# SAT Math : Squaring / Square Roots / Radicals

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #571 : Algebra

Simplify:

Explanation:

If you don't already have the pattern memorized, use FOIL. It's best to write out the parentheses twice (as below) to avoid mistakes:

### Example Question #1 : Squaring / Square Roots / Radicals

Explanation:

We can break the square root down into 2 roots of 67 and 49. 49 is a perfect square and reduces to 7.

### Example Question #2 : How To Find The Square Of A Sum

Simplify:

Explanation:

If you don't already have the pattern memorized, use FOIL. It's best to write out the parentheses twice (as below) to avoid mistakes:

### Example Question #1 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

x2 = 36

Quantity A: x

Quantity B: 6

The two quantities are equal

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

Quantity B is greater

Quantity A is greater

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

Explanation:

x2 = 36 -> it is important to remember that this leads to two answers.

x = 6 or x = -6.

If x = 6: A = B.

If x = -6: A < B.

Thus the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

### Example Question #2 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

According to Heron's Formula, the area of a triangle with side lengths of a, b, and c is given by the following:

where s is one-half of the triangle's perimeter.

What is the area of a triangle with side lengths of 6, 10, and 12 units?

4√14

12√5

14√2

8√14

48√77

8√14

Explanation:

We can use Heron's formula to find the area of the triangle. We can let a = 6, b = 10, and c = 12.

In order to find s, we need to find one half of the perimeter. The perimeter is the sum of the lengths of the sides of the triangle.

Perimeter = a + b + c = 6 + 10 + 12 = 28

In order to find s, we must multiply the perimeter by one-half, which would give us (1/2)(28), or 14.

Now that we have a, b, c, and s, we can calculate the area using Heron's formula.

### Example Question #1 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

Explanation:

Look for perfect cubes within each term. This will allow us to factor out of the radical.

Simplify.

### Example Question #4 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

Simplify the expression.

Explanation:

Use the distributive property for radicals.

Multiply all terms by .

Look for perfect square factors under each radical.  has a perfect square of . The can be factored out.

### Example Question #4 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

Which of the following expression is equal to

Explanation:

When simplifying a square root, consider the factors of each of its component parts:

Combine like terms:

Remove the common factor, :

Pull the  outside of the equation as :

### Example Question #5 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

Which of the following is equal to the following expression?

Explanation:

First, break down the components of the square root:

Combine like terms. Remember, when multiplying exponents, add them together:

Factor out the common factor of :

Factor the :

Combine the factored  with the :

Now, you can pull  out from underneath the square root sign as :

### Example Question #6 : How To Factor A Common Factor Out Of Squares

Which of the following expressions is equal to the following expression?