# AP Biology : Understand co-dominance

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Understand Co Dominance

A mother with type A blood and a father with type B blood have a child. What blood type is impossible for that child to have?

A

All are possible

O

B

AB

All are possible

Explanation:

The mother's possible genotypes for blood are AO and AA, while the father's are BO and BB; therefore, the child could have any blood type because we could receive an O allele from either parent.

The full possibilities are:

A from mother, O from father - blood type A

A from mother, B from father - blood type AB

O from mother, B from father - blood type B

O from mother, O from father - blood type O

### Example Question #2251 : Ap Biology

In a specific type of flower the genes coding for color display codominance. What would you expect the phenotype to be for a cross between a flower homozygous for white coloration and a flower homozygous for red coloration?

Pink

Distinct red and white spots

Red

White

Distinct red and white spots

Explanation:

Codominance is a phenomenon in which the phenotypes associated with both alleles will be expressed in their entirety. This expression pattern results in mottled expression, creating distinct red and white spots for the flower. This is different than incomplete dominance, in which the two phenotypes appear to blend together.

### Example Question #82 : Inheritance

In humans, blood type is determined by three alleles: A, B, and O. Both the A and B alleles are dominant to the O allele. When both A and B are present, however, a combined phenotype of AB results. In AB individuals, both A and B antigens are fully expressed on the cell surface. This is an example of __________.

codominance

complete dominance

incomplete dominance

Mendelian dominance

nondominance

codominance

Explanation:

Since the A and B alleles both seem to exert a form of dominance, this is clearly not our common example of a complete dominance scenario. We can conclude that blood type is determined by either incomplete dominance or codominance.

In incomplete dominance, both alleles exert influence to a lesser degree resulting in a "blended" phenotype. In blood type, both alleles exert their full influence together. Instead of yielding a blended phenotype, this situation results in a phenotype that is functionally equivalent to having both A and B blood types at once. The A and B alleles are codominant.

### Example Question #4 : Understand Co Dominance

Scientists are trying to figure out the dominance hierarchy for a newly discovered plant. They have found that when a true-breeding yellow plant is crossed to a true-breeding green plant, the resulting offspring have distinct spots of yellow and green. What is the most likely explanation for this result?

Green is the dominant allele

Codominance

Incomplete dominance

Yellow is the dominant allele

Codominance

Explanation:

In the resulting offspring, both phenotypes are displayed equally. This is a classic example of codominance. If an intermediate phenotype was observed, incomplete dominance would be the correct answer.

In codominance, both alleles are considered dominant. This means that both alleles will be fully expressed in different regions, resulting in spots. In incomplete dominance neither allele is fully dominant, so both can be expressed simultaneously in a given area. The result is a blending of both alleles.

### Example Question #1 : Understand Co Dominance

The shorthorn cattle coat color exhibits codominance. If a homozygous red individual and homozygous white individual produce an offspring, what will the resulting coat color be?

Roan

Pink

White

Red

Roan

Explanation:

In cases of codominance, the offspring have both alleles expressed at the same time. Thus, the coat color will be roa, which contains both white and red hair.

### Example Question #6 : Understand Co Dominance

Blood type exhibits codominance.  and  are dominant alleles, and i is recessive.  results in blood type results in blood type , and i results in blood type . If an individual with genotype  produces offspring with an individual with blood type  what will be the blood type of the resulting offspring?

A

O

A

AB