SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #281 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Deter is to encourage as __________.

Possible Answers:

cease is to start

condone is to allow

offend is to apologize

detriment is to damage

likely is to probable

Correct answer:

cease is to start

Explanation:

"Deter" is a verb meaning discourage or prevent. Since "deter" is an antonym of "encourage," we need to pick out an answer choice which includes two words that have opposite meanings. While "condone is to approve" might look like a good answer choice, "condone" actually means accept and support. Since "condone" and "allow" are synonyms, "condone is to allow" cannot be the correct answer. The answer choice "cease is to start," however, includes a pair of antonyms: "cease" is a verb meaning end, making it an antonym of "start." Because "cease" and "start" are antonyms just like "deter" and "encourage" are antonyms, "cease is to start" is the correct answer.

Example Question #282 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Pragmatic is to idealistic as __________.

Possible Answers:

lacking is to insufficient

dolorous is to ecstatic

likely is to probable

serene is to calm

symptom is to disease

Correct answer:

dolorous is to ecstatic

Explanation:

“Pragmatic” is an adjective that means sensible and prudent while “idealistic” is an adjective that means unrealistic in one's goals. So, “pragmatic” and “idealistic” are antonyms, and we need to pick out an answer choice that also consists of a pair of antonyms. While “dolorous is to ecstatic” and “serene is to calm” might both look like a potentially correct answer, “serene” is an adjective that means peaceful, making it a synonym, not an antonym, of “calm.” So, “serene is to calm” cannot be the correct answer. “Dolorous,” however, is an adjective that means sorrowful, while “ecstatic” is an adjective that can mean extremely happy. Because “dolorous” is an antonym of “ecstatic” just as “pragmatic” is an antonym of “idealistic,” “dolorous is to ecstatic” is the correct answer.

Example Question #283 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Preceding is to following as __________.

Possible Answers:

final is to initial

concluding is to expository

introductory is to subsequent

last is to first

interim is to interlude

Correct answer:

introductory is to subsequent

Explanation:

“Preceding,” when used as a adjective, means coming before or going ahead of. (One can infer this from the presence of the prefix “pre-“, which means before, in “preceding.”) “Following,” however, when used as an adjective, means coming after. So, “preceding” and “following” are antonyms, and we need to pick out an answer choice which consists of two words that represent a similar relationship—being not only antonyms, but if possible, having the first word be associated with “before” and the second with “after.” While all of the answer choices have to do with “before” and “after,” we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is associated with “before.” So, considering “introductory,” “final,” “last,” “interim,” and “concluding,” only “introductory” (acting as an introduction to something) is associated with “before” or coming before other things. “Subsequent,” the second word in the “introductory is to subsequent” answer choice, is an adjective that means coming after. So, because “introductory” is associated with coming before and “subsequent” with coming after, just as “preceding” is associated with coming before and “following” is associated with coming after, “introductory is to subsequent” is the correct answer.

Example Question #401 : Ssat Upper Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Premeditated is to spontaneous as parsimonious is to __________.

Possible Answers:

worried

relaxed

generous

powerful

stingy

Correct answer:

generous

Explanation:

"Premeditated" is an adjective that means planned beforehand and is often used in reference to crimes. "Spontaneous" is an adjective that means impulsive, done without being thought-out beforehand. "Premeditated" and "spontaneous" are antonyms, so we need to pick out an answer choice that is an antonym of "parsimonious," an adjective that means frugal and stingy. While "stingy" is an answer choice, it is a synonym of "parsimonious," so it cannot be the correct answer. "Generous," however, is an antonym of "parsimonious," just like "premeditated" is an antonym of "spontaneous," so "generous" is the correct answer.

Example Question #281 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Ebullient is to miserable as forgiving is to __________.

Possible Answers:

merciful 

vengeful 

taciturn 

grateful

demanding 

Correct answer:

vengeful 

Explanation:

"Ebullient" is an adjective that means full of excitement and enthusiasm. This is an antonym of "miserable," so to solve this analogy you need to determine which answer choice is an antonym of "forgiving." The best answer is "vengeful," which means desiring revenge. For clarification, "taciturn" means silent or uncommunicative, and "merciful" means showing mercy.

Example Question #286 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Laud is to condemn as disparage is to __________.

Possible Answers:

criticize

explain 

review 

reward

praise 

Correct answer:

praise 

Explanation:

To "laud" something means to praise it. To "condemn" something means to criticize it or declare it to be incorrect. These two meanings are opposites, so to solve this analogy, look for the antonym of "disparage." "Disparage" means criticize or express disdain or disgust. The best available antonym for criticize is "praise."

Example Question #287 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Raze is to raise as level is to __________.

Possible Answers:

evil

build

slant

veal

destroy

Correct answer:

build

Explanation:

This is a word game analogy. "Raze" and "raise" are homonyms, but they mean opposite things. To "raze" a structure is to destroy it, or to level it to the ground, but to "raise" a barn is to build it.

Example Question #288 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Accept is to spurn as hamper is to __________.

Possible Answers:

dissuade

prevent

storage

garbage

aid

Correct answer:

aid

Explanation:

To "spurn" someone is to reject that person completely. For instance, one could say, “Herbert spurned any contact with his poor relatives, for he thought them wholly worthless and unintelligent, unworthy of any time.” This is quite the opposite of “accept” and is thus an antonym to the latter. Thus, we are looking for an antonym of “hamper.” Now, you might use the word “hamper” in discussing a type of basket for storing dirty clothes; however, there is no such option among the words provided. (Even the case of “garbage” is not useful, as it is definitely not an antonym). The word “hamper” can also mean to obstruct or make difficult, as when one says, “Thomas decided to hamper the progress of the group by tying their legs together while they sleep. He did not want them to progress on the trip.” The best option among those given is thus “aid,” which is quite the opposite from obstructing or making difficult.

Example Question #289 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Unintelligible is to comprehensible as jocund is to __________.

Possible Answers:

humorless

laughable

ridiculous

angry

trivial

Correct answer:

humorless

Explanation:

When something is "comprehensible," it is understandable. You likely use the word “comprehend,” which is a related form of the same root. When someone “comprehends” something, he or she “grasps” it completely. The word “apprehend” can mean to understand, though it usually means to grasp a hold of in the physical sense. They come from the same general root. We can say that “unintelligible” and “comprehensive” are antonyms, so we must look for an antonym for “jocund.” The word generally means cheerful. Among the options, do not be fooled by “angry.” A jocund person is probably not angry, but more appropriately are they said to be without humor or humorless. This is the better answer.

Example Question #411 : Ssat Upper Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Ascetic is to hedonistic as antiquated is to __________.

Possible Answers:

innovative 

archaeologist

discovery 

ancient 

unseemly

Correct answer:

innovative 

Explanation:

"Ascetic" is an adjective used to describe someone’s behavior and lifestyle that denies personal luxury and enforces rigid self-discipline. This is the opposite type of behavior as might exhibited by a hedonist. A "hedonistic" lifestyle is one directed towards the pursuit of pleasure. To solve this analogy, then, you need to find the word that is most opposite in meaning to "antiquated." "Antiquated" means ancient or old-fashioned, making it an antonym of "innovative." "Innovative" means new or creative.

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