# GRE Subject Test: Math : Limits

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : Evaluating Limits

Evaluate:

Undefined/No Limit

Explanation:

Step 1: See if we can plug in  into the equation..

We can't because the denominator becomes ..

Step 2: Factor the denominator:

(By the Difference of Perfect Squares Formula)

Step 3: Re-write the function:

Step 4: Divide by  on both the numerator and denominator because it's common:

We are left with:

Step 5: Plug in :

The limit of this function as x approaches 2 is .

### Example Question #1 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

The limit does not exist.

Explanation:

Let's examine the limit

first.

and

,

so by L'Hospital's Rule,

Since ,

Now, for each ; therefore,

By the Squeeze Theorem,

and

### Example Question #1 : L'hospital's Rule

Evaluate:

The limit does not exist.

Explanation:

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

Similarly,

So

But  for any , so

### Example Question #1 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate:

The limit does not exist.

Explanation:

and

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

Similarly,

so

### Example Question #1 : Limits

Evaluate:

Explanation:

and

Therefore, by L'Hospital's Rule, we can find  by taking the derivatives of the expressions in both the numerator and the denominator:

### Example Question #82 : Calculus

Solve:

Explanation:

Substitution is invalid.  In order to solve , rewrite this as an equation.

Take the natural log of both sides to bring down the exponent.

Since  is in indeterminate form, , use the L'Hopital Rule.

L'Hopital Rule is as follows:

This indicates that the right hand side of the equation is zero.

Use the term  to eliminate the natural log.

### Example Question #1 : Limits

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Undefined

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get

This still cannot be evaluated properly, so we will take the derivative of both the top and bottom individually again. This time we get

.

Now we have only one x, so we can evaluate when x is infinity. Plug in infinity for x and we get

and

So we can simplify the function by remembering that any number divided by infinity gives you zero.

### Example Question #81 : Gre Subject Test: Math

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Undefined

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get

Since the first set of derivatives eliminates an x term, we can plug in zero for the x term that remains. We do this because the limit approaches zero.

This gives us

.

### Example Question #1 : Euler's Method And L'hopital's Rule

Evaluate the limit using L'Hopital's Rule.

Undefined

Explanation:

L'Hopital's Rule is used to evaluate complicated limits. The rule has you take the derivative of both the numerator and denominator individually to simplify the function. In the given function we take the derivatives the first time and get

This still cannot be evaluated properly, so we will take the derivative of both the top and bottom individually again. This time we get

.

Now we have only one x, so we can evaluate when x is infinity. Plug in infinity for x and we get

### Example Question #86 : Calculus

Calculate the following limit.

Explanation:

To calculate the limit, often times we can just plug in the limit value into the expression. However, in this case if we were to do that we get , which is undefined.

What we can do to fix this is use L'Hopital's rule, which says

.

So, L'Hopital's rule allows us to take the derivative of both the top and the bottom and still obtain the same limit.

.

Plug in  to get an answer of .

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