AP World History : Literature, Art, and Architecture 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Qin Shi Huangdi ordered the construction of ________________.

I. The Great Wall of China

II. The Grand Canal

III. The Terracotta Army

IV. The Forbidden City

 

Possible Answers:

II, III, and IV

I, II, and IV

I and III

II and IV

I and IV

Correct answer:

I and III

Explanation:

Qin Shi Huangdi, who ruled as the only emperor during the short-lived but immensely important Qin Dynasty, ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Army. The Great Wall of China was built to prevent barbarian invasions into Chinese territory. The Terracotta Army was built for the slightly less practical purpose of furnishing the emperor with an army for the afterlife. The Grand Canal was built during the rule of the Sui Dynasty to connect northern and southern China. The Forbidden City was built during the rule of the Ming Dynasty and served as the seat of the imperial government until the Chinese revolution in the early twentieth century.

Example Question #12 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Who is the only playwright of 'Old Comedy' of Ancient Athens that survived to this day?

Possible Answers:

Seneca

Euripides

Sophocles

Aeschylus

Aristophanes

Correct answer:

Aristophanes

Explanation:

Aristophanes' 11 surviving comedies are the only example of Old Comedy style of Ancient Athenian theatre that we have. Aeschylus, Euripides and Sophocles were playwrights who wrote during the same era, but only their tragic dramas survive. This period of 5th century BC Greek life is known as the Golden Era of Athens. Seneca was a Stoic statements and writer in 1st century AD Rome.


Example Question #13 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

What great historian recorded the decades long civil war between Athens and Sparta?

Possible Answers:

Aristophanes

Cicero

Thucydides

Xenophon

Herodotus

Correct answer:

Thucydides

Explanation:

The Athenian historian Thucydides and his History of the Peloponnesian War tells the bitter civil war and decline of the Golden Age of Athens. Thucydides starts chronologically where Herodotus's Histories leaves off. Xenophon's Hellenica in turn picks up the historical narrative where Thucydides ends. The Athenian Aristophanes wrote comedy plays around the same era. Cicero was a Roman philosopher and statesmen who lived in the 1st century BC.

Example Question #14 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Chinese city of Chang’an was notable for its __________.

Possible Answers:

all of these answers are correct

extensive grid system

lack of access to running water

development of the world’s first sewage system

development of the world’s first public transportation system

Correct answer:

extensive grid system

Explanation:

The Chinese city of Chang’an was the capital of Qin and Han China. It notably featured urban planning and had an efficient grid system.

Example Question #15 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The ancient Greek, Aeschylus is most famous as __________.

Possible Answers:

a chemist

a philosopher

a mathematician

an astronomer

a dramatist

Correct answer:

a dramatist

Explanation:

The ancient Greek playwright Aeschylus is most famous for his works of drama. Most notable he wrote the Oresteia trilogy.

Example Question #16 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Who is considered the "The Father of History"?

Possible Answers:

Herodotus

Homer

Cicero

Xenophon

Thucydides

Correct answer:

Herodotus

Explanation:

The Greek Herodotus and his book The Histories is consider the first historian and one of the earliest works of surviving Greek prose. He was the first to truly investigate the past by gathering various sources. The epic poems of Homer were composed and passed down orally before the advent of the Greek alphabet in the 8th century BCE. Herodotus gives us an intimate portrait of the known world in the 5th century BCE.

Example Question #17 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which of these is most closely associated with Mayan civilization?

Possible Answers:

Pyramids

Ziggurats

Quipus

Terrace farms

Qanats

Correct answer:

Pyramids

Explanation:

Pyramids are closely associated with Mayan civilization. Monuments like Chichen Itza, in modern-day Mexico, serve to highlight the architectural accomplishment of the Mayans and their famous stone, stepped pyramids.

Example Question #18 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Who wrote The City of God?

Possible Answers:

Jerome

Augustine

Peter

Judas Iscariot

Constantine

Correct answer:

Augustine

Explanation:

The City of God was written by Augustine of Hippo in the fifth century CE. Ostensibly it was written in defense of Christianity (which many claimed had caused the downfall of the Roman Empire), but in practical terms it is one of the most influential works of Christian theology in history. It explores theological issues like the origin of original sin, the battle between good and evil, and the role of free will in a Christian society.

Example Question #19 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Great Library was built in __________.

Possible Answers:

Susa

Athens

Rome

Alexandria

Persepolis

Correct answer:

Alexandria

Explanation:

The Great Library of Alexandria was built in Egypt during the reign of the Ptolemaic dynasty (circa 300 BCE) For a few centuries it was a renowned center of learning and innovation in the classical world.

Example Question #20 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The writings of this ancient Greek provided much of the foundation for European scientific understanding throughout the Middle Ages.

Possible Answers:

Herodotus

Socrates

Aristotle

Diophantus

Plato

Correct answer:

Aristotle

Explanation:

The writings of Aristotle provided much of the foundation for European scientific understanding throughout the Middle Ages. Medieval scientists were so impressed by Aristotle that they were reluctant to overturn any of his findings, even when the evidence suggested he was wrong. An example of this hidebound thinking is the spider. Aristotle, apparently, wrote that spiders have six legs. This was accepted as scientific fact, even though spiders inarguably have eight legs. This sort of intransigence contributed to the general lack of scientific advancement in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, a situation that would only be remedied with the rise of empiricism during the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution.

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