies of native populations during the late imperialist land grab of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Example Question #93 : Science And Technology

The inventor and industrialist Henry Bessemer is associated with __________.

Possible Answers:

improving the accuracy, range, and rate of fire of machine guns

the invention of the steam engine

making the production of steel cheaper and more effective

the use of chemical warfare in European battles

the construction of the Manchester Ship Canal

Correct answer:

making the production of steel cheaper and more effective

Explanation:

Henry Bessemer was an English inventor who lived in the nineteenth century. He developed the Bessemer Process which allowed for steel to be made more effectively. His invention accelerated the growth of heavy industry during the Industrial Revolution.

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