AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #939 : Ap World History

Which of these Indian rulers united the subcontinent under the Mauryan Dynasty?

Possible Answers:

Mirwais Hotak

Cyrus the Great

Chandragupta Maurya

Alexander the Great

Ashoka the Great

Correct answer:

Ashoka the Great

Explanation:

The Indian subcontinent was effectively united (excluding modern-day Tamil Nadu and parts of Kerala) under the Mauryan Dynasty by Ashoka the Great in the third century BCE. Ashoka was a great military commander, but also a notable proponent of religious tolerance.

Example Question #940 : Ap World History

In what century was the Roman Empire first divided into different sectors of imperial administration, initially called the Tetrarchy?

Possible Answers:

Fifth century CE

Seventh century CE

Second century BCE

First century CE

Third century CE

Correct answer:

Third century CE

Explanation:

In the third century CE the Roman Empire experienced a series of disastrous civil wars that led the Emperor Diocletian to believe that the empire was too large for any one centralized government to administer. He divided the empire into a tetrarchy - four distinct, but united provinces. This division would lead to the formation of the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire.

Example Question #41 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

What was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

Damascus

Alexandria

Athens

Byzantium

Thrace

Correct answer:

Byzantium

Explanation:

The Eastern Roman Empire was created by the Emperor Constantine in 330 CE. The Byzantine Empire is another name for the Eastern Roman Empire, so it stands to reason that the capital was called Byzantium. The city of Byzantium has also been called Constantinople and, since the Ottoman conquest in 1453, Istanbul.

Example Question #42 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The Ptolemaic Kingdom reigned territory in modern-day __________.

Possible Answers:

Greece

India

Egypt

Turkey

Italy

Correct answer:

Egypt

Explanation:

The Ptolemaic Kingdom was established in modern-day Egypt in 323 BCE. It was one of the Hellenistic kingdoms that arose from the division of the conquests of Alexander the Great. It was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty until the death of Queen Cleopatra in 30 BCE.

Example Question #43 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The Achaemenid Empire is sometimes also called __________.

Possible Answers:

the Ptolemaic Empire

the Last Persian Empire

the Eastern Roman Empire

the Hellenistic Empire

the First Persian Empire

Correct answer:

the First Persian Empire

Explanation:

The Achaemenid Empire is sometimes also called the First Persian Empire, it was founded in 552 BCE by Cyrus the Great.

Example Question #44 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The period of peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire, called Pax Romana, began with the rule of __________.

Possible Answers:

Nero

Sulla

Julius Caesar

Augustus Caesar

Caligula

Correct answer:

Augustus Caesar

Explanation:

The Pax Romana is a period relative peace and prosperity within the Roman Empire. Most historians agree that the Pax Romana began in 27 BCE with the ascension of the Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar and ended with the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 CE.

Example Question #45 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these modern-day countries was never conquered by the Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

All of these countries were never conquered by the Roman Empire

Denmark

Poland

Scotland

Ireland

Correct answer:

All of these countries were never conquered by the Roman Empire

Explanation:

The Roman Empire is one of the largest land empires ever seen in human history, but it did not come cover any of these modern-day countries. The Roman Empire, for example, failed to conquer Scotland and instead constructed Hadrian’s Wall - as a barrier between England and Scotland - to keep out barbarians during their attempted conquest of Britain.

Example Question #46 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The Qin Dynasty was so short-lived due to its __________.

Possible Answers:

close proximity to Mongol invaders

inability to reinforce the Chinese bureaucracy

economic stagnation and disastrous agricultural reforms

refusal to embrace legalism

strict adherence to legalism

Correct answer:

strict adherence to legalism

Explanation:

The Qin Dynasty emerged victorious from the Warring States Period of Chinese history. The dynasty was very short-lived (221 - 206 BCE), but due to the rule of Qin Shi Huangdi is one of the most influential dynasties in Chinese history. The dynasty was so short-lived, in part, due to its strict adherence to the unpopular and autocratic philosophy of legalism.

Example Question #47 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these was not part of the territory of the Roman Republic?

Possible Answers:

Iberia

Syria

Gaul

Greece

These were all part of the territory of the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

These were all part of the territory of the Roman Republic

Explanation:

All of these regions were, at one point or another, territories of the Roman Republic. Greece was conquered reasonably early in the history of Rome. Iberia and Syria soon followed suit in the second and first centuries BCE. Gaul (modern-day France) was conquered by Julius Caesar in the first century BCE. All of these would also be territories of the Roman Empire.

Example Question #48 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which statement about the decline of Rome is most plausible?

Possible Answers:

Like Sumeria, the Romans failed to develop solid institutions that would be stable and lasting.

Like Egypt, economic differences among social classes became so small that people lost incentive to work hard.

Like Greece, Rome began to weaken when new religious beliefs began to challenge traditional ones.

Like Persia, the empire became so large that protecting trade routes became difficult and expensive.

Correct answer:

Like Persia, the empire became so large that protecting trade routes became difficult and expensive.

Explanation:

One of the main reasons why the Roman empire collapsed was that it became too large to administer, which was a difficulty also faced by the Persian empire. Many historians say that Rome actually became a victim of its own success — as it continued to conquer new lands, it became too big to control. As for the other answer choices, differences between social classes were large and stratified. Religion actually served as a uniting force circa 300 CE when Constantine declared Christianity as the official religion of Rome. Lastly, Rome had very sound institutions such as a constitution, laws, and legislatures.

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