AP World History : Science and Technology 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #334 : Ap World History

The period of the Industrial Revolution was marked by a rapid population increase, which of the following is not a reason of this increase?

Possible Answers:

Better sanitation

Downturn in warfare

Greater food supply

Improved medicine

Correct answer:

Downturn in warfare

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution saw many major advancements that helped to improve the day-to-day lives of people the world over. These changes also helped to extend the average lifespan of people, thus making the population grow tremendously. There was, however, no downturn in the amount or scale of warfare during the period of the Industrial Revolution.

Example Question #335 : Ap World History

Nikola Tesla was a famous inventor of the late 1800's. Which of the following is his most famous invention?

Possible Answers:

The modern compass

Alternating current

The light bulb

Electricity

Correct answer:

Alternating current

Explanation:

Tesla was constantly at odds with his former mentor, Thomas Edison. It is fitting that his most famous invention would do the same. While Edison had pioneered DC, or direct current, as a form of electricity, Tesla championed the idea of AC, or alternating current. At the time Edison's system was by far the more popular and accepted, but today Tesla's AC current is the standard the world relies on.

Example Question #336 : Ap World History

The period of time in the late 1700's and 1800's marked by rapid economic change in the Western world is known as ____________.

Possible Answers:

The Enlightenment

Agricultural Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Scientific Revolution

Correct answer:

Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

While all major periods of change in and around this era, the Industrial Revolution is the one that left the most wide reaching mark on this time, and as such is synonymous with the period. The Industrial Revolution reached nearly all the people of the Western world at the time.

Example Question #337 : Ap World History

The Industrial Revolution invention that could spin several spools of thread at once was called what?

Possible Answers:

Cotton Gin

Loom

Spinning Jenny

Spinning Wheel

Correct answer:

Spinning Jenny

Explanation:

The spinning wheel was the precursor to the Spinning Jenny. The primary difference was that a spinning wheel could only spin one spool of thread at any given time, but the spinning jenny could spin several thread spools at once. This significantly accelerated the work process for textile factories.

Example Question #338 : Ap World History

Who is the man credited with creating the steam engine?

Possible Answers:

Glenn Curtiss

James Watt

Charles Babbage

Ridgway Banks

Correct answer:

James Watt

Explanation:

James Watt is known as the father of the steam engine. As such the steam engine became known as the Watt engine. His design created the first usable and practical steam engines. This design became commonly used in no small part due to the efforts of his business partner Matthew Boulton, who sold the engine as the way of the future.

Example Question #339 : Ap World History

Who built the world's first steam-powered railway locomotive?

Possible Answers:

Richard Trevithick

Roman Abt

Henry Burden

John Blenkinsop

Correct answer:

Richard Trevithick

Explanation:

Richard Trevithick created what was at the time the first ever steam powered locomotive. He was a miner and the son of a miner. He created the steam powered rail car so that it could be used pulling rock and coal up from mines easier and more safely.

Example Question #340 : Ap World History

What were working conditions like in Industrial Revolution era mills and factories?

Possible Answers:

Somewhat hazardous and dangerous

Not hazardous and dangerous

Extremely hazardous and dangerous

Very hazardous and dangerous

Correct answer:

Extremely hazardous and dangerous

Explanation:

If Dante had been alive to witness these factories and the conditions people worked in them, he may have used them for inspiration when writing his famed book "Inferno." The chemicals that people breathed in while working  hour days were borderline deadly. Add this to the extremely low pay and the high risk of being maimed by the machinery and these factories become terrible places to work.

Example Question #81 : Science And Technology

What new land based invention took the western world by storm during the Industrial Revolution?

Possible Answers:

Airplane 

Railroad

Automobiles

Trolley

Correct answer:

Railroad

Explanation:

The railroad began to be a ubiquitous sight in most developed nations in the 1800's. The railroad had become the main form of transportation over any great distance thanks to the invention of the steam engine and the ability to lay tracks for trains. While trolleys would be a common sight in cities, they came much later after the end of the Industrial Revolution. The same could be said for automobiles, which did not gain widespread use until well after the turn of the 20th Century.  

Example Question #82 : Science And Technology

Which of the following technological advancements was not one that helped Europe dominate Africa and Asia in the age of Imperialism?

Possible Answers:

The Telegraph

Electricity

The Maxim Gun

The Steamboat

Correct answer:

Electricity

Explanation:

Electricity was not a widespread tool at the time in the late 1800's when Europe started the scramble for Africa. This technology would only become widely used decades after the nations of Africa had already been claimed. The other technological advancements helped give Europeans specific advancements over others at the time.

Example Question #13 : Science And Technology 1750 To 1900

Which was not a reason that the industrial revolution began in Great Britain? 

Possible Answers:

Britain had large supplies of coal and iron for production.

Britain had a large labor force to work in factories.

The stable British Government encouraged economic growth.

Britain had a thriving middle class that had sufficient wealth to invest and purchase consumer goods.

The English language proved more efficient for business transactions than other European tongues.

Correct answer:

The English language proved more efficient for business transactions than other European tongues.

Explanation:

The political, social, and economic landscape of Great Britain in the 19th century created the perfect place for industrial revolution to begin. The language however, had nothing to do with the revolution taking hold. England's status as a united, and relatively isolated position in Europe gave it a great advantage in avoiding the political and economic troubles that slowed progress in many other nations.

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