Human Anatomy and Physiology : Identifying Bones of the Upper Extremities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Human Anatomy and Physiology

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

On which bone is the infraglenoid tubercle?

Possible Answers:

Scapula

Ulna

Scaphoid

Radius

Humerus

Correct answer:

Scapula

Explanation:

The infraglenoid tubercle is located on the scapula which is also known as the shoulder blade. The humerus is located in the upper portion of the arm. The radius and ulna is located on the lower portion of the arm. The scaphoid is located in the wrist.

Example Question #32 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

On which bone is the infraspinous fossa?

Possible Answers:

Ulna

Scapula

Humerus

Radius

Scaphoid

Correct answer:

Scapula

Explanation:

The infraspinous fossa is located on the scapula which is also known as the shoulder blade. The humerus is located in the upper portion of the arm. The radius and ulna is located on the lower portion of the arm. The scaphoid is located in the wrist.

Example Question #33 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which of the following is not a carpal bone?

Possible Answers:

Hamate

Lunate

Sphenoid

Trapezoid

Pisiform

Correct answer:

Sphenoid

Explanation:

The sphenoid is located in the skull. All others are carpal bones. 

Example Question #34 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which of these bones is classified as a long bone?

Possible Answers:

Ribs

Carpals

Vertebrae

Ulna

Correct answer:

Ulna

Explanation:

Bones are classified according to shape. Long bones include the humerus, radius, ulna, tibia, femur, fibula, phalanges, and metacarpals. The carpal and tarsal bones are short bones, which are cuboid-shaped. The ribs are flat bones. Lastly, the vertebrae are irregular bones, meaning they are of mixed shapes.

Example Question #35 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which bone is considered the upper arm bone?

Possible Answers:

Radius

Humerus

Scapula

Ulna

Clavicle

Correct answer:

Humerus

Explanation:

The humerus makes up the upper arm. The clavicle and scapula create the shoulder girdle in which the humerus joins with. Finally the radius and Ulna make up the forearm bones.

Example Question #36 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which bones make up the shoulder girdle?

Possible Answers:

Clavicle and scapula

Clavicle and humerus

Scapula and humerus

Scapula, humerus, sternum, and clavicle

Scapula, humerus, and sternum

Correct answer:

Clavicle and scapula

Explanation:

The shoulder girdle (or what bones keep the arm attached the the body) is made up of the clavicle and scapula, which together create the frame for the joint space for the upper arm, as well as muscle attachment. 

Example Question #36 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which bone of the shoulder is commonly known as the collar bone?

Possible Answers:

Scapula

Sternum

Radius

Humerus

Clavicle

Correct answer:

Clavicle

Explanation:

The clavicle is commonly known as the collar bone. Hint: the collar of your shirt lies against this bone.

Example Question #37 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which bones create the elbow joint?

Possible Answers:

Radius, ulna, and humerus

Radius and humerus

Tibia and femur

Humerus and scapula

Ulna and carpals

Correct answer:

Radius, ulna, and humerus

Explanation:

The radius and ulna make up the forearm bones, which meet with the humerus of the upper arm to create the elbow joint. All other options only include one or some of these bones, which make them incorrect.

Example Question #38 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which of these is not present on the scapula?

Possible Answers:

Suprascapular notch

Coronoid process

Infraspinous fossa

Rim of glenoid cavity

Coracoid process

Correct answer:

Coronoid process

Explanation:

The coronoid and coracoid processes are easily confused. While the coracoid process lies on the superior lateral portion of the scapula, the coronoid process is found on other bones such as the mandible and ulna.

Example Question #39 : Identifying Bones Of The Upper Extremities

Which is a feature of the distal posterior end of the humerus?

Possible Answers:

Styloid process

Intertubercular groove

Capitulum

Olecranon fossa

Radial fossa

Correct answer:

Olecranon fossa

Explanation:

The humerus articulates with the olecranon of the ulna in the olecranon fossa.

The capitulum and radial fossa are on the anterior side of the humerus; the intertubercular groove is proximal rather than distal; and the styloid process is a projection of the ulna rather than the humerus.

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