AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1450 to 1750

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #31 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

The Inca Empire __________.

Possible Answers:

grew very quickly before being dismantled even more quickly by the Spanish

was peacefully assimilated into the Spanish Empire in South America

grew over hundreds of years, but was dismantled in less than six months by the Spanish

grew over hundreds of years, but was dismantled in less than six months by the Portuguese

grew very quickly before being dismantled even more quickly by the Portuguese

Correct answer:

grew very quickly before being dismantled even more quickly by the Spanish

Explanation:

The Inca Empire grew rapidly in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. By the time the Spanish arrived in the early sixteenth century, the Inca had conquered a territory stretching more than three thousand miles in just a few generations. The Inca Empire was, however, dismantled by the Spanish even more quickly than it arose.

Example Question #32 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

Huayna Capac and Pachacuti were both __________.

Possible Answers:

Abbasid Caliphs

Inca Emperors

Tokugawa Shoguns

Mongol warlords

Aztec warlords

Correct answer:

Inca Emperors

Explanation:

Huayna Capac and Pachacuti are the two most famous rulers of the Inca Empire. Huayna Capac ruled for more than fifty years and was the last great emperor before the arrival of the Spanish. Pachacuti is known for taking the small Kingdom of Cusco and transforming it, through military conquest, into the Inca Empire.

Example Question #31 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

All of the following are characteristics of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th Century, except for ______________.

Possible Answers:

powerful landed nobility

arbitrary rule

agrarian

None of these

monarchy

Correct answer:

powerful landed nobility

Explanation:

The correct answer is "powerful landed nobility" because, having defeated the other tribal leaders, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire was able to rule arbitrarily as a single individual without being tempered by a landed nobility.

Example Question #33 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

Approximately how long did the Inca Empire last?

Possible Answers:

two hundred years

fifty years

one hundred years

one thousand years

five hundred years

Correct answer:

one hundred years

Explanation:

The Inca Empire was founded in 1438. The vast majority of Inca territory was conquered by the Spanish by 1533; therefore, the Inca Empire lasted for ninety-five years, a little less than a century.

Example Question #34 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

Which of the following territories/locales were NOT among those conquered by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent?

Possible Answers:

Hungary 

Yemen 

Algeria 

Vienna 

Belgrade 

Correct answer:

Vienna 

Explanation:

Suleiman the Magnificent, whose reign as Sultan lasted for over forty years, is today regarded as perhaps the single most successful ruler of the entire Ottoman Empire. Suleiman first came to the throne in 1520 and almost immediately, he embarked upon a vastly ambitious campaign to expand his nation’s territorial holdings. A brilliant strategist and a fierce warrior in his own right, Suleiman amassed a truly impressive military force, replete with highly-skilled soldiers and a substantially fortified navy. Throughout his long reign, Suleiman continually conquered, annexed, and/or attempted to conquer different sections of territory across Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. In most cases, he was quite successful – he captured much of Hungary, Belgrade, Rhodes, and large swathes of Northern Africa (including Algeria and Tunisia), among many others. His one notable defeat occurred in 1529, when he besieged the vital Austrian city of Vienna but failed to capture this crucial entryway into Eastern Europe. This defeat put an end to Suleiman’s European territorial gains.

Example Question #32 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

Which of these best describes the growth of the Delhi Sultanate from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century?

Possible Answers:

rapid expansion for three centuries until the whole territory was swiftly conquered by the Mughals

rapid expansion, followed by gradual disintegration

gradual expansion, followed by rapid disintegration

gradual expansion for three centuries until the whole territory was swiftly conquered by the Mughals

gradual expansion for three centuries until the whole territory was swiftly conquered by the British East India Company

Correct answer:

rapid expansion, followed by gradual disintegration

Explanation:

The Delhi Sultanate began in 1206 and, within a century, had expanded to dominate the vast majority of the Indian subcontinent. Over the next two centuries, however, the Sultanate would gradually lose territory — as city-states in the south revolted and declared their independence and as invaders from the north (like Timur) repeatedly invaded and weakened the power of the Sultans.

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