Calculus 1 : How to find prediction models

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Calculus 1

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Prediction Models

Suppose you are a banker and set up a very unique function for your interest rate over time given by

 

 

However, you find your computer incapable of calculating the interest rate at . Estimate the value of the interest rate at  by using a linear approximation, using the slope of the function at .

Possible Answers:

Undefined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To do a linear approximation, we're going to create a function

, that approximates our situation. In our case, m will be the slope of the function  at , while b will be the value of the function  at . The z will be distance from our starting position  to our end position , which is

Firstly, we need to find the derivative of  with respect to x to determine slope.

By the power rule: 

The slope at  will therefore be 0 since .

Since this is the case, the approximate value of our interest rate will be identical to the value of the original function at x=2, which is 

1 is our final answer. 

Example Question #2 : Prediction Models

Approximate the value at  of the function ,with a linear approximation using the slope of the function at

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To do this, we must determine the slope of the function at , which we will call , and the initial value of the function at , which we will call , and since  is only  away from , our linear approximation will look like:

 

To determine slope, we take the derivative of the function with respect to x and find its value at , which in our case is:

At , our value for  is 

To determine , we need to determine the value of the original equation at 

At , our value for b is  

Since 

Example Question #1 : Prediction Models

Determine the tangent line to  at  , and use the tangent line to approximate the value at .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First recall that

To find the tangent line of  at , we first determine the slope of . To do so, we must find its derivative. 

Recall that derivatives of exponential functions involving  are given as:

, where  is a constant and  is any function of 

In our case, ,. 

At ,

 , where  is the slope of the tangent line.

To use point-slope form, we need to know the value of the original function at 

Therefore,

At 

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