Ancient History: Egypt : Neolithic Egypt (up to 8000-3000 BCE)

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Egypt

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Ancient History: Egypt

The ancient Egyptian civilization arose along the banks of which of these rivers?

Possible Answers:

The Tigris

The Nile

The Indus

The Euphrates

The Ganges

Correct answer:

The Nile

Explanation:

The ancient Egyptian civilization first emerged along the banks of the Nile River approximately eight thousand years ago. The first settled agricultural communities appeared around 6,000 BCE. The Egyptian people depended on the Nile River for their survival.

Example Question #1 : Settlement

Where is Libya located in relation to Egypt?

Possible Answers:

to the east, on the shores of the Red Sea

to the north, along the Nile River

to the west, north of the Sahara Desert

to the east, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

to the south, along the Nile River

Correct answer:

to the west, north of the Sahara Desert

Explanation:

Libya is located to the west of Egypt, in the north of the Saharan Desert, on the North African shores of the Mediterranean. Libya was an important rival to Egypt throughout Egyptian history, but especially during the latter years. Libya actually conquered Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period and ruled as the twenty-second and twenty-third dynasties.

Example Question #1 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

This question refers to archeological evidence of Neolithic Egypt. Due to the dry climate of Egypt, artifacts many thousands of years old have been found in surprisingly good condition. 

What was the most important artifact used for Sequence Dating of archaeological sites? Sequence Dating is defined as deducing the relative age of a culture through advances in a certain type of object.

Possible Answers:

Agricultural Implements

Jewelry

Building Materials

Pottery and Ceramics

Metalwork

Correct answer:

Pottery and Ceramics

Explanation:

WMF Petrie, a well known Egyptologist, developed Sequence Dating among his other systematic methods for archaeology. Sequence dating uses pottery and ceramics found in archaeological layers to date the relative age of a settlement as compared to others in the region. Throughout the Predynastic period, handles and decorations on pottery evolved to become more ornamental, and so it is possible do deduce the relative age of a culture based on how decorative its pottery was. 

Example Question #1 : Art And Culture

What types of crops emerged from the first cultivation of agriculture during the Neolithic Period?

Possible Answers:

Berries and fruits

Wheat, barley, and herbs

Cotton

Corn

Correct answer:

Wheat, barley, and herbs

Explanation:

The main results of the beginning of agriculture were the crops of wheat, barley, and herbs. This phenomenon of agriculture replaced the prior theme of hunting and gathering. This allowed the people to supplement their diets and spend more time of the development of culture and civilization rather than spending all their time hunting and gathering. 

Example Question #1 : Literacy And Communication

What is a hieroglyph?

Possible Answers:

an ancient mode of transportation

a type of agricultural crop

an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds

a type of clothing worn by pharaohs

Correct answer:

an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds

Explanation:

A hieroglyph is an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds. Hieroglyphs emerged during the Neolithic Era and have served as a means for archaeologists to learn about ancient Egypt. These pictures can be found on artifacts, on rocks, and on the walls of pyramids.

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