GED Social Studies : Types of Democracy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Content Areas

The lawmaking body of the British government is called __________

Possible Answers:

House Committee.

Senate.

Parliament.

Duma.

Congress.

Correct answer:

Parliament.

Explanation:

In the British government, the lawmaking body is called Parliament, or the Houses of Parliament. It is made up of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, with the House of Commons directing most of the legislative action.

Example Question #12 : Content Areas

Which of these is missing or could never happen under a two-party system?

Possible Answers:

Moderate political viewpoints

Coalition governments

Primary elections

Representative democracy

Freedom of religion

Correct answer:

Coalition governments

Explanation:

One of the primary advantages of a two-party system, as compared to a multi-party system, is that if there are only two parties competing for power, they must try to attract as much of the electorate as possible. This generally causes both parties to be extremely moderate in their political leanings. It is not possible to have a coalition government in a two-party system. In a coalition government, which occurs often in parliamentary systems (such as those in the United Kingdom or Germany), no one party gains an absolute majority, so parties combine their votes together to form a coalition and more than one party rules. This has the advantage of allowing disparate and varied political opinions to work together.

Example Question #1 : Governments And Philosophies

In a parliamentary democracy, the executive leader is chosen by __________.

Possible Answers:

the unelected members of the judicial branch

the elected members of the legislative branch

the monarch

the elected members of the judicial branch

a vote of the population

Correct answer:

the elected members of the legislative branch

Explanation:

One of the primary differences between a presidential democracy (like the governments of the United States and France) and a parliamentary democracy (like the governments of Germany and the United Kingdom) is that in a parliamentary democracy, the people do not directly elect the Prime Minister; instead, they vote for a representative of a political party in the legislature, and the majority party in the legislature chooses a Prime Minister. In modern times, it is generally known before the election of the legislative branch the person each party would choose for their leader, so the difference is nominal in terms of the amount of power held by the people.

Example Question #1 : Types Of Democracy

Britain is governed by __________.

Possible Answers:

a presidential democracy

an absolute monarchy

an autocratic theocracy

a parliamentary democracy

new federalism

Correct answer:

a parliamentary democracy

Explanation:

Britain is governed by a parliamentary system. There is a legislative body, called the Houses of Parliament, where the leader of the majority party, or of the largest coalition, is Prime Minister. This is different to the American system where votes for the legislature and executive are not directly tied to one another.

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