AP World History : Philosophies and Ideologies 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #101 : Philosophies And Ideologies

Which of these statements about the Great Leap Forward is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

Agricultural production declined and China experienced widespread famine.

Industrial production improved significantly and China experienced massive economic growth.

Industrial production declined heavily and the Chinese economy suffered its worst depression in centuries.

Agricultural production improved significantly and China experienced a massive population boost.

Industrial production improved dramatically and China became the largest economy in the world.

Correct answer:

Agricultural production declined and China experienced widespread famine.

Explanation:

The Great Leap Forward was an economic policy of the Communist Party of China under the leadership of Mao Zedong. Although its primary goal was to increase industrial productivity, it ended up leading to a dramatic decline in agricultural production and one of the worst famines in human history.

Example Question #102 : Philosophies And Ideologies

The Red Guards were mobilized to __________ during __________.

Possible Answers:

defend against British and American influence, the nineteenth century

violently suppress opposition, the Chinese Civil War

maintain peace, student protests in twenty-first century China

violently suppress opposition, the Cultural Revolution

defend against Japanese invasion, World War Two

Correct answer:

violently suppress opposition, the Cultural Revolution

Explanation:

The Red Guards were mobilized by Mao Zedong during the Cultural Revolution to oppress anyone who opposed or disavowed Mao's ideology. The Red Guards were made up of Chinese youth who were directed towards the destruction of Chinese culture and traditions and the suppression of intellectuals and dissidents.

Example Question #103 : Philosophies And Ideologies

The Armenian Genocide was an indirect result of the rise of __________ in the Ottoman Empire.

Possible Answers:

fascism

capitalism

nationalism

imperialism

communism

Correct answer:

nationalism

Explanation:

The Armenian Genocide was an indirect result of the rise of nationalism in the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire had once been a multinational and prosperous empire which spanned southern Europe, North Africa, and much of the Middle East. Declining power and the growth of nationalism, however, led to the decline of the empire by World War One. The Armenian Genocide was carried out in conditions of heightened nationalism and tension between different ethnicities.

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