AP Human Geography : Supranationalism & International Alliances

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #251 : Ap Human Geography

Which of these international organizations can reasonably claim to be the beginnings of the European Union?

Possible Answers:

The European Coal and Steel Community

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The Warsaw Pact

The European Arts and Culture Commission

The League of Nations

Correct answer:

The European Coal and Steel Community

Explanation:

The European Coal and Steel Community was founded in the 1950s by several countries in Western and Northern Europe. The original intention was to marry the economies of Germany and France so heavily that a future outbreak of war between the two countries would lead to economic ruin for both of them. Understood in a post-World War Two context, this decision makes a great deal of sense, as much of the trauma of the past century of European history had been caused by territorial disputes between France and Germany. Over time, more countries joined the European Coal and Steel Community, and its influence grew into the European common market and the European Union.

Example Question #12 : Supranationalism & International Alliances

What is the name of the treaty that codified the European Union in 1993?

Possible Answers:

The Treaty of Wittenberg

The Treaty of Brussels

The Treaty of Maastricht

The Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Rome

Correct answer:

The Treaty of Maastricht

Explanation:

The European Union was codified in 1993 by the Treaty of Maastricht. It was signed by twelve nations originally, but has since expanded to include the majority of the European continent. The Treaty of Maastricht created the common economic union of Europe and provided impetus for the creation of a standard currency—the Euro.

Example Question #252 : Ap Human Geography

Why have some people criticized the United Nations for being an undemocratic institution?

Possible Answers:

Countries are required to pay a portion of their gross domestic product to the maintenance of the UN’s peacekeeping forces.

None of these answers are correct; the UN has never been accused of being undemocratic.

Only democratic countries are admitted, excluding a large portion of the world’s peoples.

All of these answers are correct.

The powers afforded to various members vary greatly.

Correct answer:

The powers afforded to various members vary greatly.

Explanation:

The United Nations is frequently accused of being an undemocratic organization, particularly by countries not found in the western world. This accusation is based on the fact that the powers afforded to the various members vary greatly. There are five permanent members of the Security Council - the U.S., Russia, France, the U.K., and China. These five countries have powers above and beyond the powers afforded to the rest of the world, including the ability to veto any proposed security council resolution.

Example Question #251 : Ap Human Geography

Which of the following was not a goal of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?

Possible Answers:

Elimination of tariffs

Expansion of the market for North American goods

Increase the money supply

Greater market integration in member countries

Correct answer:

Increase the money supply

Explanation:

NAFTA aimed to create a free trade area between the United States, Mexico, and Canada- including market expansion and integration, and eliminating tariffs between the member states. The U.S. money supply in controlled by the Federal Reserve and the Treasury, and unaffected by NAFTA.

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