GED Social Studies : Congress

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Us Government

Any treaties that the Executive branch attempts to enter into are, according to the Constitution, to be subject to the "advice and consent" of the US Senate. Which other set of Executive branch functions does the Constitution specifically state shall also be subject to the Senate's "advice and consent"?

Possible Answers:

The President's choice of Vice President

The appointment of important officials such as Ambassadors and Supreme Court Justices

The dismissal of the President's Cabinet officials

The drafting of Executive Orders

Whether the President can run for reelection

Correct answer:

The appointment of important officials such as Ambassadors and Supreme Court Justices

Explanation:

Article II, Section 2 of the US Constitution states: 

[The President] shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President of the United States is vested with the considerable power to appoint thousands of different officials, ranging in power from low level regulators all the way to the Justices of the Supreme Court. This is an enormous task for one person to undertake, and the drafters of the Constitution provided for Senatorial advice and consent as a check on both abuse and poor performance in appointments by a President. 

Example Question #1 : Us Government

How many Senators are there for each state?

Possible Answers:

Two

Four

It varies from state to state based on each state's population.

Three

One

Correct answer:

Two

Explanation:

The representatives each state gets varies by its population in the House of Representatives. So, California, which is currently the most populous state, gets a lot more representatives than Wyoming, which is currently the least populous state. In the Senate, every state gets two representatives, regardless of size. The system was set up this way because of a disagreement between state representatives at the Constitutional Convention. The larger states' representatives wanted to have their larger populations reflected by greater representation, whereas the smaller states' representatives feared they would have no power in the system and would be mere subjects of the larger states. A compromise was reached, which is called the Connecticut Compromise, or the Great Compromise.

Example Question #61 : Civics And Government

Which of these states has the most Senators in Congress?

Possible Answers:

New York

They all have the same number of Senators

California

Florida

Colorado

Correct answer:

They all have the same number of Senators

Explanation:

In the American Legislature there are two houses. The House of Representatives, where each state is apportioned a different number of representatives relative to the population of the state, and the Senate. In the Senate, every State has exactly two members, regardless of the population of the state.

Example Question #1 : The House Of Representatives

The House of Representatives is part of __________.

Possible Answers:

The Executive Branch

The State Legislature

The Judicial Branch

The Department of the Interior

The Legislative Branch

Correct answer:

The Legislative Branch

Explanation:

The House of Representatives is the lower house in the United States’ Legislative Branch. The American Legislative Branch operates as a bicameral legislature, with an upper house (The Senate) and a lower house (The House of Representatives).

Example Question #61 : Content Areas

Which Article of the Constitution outlines the powers granted to Congress? 

Possible Answers:

Article I

Article IV

Article II

Article V

Article III

Correct answer:

Article I

Explanation:

The structure of Congress and the powers reserved for Congress are established in Article I of the Constitution.

Example Question #1 : Congress

A President is tried for impeachment by ___________.

Possible Answers:

The Senate

The House of Representatives

Congress

national referendum

The Supreme Court

Correct answer:

The Senate

Explanation:

The House of Representatives may bring charges of impeachment against a President, and if the vote carries, he is tried for impeachment in the Senate. Only two Presidents have ever had charges of impeachment brought against them by the House (Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton), but neither were found guilty in the Senate.

Example Question #1 : Powers Of Congress

What name is given to the attempt by a representative in Congress to provide funds and confer benefits to his or her home district?

Possible Answers:

Pork-barrel legislation

Logrolling

Filibuster

Cloture

Quorum

Correct answer:

Pork-barrel legislation

Explanation:

Pork-barrel legislation is the name given by any attempt, successful or otherwise, by a representative to gain some benefit for his or her home district at the expense of national interests.

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