AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt is marked by which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Military conquest

The development of religion

The development of writing

The construction of the great pyramids

The invention of irrigation

Correct answer:

Military conquest

Explanation:

After driving the Hyksos out of Egypt the era of the New Kingdom began. This period of Egyptian history is marked by a series of military conquests as ambitious and powerful Pharaohs stretched their dominion east, all the way to the Euphrates River. This is the period of powerful and famous Pharaohs like Hatshepsut and Ramesses II.

Example Question #22 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Alaric the Visigoth is most famous for __________.

Possible Answers:

leading a devastating sack of Rome

sacking the city of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade

defeating the forces of the Roman Empire and protecting Britain from Roman invasion

his successful scheme to assassinate Julius Caesar

leading the Roman invasion of Carthage during the Second Punic War

Correct answer:

leading a devastating sack of Rome

Explanation:

Alaric the Visigoth is most famous for leading the devastating sack of Rome in 410 C.E. His conquest and destruction of the city is most often cited as the moment when the Roman Empire fell.

Example Question #23 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Emperor Trajan is most often remembered for __________.

Possible Answers:

converting the Empire to Christianity

heavily persecuting Christians in the Roman Empire

expanding the territory of Rome to its greatest extent

a series of legal reforms he authored and enacted

his innovations in military strategy and formation

Correct answer:

expanding the territory of Rome to its greatest extent

Explanation:

The Emperor Trajan is most often remembered for expanding the territory of Rome to its greatest extent. He led successful campaigns against Dacia and Parthia and other states that expanded Roman territory further east. Trajan is also remembered for his extensive program of social welfare that earned him a reputation as one of the Five Good Emperors of the Roman Empire.

Example Question #24 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following was a consequence of the foreign expansion of the Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

All of these answers

Demand for peasant labor decreased.

Inequality increased.

Large increase in wealth for aristocrats

An increasing reliance on the poor for military service.

Correct answer:

All of these answers

Explanation:

Foreign expansion increased the wealth of aristocrats through foreign looting. Expansion also increased slave labor and therefore reduced the demand for peasant labor and this shifted the poor increasingly into military service where they were needed for further foreign expansion. The increasing wealth of aristocrats and the falling demand for peasant labor contributed to increasing inequality. 

Example Question #25 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

What was the Roman name for what is now France?

Possible Answers:

Belgica

Latinum

Aquitania

Gaul 

Italy-Across-The-Alps

Correct answer:

Gaul 

Explanation:

Gaul has named for the tribes that traversed it, both before and after it fell under Roman rule. Fierce and proud, the Gallic tribes were one of Rome's most fearsome adversaries throughout the entirety of Roman history. It was renamed France after the Franks, a tribe that came to dominate the region around the fall of the Empire.

Example Question #21 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these modern-day countries was not part of the Eastern Roman Empire following the Emperor Diocletian's division of Roman territory?

Possible Answers:

Egypt

Greece

Syria

Turkey

Algeria

Correct answer:

Algeria

Explanation:

The Eastern Roman Empire was comprised of all of the following modern-day countries except Algeria. Most of North Africa, the Iberian peninsula, modern-day France and Britain, and the Italian peninsula were part of the Western Roman Empire; Modern-day Greece, Turkey, Egypt, and the near Middle East were all part of the Eastern Roman Empire.

Example Question #27 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

In which century was the territory of the Roman Empire most extensive?

Possible Answers:

First century CE

Second century BCE

Second century CE

First century BCE

Fourth century CE

Correct answer:

Second century CE

Explanation:

The territory of the Roman Empire was most extensive in the second century CE This period of time coincides with the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the Roman Empire - Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius. These emperors were so-named for their string of successful military conquests and the relative peace and prosperity that prevailed over territory within the Roman Empire during this time.

Example Question #28 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Ashoka the Great was a ruler of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Harappan civilization

Mauryan Dynasty

Mughal Empire

Yuan Dynasty

Gupta Dynasty

Correct answer:

Mauryan Dynasty

Explanation:

Ashoka the Great was a ruler of the Mauryan Dynasty. Ashoka ruled over the vast majority of the Indian subcontinent (including parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh) from approximately 270 to 230 BCE Ashoka is famous for his military conquests, but he is also famous for his religious tolerance which emerged during the later years of his reign. He was famously appalled by the loss of life during one of his conquests and embraced many aspects of Buddhism as a result.

Example Question #29 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Approximately how long did the Byzantine Empire survive after the Fall of the Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

Seven-hundred years

One-thousand years

Seventy years

Three-hundred years

One-hundred years

Correct answer:

One-thousand years

Explanation:

The Fall of the Roman Empire took place in the fifth century. First, the Visigoths sacked the city in 410 CE and then the Vandals sacked the city in 445 CE The Byzantine Empire survived until 1453, approximately a millennium later, when it was conquered by the forces of the Ottoman Empire led by Mehmed II.

 

Example Question #30 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following cultural or political ideas was NOT introduced into Vietnam after the Han Conquest in 111 BCE?

Possible Answers:

The Chinese examination system and bureaucracy

Chinese military organization

Chinese-style schools

Chinese agricultural cropping techniques and irrigation technology

Chinese reliance on the nuclear family at the expense of other relatives

Correct answer:

Chinese reliance on the nuclear family at the expense of other relatives

Explanation:

After the Han conquest, Vietnam adopted several important aspects of the Chinese cultural and political system, including recruiting bureaucrats via examinations, Chinese-style schools and Chinese military organization. Technology such as cropping techniques and irrigation were also introduced. The dominant cultural system in China at the time that also influenced Vietnam was Confucianism, which advocates reverence for all ancestors in an extended family, rather than exalting the nuclear family (only parents and their children).

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