SAT II US History : U.S. Intellectual and Cultural History from 1899 to the Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

Who is responsible for the first assembly line for the mass production of an automobile?

Possible Answers:

The Dodge Brothers

Mr. Chrysler

Henry Ford

Alfred P. Sloan

None of these

Correct answer:

Henry Ford

Explanation:

This should have been a very simple question. The answer is Henry Ford. Ford not only was the first to apply the assembly line to automobile manufacturing, he also made it more efficient. In other words, he took the different processes it takes to build an automobile (the Model T, in this instance) and then broke them down into discrete actions that only one person performed (and that person performed the same action, every day)

Example Question #22 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

This book was a cautionary tale about the decadence and idealism of the 1920s

Possible Answers:

The Jungle

The Great Gatsby

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Looking Backwards

None of these

Correct answer:

The Great Gatsby

Explanation:

The Great Gatsby was published in 1925 by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and was a cautionary tale about the idealism and decadence of the era. The Jungle was published in 1906 by Upton Sinclair, and concerned the unsanitary conditions of the Chicago meatpacking plants, as well as the harsh living conditions of the plants' immigrant workers. Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe, and portrayed the harsh living conditions of antebellum slaves. Looking Backward was a utopian science fiction novel published by Edward Bellamy in 1888.

Example Question #1 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

Which of the following is true about Eleanor Roosevelt? 

Possible Answers:

She divorced Franklin Roosevelt after his very public affair with her social secretary.

She campaigned for women in political office.

She took a much more public role than any First Lady before her.

She is currently a delegate to the United Nations.

She often held press conferences that all reporters were invited to.

Correct answer:

She took a much more public role than any First Lady before her.

Explanation:

Because FDR had debilitating polio, Eleanor Roosevelt often traveled for him, reporting her findings; therefore, she took a much more active role as First Lady than anyone had done before.  

The other answers are all false. She held press conferences that only women reporters were invited to, so as to encourage news outlets to hire female reporters. She was also appointed to the United Nations by President Truman, but no longer holds that position as she passed away from tuberculosis. Additionally, Franklin Roosevelt did have a very public affair, but she did not divorce him for it. 

 

Example Question #1 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

The Red Scare of the 1920s was an American response to                 .

Possible Answers:

McCarthyism

Chinese Communism

Bolshevism

Menshevism

Imperialism

Correct answer:

Bolshevism

Explanation:

The Red Scare, which began in the early 1920s but remained a constant fixture of American political and social life for several decades, is the name given to America's response to the growth of Communism in the Soviet Union. The primary political party behind Communism in the Soviet Union was the Bolshevik Party. The Mensheviks were the rival Communist Party, which were defeated by Lenin and his comrades. Chinese Communism would not arise for another thirty years. And McCarthyism is a name related to America's response to Communism, led by United States Senator Joseph McCarthy—it primarily has connotations of unfair or unfounded accusations of disloyalty directed at U.S. citizens during the Red Scare. 

Example Question #23 : U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

The Scopes Trial was a reaction to which of the following theories or philosophies?

Possible Answers:

Existentialism 

Transcendentalism

Eugenics 

Evolution 

Positivism 

Correct answer:

Evolution 

Explanation:

The Scopes Trial took place in 1925. The case was made against Tennessee school teacher John Scopes, on the grounds that he had violated Tennessee state law by teaching the theory of evolution in his classroom. The case immediately gained national media attention, especially once former Presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan agreed to represent the prosecution and famed defense attorney Clarence Darrow agreed to represent the defense. The case contributed greatly to the growth of both the scientific movement and the anti-evolution movement in the United States.

Example Question #2 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

Who is the author of On the Road?

Possible Answers:

Jack Kerouac

Jack London

Ernest Hemmingway 

John Steinbeck 

Herman Melville

Correct answer:

Jack Kerouac

Explanation:

On the Road is considered the principle novel of the so-called Beat Generation. It was written by Jack Kerouac in the early 1950s, and published for the first time in 1957. The book chronicles Kerouac’s real-life journeys across the United States and reflects the growing dissatisfaction among young people of the time with conventional forms of life. The Beat Generation can be classified a number of ways, but generally it refers to a certain type of youth culture that rejected conformist career and life choices in favor of drug experimentation, spiritual enlightenment, unorthodox sexual behavior, and the gaining of awareness of one’s own human nature. 

Example Question #3 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

The artistic movement known as Pop Art was characterized by __________.

Possible Answers:

borrowing images and themes from popular culture and advertising

focusing on painting landscapes and still lifes instead of people

using geometric shapes and primary colors to break down traditional art

strictly adhering to traditional principles of fine art

an embrace of abstract forms instead of rigid adherence to naturalism

Correct answer:

borrowing images and themes from popular culture and advertising

Explanation:

Pop Art was developed in Great Britain and the United States in the 1950s, and reached its apex in the 1960s with artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jasper Johns. These artists rejected the pre-World War II uses of abstract art, and instead used images culled from comic books, movies, and advertising. Iconic Pop Art pieces include Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Cans" and Johns' "Flag," both of which were paintings of iconic images in American culture.

Example Question #305 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

"One-third of the population of the South is of the Negro race. No enterprise seeking the material, civil, or moral welfare of this section can disregard this element of our population and reach the highest success. I but convey to you, Mr. President and Directors, the sentiment of the masses of my race when I say that in no way have the value and manhood of the American Negro been more fittingly and generously recognized than by the managers of this magnificent Exposition at every stage of its progress. It is a recognition that will do more to cement the friendship of the two races than any occurrence since the dawn of our freedom."

The above quote best represents the views of __________.

Possible Answers:

Harriet Tubman

W.E.B. DuBois

Frederick Douglass

Booker T. Washington

Marcus Garvey

Correct answer:

Booker T. Washington

Explanation:

The Reconstruction and Post-Reconstruction era saw a retrenchment of racial animosity towards newly freed slaves throughout the South. Many different black leaders proposed a variety of solutions and ways to better the status of African-Americans. Booker T. Washington became notable for advocating educational and societal improvements among African-Americans, rather than a direct engagement with segregationist policies, as reflected in the quote provided in the question.

Example Question #3 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

Who authored The Other America, a book depicting a less than ideal version of American life in the 1950s?

Possible Answers:

Michael Harrington 

Jack Finney

Isaac Asimov 

Alice Adams

Gary Jennings 

Correct answer:

Michael Harrington 

Explanation:

The Other America was written by Michael Harrington. Harrington was disillusioned with the ignorance of his fellow Americans to the plight of the urban and rural poor in the United States. At a time when most Americans were enjoying significant economic growth and prosperity, Harrington argued that there was an “other America” that was being left behind. He argued that greater than a quarter of the population was still living in poverty and that the government had a moral obligation to alleviate suffering. The book was hugely influential in the United States, and many historians credit it with, at least in part, inspiring Lyndon B. Johnson’s “War on Poverty.”

Example Question #3 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Intellectual And Cultural History From 1899 To The Present

Which of the following best describes the goals of the America First Committee?

Possible Answers:

To promote the ideals of the White Citizens' Council

To prevent the spread of Communism after the Bolshevik Revolution

To keep the United States neutral in the European theater of World War II

To enforce the post-Civil War Reconstruction laws throughout the South

To limit immigration from non-European nations

Correct answer:

To keep the United States neutral in the European theater of World War II

Explanation:

The America First Committee was founded in September of 1940, as American sympathy started to turn towards favoring Britain in its war against Nazi Germany. The leaders of the America First Committee all desired for America to remain out of foreign wars and to avoid conflicts like World War I. The America First Committee saw its popularity decline in June of 1941 after famed aviator and prominent Committee leader Charles Lindbergh gave a speech which defended and even seemed to promote Nazi Germany. The America First Committee formally disbanded just days after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941.

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