SAT II US History : U.S. Social History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #51 : U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

Which of these was not one of the “Five Civilized Tribes”?

Possible Answers:

Seminole 

Choctaw

Creek 

Cherokee

Lakota

Correct answer:

Lakota

Explanation:

The “Five Civilized Tribes” were the Cherokee, Seminole, Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw. They were so-called by European settlers and the citizens of the early American republic because they were willing to adopt European customs and maintained generally peaceful relations with the settlers. The Lakota tribe resided in what is now modern day North and South Dakota and throughout the nineteenth century fought occasional conflicts with the United States Army. 

Example Question #52 : U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The “Trail of Tears” occurred during the Presidency of __________.

Possible Answers:

Andrew Jackson

George Washington 

John Quincy Adams

John Tyler 

James Madison 

Correct answer:

Andrew Jackson

Explanation:

The Trail of Tears is the name usually given to the forced relocation of several Native American populations from the Southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma. It followed the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson. Many Native Americans suffered from disease and starvation during the trail, hence the name “Trail of Tears.”

Example Question #53 : U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

According to Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth,                  .

Possible Answers:

success and wealth are predetermined by God

hard work and perseverance are necessary for the individual to succeed

the Industrial Revolution was deeply harmful to society

the wealthy have a duty to redistribute excess money to the poor 

women should be given full equality in the work place

Correct answer:

the wealthy have a duty to redistribute excess money to the poor 

Explanation:

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish immigrant who arrived in America in 1848 and built one of the largest companies of the nineteenth century. He sold the Carnegie Steel Company to J.P. Morgan at the turn of the century and retired to a life of philanthropy. In his article Gospel of Wealth, Carnegie argues that it is the duty of the newly-made wealthy industrial class to redistribute their riches back to the poor. Carnegie focused his energy on educational institutions—particularly schools, libraries, research centers, and universities. 

Example Question #54 : U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The term "Bleeding Kansas" generally refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

guerilla raids into Kansas during the later years of the Civil War.

the forced resettlement of Native American tribes to Kansas.

the conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas in the 1850s.

the difficult portion of the Oregon Trail through present day Kansas.

the outlaw culture that developed on the frontier in the aftermath of the Civil War.

Correct answer:

the conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas in the 1850s.

Explanation:

In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act became law and decreed that the residents of the Kansas and Nebraska Territories could vote whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. In the immediate aftermath of the bill, large groups of both pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers moved to the Kansas Territory. For the next 6 years, Kansas saw a variety of violent conflicts and political maneuvers over the issue. Eventually, Kansas entered the Union as a free state in January of 1861, three months before the Civil War started at Fort Sumter.

Example Question #55 : U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

The population growth of the United States from 1790 to 1820 was almost entirely the result of what?

Possible Answers:

Immigration from East Asia

Immigration from Eastern Europe

Internal population growth

The addition of new territories

Immigration from Southern Europe

Correct answer:

Internal population growth

Explanation:

The doubling of the U.S. population from 1790 to 1820 was primarily the result of reproduction. It was not until after the early 1820s that immigration numbers began to dramatically increase.

Example Question #11 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

What were the two countries that contributed the most immigrants to the United States in the 19th century?

Possible Answers:

England and France

Germany and Ireland

Russia and Italy

Ireland and China

Scotland and Mexico

Correct answer:

Germany and Ireland

Explanation:

During the 19th century, the Germans and the Irish were the largest immigrant populations in the United States. The Irish Potato Famine during the 1840s led to an increase in the already high Irish immigration numbers, and the 1848 revolutions in Germany led to an even greater increase in the already higher German immigration numbers. From 1840-1880 Germany supplied the greatest number of immigrants to the United States.

Example Question #12 : Summary Of U.S. Social History From 1790 To 1898

Which of the following was not a social reform movement of the antebellum period?

Possible Answers:

All of these were antebellum reform movements

Temperance movement

Women's rights movement

Sabbatarianism

Abolitionism

Correct answer:

All of these were antebellum reform movements

Explanation:

All four of these were social reform movements that began in the period before the American Civil War. Other reforms during the antebellum period include prison reforms, mental hospital reforms, education reforms, Protestant revivalism, and more.

Example Question #1 : U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

“How you gonna keep them down on the farm after they have seen Paris?”

The above quote likely refers to                .

Possible Answers:

the decline of American agriculture due to foreign competition.

the desire to re-segregate the South.

the growth in atheism and agnosticism.

the difficulty for American men trying to reintegrate into society after World War I.

the social upheaval that followed the women’s liberation movement.

Correct answer:

the difficulty for American men trying to reintegrate into society after World War I.

Explanation:

The quote refers to the difficulty of American men to reintegrate into society following World War I. The majority of Americans in that era had never been more than a few hundred miles from their homes, let alone across continents. In addition, many men suffered from extreme trauma from the events they witnessed and participated in. A lot of jobs had been taken up by women, in the absence of male workers, and post-war society faced the problem of how to resolve this disparity.

Example Question #2 : U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

The massive increase in underground crime syndicates during the 1920s is largely attributable to which Constitutional amendment?

Possible Answers:

The Nineteenth Amendment's guarantee of women's suffrage

The Sixteenth Amendment's imposition of a federal income tax

None of the other answers

The Eighteenth Amendment's prohibition of alcohol possession and sales

The Seventeenth Amendment's guarantee of direct election of senators

Correct answer:

The Eighteenth Amendment's prohibition of alcohol possession and sales

Explanation:

The Eighteenth Amendment was the culmination of a decades long temperance movement that sought to end all alcohol sales, distribution, and consumption in America.  Initially celebrated as a progressive victory, the legal enforcement of prohibition proved a nightmare, and legions of criminal gangs began to control the illegal alcohol sales.  The Eighteenth Amendment was repealed by the Twenty First Amendment in 1933.

Example Question #3 : U.S. Social History From 1899 To The Present

Which court case struck down the doctrine of "separate but equal" in the field of public education?

Possible Answers:

 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Marbury v. Madison

Loving v. Virginia

Plessy v. Ferguson

Correct answer:

 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Explanation:

In Brown, Chief Justice Earl Warren expressed that in the arena of public education, "separate but equal" is inherently unequal, unfair, and unconstitutional. Plessy v. Ferguson is a prior case that upheld the "separate but equal" doctrine.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors