Algebra II : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Algebra II

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Give the solution set of the inequality:

Possible Answers:

The inequality has no solution

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Rewrite in standard form and factor:

The zeroes of the polynomial are therefore , so we test one value in each of three intervals , and  to determine which ones are included in the solution set.

 

:

Test :

 

False;  is not in the solution set.

 

:

Test 

True;  is in the solution set

 

:

Test :

False;  is not in the solution set.

 

Since the inequality symbol is , the boundary points are not included. The solution set is the interval .

Example Question #2 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Give the set of solutions for this inequality:

Possible Answers:

This inequality has no solution.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The first step of questions like this is to get the quadratic in its standard form. So we move the  over to the left side of the inequality:

 

This quadratic can easily be factored as. So now we can write this in the form

and look at each of the factors individually. Recall that a negative number times a negative is a positive number. Therefore the boundaries of our solution interval is going to be when both of these factors are negative.  is negative whenever , and is negative whenever . Since , one of our boundaries will be . Remember that this will be an open interval since it is less than, not less than or equal to.

Our other boundary will be the other point when the product of the factors becomes positive. Remember that is positive when , so our other boundary is . So the solution interval we arrive at is 

 

Example Question #3 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Solve for

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

When asked to solve for x we need to isolate x on one side of the equation.

To do this our first step is to subtract 7 from both sides.

From here, we divide by 4 to solve for x.

Example Question #4 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Solve for

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

When asked to solve for y we need to isolate the variable on one side and the constants on the other side.

To do this we first add 9 to both sides.

From here, we divide by -12 to solve for y.

Example Question #5 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

The graphs for the lines  and  are shown in the figure. The region  is defined by which two inequalities?

2parabs

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The region  contains only  values which are greater than or equal to those on the line , so its  values are .

 

Also, the region contains only  values which are less than or equal to those on the line , so its  values are .

Example Question #6 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

The graphs of the lines  and  are shown on the figure. The region  is defined by which two inequalities?

Xsquaredand2xplus2_gim

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The region  contains only  values which are greater than or equal to those on the line , so its  values are .

Similarly, the region contains only  values which are less than or equal to those on the line , so its  values are .

Example Question #7 : Graphing Parabolic Inequalities

Which of the following graphs correctly represents the quadratic inequality below (solutions to the inequalities are shaded in blue)?

Possible Answers:

Correct

Incorrect1

Incorrect3

Incorrect2

Incorrect4

Correct answer:

Correct

Explanation:

To begin, we analyze the equation given: the base equation,  is shifted left one unit and vertically stretched by a factor of 2. The graph of the equation  is:

Graph of equation

To solve the inequality, we need to take a test point and plug it in to see if it matches the inequality. The only points that cannot be used are those directly on our parabola, so let's use the origin . If plugging this point in makes the inequality true, then we shade the area containing that point (in this case, outside the parabola); if it makes the inequality untrue, then the opposite side is shaded (in this case, the inside of the parabola). Plugging the numbers in shows:

Simplified as:

Which is not true, so the area inside of the parabola should be shaded, resulting in the following graph:

Correct

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