AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of Early Christian, Byzantine, and Early Medieval architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Architecture

Hagia Sofia Istanbul

In what part of the world is this building located?

Possible Answers:

Eastern Asia

The Middle East

North Africa

Western Europe

Correct answer:

The Middle East


This is the Hagia Sophia. It is located in Istanbul, on the Black Sea, in Turkey. There are hints of the location of the work in the style of the building. Consider the domed top, mixed with the towers on the corner. It is a unique blending of Greek and Islamic artistic influence.

Image adapted from http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/hledej.php?hleda=hagia+sophia+5.

Example Question #61 : Ancient Through Medieval Architecture

Fill in the blank.

File:Chartres - cathédrale - rosace nord.jpg

The given image contains a medium for decoration commonly found in churches. This is an example of a(n) __________________ work.

Possible Answers:




stained glass


Correct answer:

stained glass


This is an example of stained glass. The test taker can identify this as the glass decorations are colored to produce depictions of Religious figures and designs.

An apse is a recess in a church where the altar often is; an oculus is not related to glass work, but related to church construction.

Tapestries and mosaics are of different mediums than glass: cloth and tile, respectively.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chartres_-_cath%C3%A9drale_-_rosace_nord.jpg

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