AP World History : Science and Technology 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #101 : Science And Technology

Who invented the cotton gin?

Possible Answers:

Alexander Graham Bell

Thomas Edison

Alexander Pope

Robert Stephenson

Eli Whitney

Correct answer:

Eli Whitney

Explanation:

The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It allowed for the mechanization of the separation of cotton fibers from cotton seeds, which dramatically increased the productivity of America’s cotton plantations.

Example Question #351 : Ap World History

The process of making vulcanized rubber was invented by __________.

Possible Answers:

Thomas Edison

Henry Bessemer

Charles Goodyear

Robert Stephenson

Alexander Graham Bell

Correct answer:

Charles Goodyear

Explanation:

The vulcanization of rubber involves making rubber more durable through the addition of certain chemicals. It was invented by Charles Goodyear in the first half of the nineteenth century. It made rubber an extremely useful material and encouraged the growth of massive rubber plantations in parts of Africa and Brazil. 

Example Question #103 : Science And Technology

The Italian inventor Alessandro Volta is remembered for inventing __________.

Possible Answers:

the compass

the telegraph

the battery

the internet

the internal combustion engine

Correct answer:

the battery

Explanation:

Alessandro Volta was an Italian inventor who, in 1799, invented the world’s first battery.

Example Question #104 : Science And Technology

French inventor Honore Blanc is remembered for __________.

Possible Answers:

discovering penicillin

perfecting the process of vulcanizing rubber  

his rudimentary flying machine that demonstrated that flight was possible

inventing the mechanized plow

producing guns with replaceable parts

Correct answer:

producing guns with replaceable parts

Explanation:

The French inventor Honore Blanc is remembered for producing guns that made use of replaceable (or interchangeable) parts. The benefits of this invention were that it allowed guns to be produced much more efficiently.

Example Question #351 : Ap World History

James Watt's improvements on the steam engine had the greatest impact on which of the following eras of history?

Possible Answers:

the Age of Enlightenment

the Industrial Revolution

the Age of Discovery

the Age of Revolutions

the Protestant Reformation

Correct answer:

the Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

James Watt's steam engine made the creation of products much more efficient and feasible. It helped to lead to mass production in factories, one of the main features of the Industrial Revolution.

Example Question #106 : Science And Technology

What nation was the first to experience the Industrial Revolution?

Possible Answers:

France

United States

Britain

Germany

Correct answer:

Britain

Explanation:

Britain began experiencing the Industrial Revolution decades earlier than the rest of the world. This is due to the many advantages that Britain had over the rest of the world in terms of supplies of resources and technology. While Britain begins the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1700's, the rest of the world won't catch up until nearly 100 years later.

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