AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #51 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these is NOT a similarity between Rome and China?

Possible Answers:

they both invested heavily on public works

empire expansion relied on military force

they both modeled their political systems after earlier precedents

they existed around the same time

Correct answer:

they both modeled their political systems after earlier precedents

Explanation:

Only China modeled their political systems after the earlier precedents set by the Xia, Shang, and Zhou; whereas Rome created a new political system for their empire without such precedents. It is true that both empires existed around the same time in the Classical era. Rome and China both relied on military force for the purpose of empire-building, and both invested heavily on public works projects.

Example Question #52 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

To what do historians primarily credit Rome's growth from a single city to the center of a huge empire?

Possible Answers:

the army

central location

diplomacy

cultural diffusion

Correct answer:

the army

Explanation:

One of the primary ways Rome was able to create such a massive empire was through its equally massive, disciplined, and technologically advanced army. Cultural diffusion did not necessarily allow Rome to conquer and expand its empire, but was rather a consequence of empire expansion. Rome did not regularly use diplomacy in empire-building. Though Rome was centrally located within the empire, this does not explain how they conquered.

Example Question #951 : Ap World History

Why were centralized empires so much less prominent in India than in China?

Possible Answers:

political fragmentation and cultural diversity

weak military and clashing religious beliefs

the caste system and lack of cultural unity

decentralized city-states and nomadic lifestyle

Correct answer:

political fragmentation and cultural diversity

Explanation:

Political fragmentation and cultural diversity made the creation of centralized empires less common in India than in China. The Indian subcontinent was politically fragmented since the fall of the Mauryan Empire in 184 BCE. That, along with a great deal of cultural diversity, made it difficult to unify India under one centralizing force. Few people in India practiced a nomadic lifestyle by the Classical era. Also, most Indians were united by the caste system and Hinduism, so clashing religious beliefs would not have been a dividing factor. 

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