# 4th Grade Science : Earth and Space Science

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Earth And Space Science

Fill in the blank.

The condition of the atmosphere each day is known as the __________.

weather

precipitation

climate

temperature

weather

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to understand the terms in the answer choices:

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere each day. Weather can be described by the temperature, amount of precipitation, and the humidity.

Climate is the overall weather patterns that last for long periods of time in a certain area. For example, the climate in a tropical area is generally always warm, it doesn't change day by day.

Temperature is the degree of heat in the atmosphere.

Precipitation is the amount of rain, snow, hail, or sleet that falls.

Based on the question, weather is the correct answer because it changes each day.

### Example Question #1 : Earth And Space Science

Fill in the blank.

The overall weather pattern in a certain area is called the __________.

precipitation

weather

climate

temperature

climate

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to understand the terms in the answer choices:

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere each day. Weather can be described by the temperature, amount of precipitation, and the humidity.

Climate is the overall weather patterns that last for long periods of time in a certain area. For example, the climate in a tropical area is generally always warm, it doesn't change day by day.

Temperature is the degree of heat in the atmosphere.

Precipitation is the amount of rain, snow, hail, or sleet that falls.

Based on the question, climate is the correct answer because climate is an overall weather patter.

### Example Question #2 : Earth And Space Science

Select the moon phase that comes after a full moon.

Waning Gibbous Moon

Waxing Gibbous Moon

Waxing Crescent Moon

Waning Crescent Moon

Waning Gibbous Moon

Explanation:

Using the diagram below, we see the full moon on the right side. Following the pattern of the arrows, waning gibbous moon comes after the full moon.

### Example Question #3 : Earth And Space Science

How many phases does the moon go through?

Eight

Six

Seven

Five