AP Human Geography : Political Organization of Space

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

Every country's economy has different "sectors". The "Quinary Sector" deals specifically with high-level decision-making by executives in the government, industry, business, education, and non-profit organizations.

Which of the following belongs to the "Quinary Sector" of the economy?

Possible Answers:

teaching new methods of irrigation for an NGO

working as a commercial plumber

managing a Subway restaurant

researching genetic-engineering for a government-funded firm

serving on the U.S.A. President's Cabinet

Correct answer:

serving on the U.S.A. President's Cabinet

Explanation:

Serving on the U.S. President's Cabinet is a high-ranking position within one of the most powerful governments in the world. This job is a high-level decision-making position in the government.

Working as a commercial plumber is not a high-ranking position. Even if said plumber owns their own small business, that person is not making high-level decisions that influence the economy.

Researching genetic-engineering for a government-funded firm is also not high-ranking. Researchers are low-level employees who gain data for the people that make decisions, but they themselves do not usually make the decisions for a company or firm.

Teaching new methods of irrigation for an NGO does require making decisions, but the decisions being made are not the high-level decisions that influence the economy of the NGO or a country.

Managing a Subway restaurant can require high-level decision making, but it is not the decision-making the ultimately influences the economic growth of the Subway company. The CEO of Subway is the only position within the company that would be considered to carry the high-level decision-making duties.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

The Great Wall of China is an example of which kind of boundary?

Possible Answers:

Geometric boundary

Antecedent boundary

Superimposed boundary

Relic boundary

Religious boundary

Correct answer:

Relic boundary

Explanation:

The Great Wall of China is an example of a relic boundary, or a nonfunctional boundary that still exists.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

The key difference that led to the partition of India and Pakistan was that __________.

Possible Answers:

India was predominantly English-speaking, while Pakistan was predominantly Urdu-speaking.

India was a former British colony, while Pakistan was never under colonial rule.

India was predominantly Muslim, while Pakistan was predominantly Hindu.

India was predominantly Hindu, while Pakistan was predominantly Muslim.

India was allied with capitalist nations, while Pakistan was allied with communist nations.

Correct answer:

India was predominantly Hindu, while Pakistan was predominantly Muslim.

Explanation:

India and Pakistan were both part of the British Raj, which encompassed modern day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Sikkim. In 1947, Britain granted self-rule to its former dominions in Southeast Asia, and it was believed that most of the former Raj would become one country, known as India. However, Muslim leaders in the country wanted a Muslim country, creating East and West Pakistan. In 1972, West Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

In which kind of state is the capital located in the center?

Possible Answers:

Compact

Prorupted

Fragmented

Elongated

Perforated

Correct answer:

Compact

Explanation:

Compact states feature their capitals in the center. No other type of state shape has a set capital location. Prorupted states are states wherein a piece of the state is projected. Elongated states are long and narrow. Perforated states feature a state fully enclosed inside another state's territory. Fragmented states have two or more pieces to them.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

The boundary between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland is an example of a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

antecedent boundary

relic boundary

geometric boundary

religious boundary

superimposed boundary

Correct answer:

religious boundary

Explanation:

The boundary between Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom) and the Republic of Ireland (an independent state) is an example of a religious boundary. The population of Northern Ireland is overwhelmingly Protestant, whereas the population of the Republic of Ireland is overwhelmingly Catholic. The proximity of these two religious groups, and the involvement of the English government, has led to a great deal of “trouble” in the past century.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

The people of this ethnicity are rigidly divided between a communist North and a capitalist South?

Possible Answers:

Russian

Egyptian

Japanese

Korean

British

Correct answer:

Korean

Explanation:

Korea is an ancient and long-lasting nation. Although for much of its history has been incorporated into various empires the Korean ethnicity remains fairly homogenous and culturally relevant. Since the end of the Korean War in 1953 the Korean nationality has been divided between a communist North Korea and a capitalist South Korea.

Example Question #1 : Influences Of Boundaries

What is the name for a border that separates both political entities and religious, linguistic, and ethnic groups?

Possible Answers:

National boundary

Episcopal boundary

Cultural boundary

Topographical boundary

Territorial boundary

Correct answer:

Cultural boundary

Explanation:

A cultural boundary is the geographical term for the border between two different ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. While these often fall along territorial, topographical, or national boundaries, they can be almost anywhere, and cultural boundaries are more likely to be shaped by historical forces rather than strictly geographical ones. An important cultural boundary is the line formed from the Alps and the Danube River, which divided Western Europe between the Latinized areas of the former Roman Empire and the German-influenced areas on the other side.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

Neighboring nations and states may become embroiled in boundary disputes. Which of the following disputes occurs over the right to resources?

Possible Answers:

Operational

Locational

Allocational

Definitional

Commercial

Correct answer:

Allocational

Explanation:

An allocational boundary dispute is a dispute over the right to resources. An allocational dispute arises from both natural resources, such as water from a common source, and commercial resources, such as oil from beneath bordering land.

Example Question #2 : Political Organization Of Space

Which of the following nations are considered stateless?

Possible Answers:

Croats

Czechs

Bosnians

Kurds

Slovaks

Correct answer:

Kurds

Explanation:

The Kurds do not have a state where they are the majority population. They are, therefore, a stateless nation. All other ethnic groups listed have their own states, such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina respectively.

Example Question #1 : Political Organization Of Space

If a boundary dispute between two countries is over which country has rights to a natural resource, what kind of dispute is it?

Possible Answers:

Definitional dispute

Locational dispute

Operational dispute

Allocational dispute

Correct answer:

Allocational dispute

Explanation:

A boundary dispute over the "allocation" or distribution of natural resources is an allocational dispute. A definitional dispute is a boundary dispute over the legal terms set forth, a locational dispute is a boundary dispute over the physical location, and an operational dispute is a boundary dispute over how the boundary ought to function.

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