AP World History : War and Civil Conflict 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What was the United States' economic plan to help Europe fight against Communist/Soviet Union influences after World War II?

Possible Answers:

The Capitalist Plan

The Marshall Plan

The Eisenhower Plan

The American Plan

Correct answer:

The Marshall Plan

Explanation:

The United States created the Marshall Plan after World War II, as an economic strategy to help European countries be less vulnerable to the Soviet attempts to invade them after World War II.

Example Question #21 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

After the Hashemite tribe was expelled from the Arabian peninsula by the Saud family, _________________.

Possible Answers:

the French placed Hashemites on the thrones of Iraq and Jordan

the Hashemite leadership went into hiding and haven't appeared publicly since

the Hashemites were diffused throughout the Middle East and incorporated into other tribes, ceasing to exist as a separate entity

the British placed Hashemites on the thrones of Iraq and Jordan

the Hashemites allied with the Americans and reconquered the Arabian peninsula

Correct answer:

the British placed Hashemites on the thrones of Iraq and Jordan

Explanation:

The Saud and Hashemite families struggled for control of the Arabian peninsula for centuries. In the early 1900s, the Sauds were able to overthrow and exile the Hashemites.

The British, who had been close allies of both the Sauds and Hashemites, placed Hashemite kings on the thrones of ex-British protectorates Jordan and Iraq.

The Hashemites never lost their tribal identity, even if they lost their ancestral homeland.

Although the Hashemite king of Iraq was eventually overthrown, to this day the King of Jordan is a Hashemite.

Example Question #22 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

Hitler's "Hunger Plan" sought to ____________________.

Possible Answers:

alleviate the allied blockade of Germany by flying in food from allies in Japan and Italy

starve the Arab population of German occupied North Africa

starve the Jewish population of German cities

starve the Roma population of the German countryside

starve the Soviet population under German military occupation

Correct answer:

starve the Soviet population under German military occupation

Explanation:

The German "Hunger Plan" was a plot to starve the population of the Soviet Union so that they could be replaced by ethnic Germans.

Jews and Roma in both Germany and the Soviet Union were specifically targeted by the Nazi regime, but the Hunger Plan targeted the entirety of the Soviet population with the exception of certain ethnic Germans already living in the area.

The Third Reich never attempted to starve the Arab populations in North Africa.

By the time that the Allies had a successful blockade of Nazi Germany, Italy had already surrendered, and Japan was too far away to ever coordinate with Germany.

Example Question #21 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The beginning of World War I pitted six main powers against each other in two main blocs, ________________.

Possible Answers:

an independent Prussia, the Ottoman Empire, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, vs Britain, France, and Russia.

the United States, Britain, and France, vs the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Germany.

Turkey, Germany, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, vs Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.

Italy, Portugal, and Japan, vs Serbia, Montenegro, and Australia.

the Ottoman Empire, Germany, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, vs Britain, France, and Russia

Correct answer:

the Ottoman Empire, Germany, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, vs Britain, France, and Russia

Explanation:

The beginning of World War I pitted Britain, France, and Russia, against the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Germany.

Neither Turkey nor the Soviet Union existed at the beginning of the 1st World War.

Prussia was not independent during the 1st World War, it had been subsumed by a unified Germany in the 19th century.

The United States did send a large force to fight in the 1st World War, but only in 1917, years after it began.

Italy, Portugal, Japan, Serbia, Montenegro, and Australia were all involved in the 1st World War, but due to the small amount of their troops involved, the minuscule number of battles they fought, and the fact that the Australians especially fought under the auspices of Great Britain, none of those countries were the main powers involved in the war.

Example Question #24 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The International Brigades were soldiers from various countries who ______________________.

Possible Answers:

fought for Britain during the Falklands War

fought on the side of the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War

fought on the side of the Falangists during the Spanish Civil War

fought for the French resistance during World War II

fought for the United States during the World War I

Correct answer:

fought on the side of the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War

Explanation:

The International Brigades were soldiers from various countries who fought on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War.

The International Brigades fought against the Falangists, who were aided by Italian and German fascists.

The International Brigades did not fight for the Americans during the First World War, the French during the 2nd, or the British during the Falklands war.

Example Question #25 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What was one of the main causes of the 1905 Russo-Japanese War?

Possible Answers:

Dispute over Japan's alliance with Great Britain

Dispute over control of Manchuria and Korea

Dispute over who should become the next emperor of Japan

Dispute over Russian laws that banned Japanese immigration to Siberia

Dispute over fishing rights in the Northern Pacific Ocean

Correct answer:

Dispute over control of Manchuria and Korea

Explanation:

The 1905 Russo-Japanese War was fought by the Russian and Japanese Empires over which country should have influence in both the Chinese territory of Manchuria and Korea. Japan and Russia were one of several Great Powers who took advantages of weaknesses in the Chinese and Korean governments to carve out spheres of influence in the two countries. Japan's victory in the war cemented its status as a Great Power in East Asia. It also helped to cause the Russian Revolution of 1905 which limited the powers of Czar Nicholas II. 

Example Question #26 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What was the main reason that Russia became involved in World War I?

Possible Answers:

Dispute with Germany over Russian rule of Finland and the Baltic states

Dispute with Austria-Hungary over who should have influence over Balkan countries like Serbia

Dispute with Germany and Austria-Hungary over who should rule Poland

Dispute with Great Britain over who should have a sphere of influence in Persia

Dispute with the Ottoman Empire over the status of Eastern Orthodox Christians who lived inside the Ottoman Empire

Correct answer:

Dispute with Austria-Hungary over who should have influence over Balkan countries like Serbia

Explanation:

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Russia and Austria-Hungary had a heated rivalry over which country should be the predominant power in the Balkan peninsula. The Russian Czars saw themselves as the protectors of the Eastern Orthodox Christians who made up most of the population of the Balkans. When a Serbian nationalist assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in 1914, Russia supported Serbia when Austria-Hungary declared war on the small country. These actions helped to trigger the series of alliances between the Great Powers and led to the outbreak of the First World War.

Example Question #22 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

Each of the following areas of pre-World War I Russia were ceded to the Germans under the terms of the 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk except ___________________.

Possible Answers:

Poland

Lithuania

Kazakhstan

Estonia

Ukraine

Correct answer:

Kazakhstan

Explanation:

The 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty between Germany and Soviet Russia that ended Russia's involvement in World War I. Soviet Russia was forced to cede huge tracts of its pre-war western territories as part of the treaty. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was repudiated after Germany surrendered to the Western Allies in November 1918, but most of the territories, such as Poland, that Russia surrendered remained independent after World War I.   

Example Question #23 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The Marshall Plan sought to reshape what area of the world?

Possible Answers:

Central Asia

Japan

Europe

North Africa

The Middle East

Correct answer:

Europe

Explanation:

The Marshall Plan, which was presented in 1947 in the aftermath of World War II, sought to reshape and rebuild much of Europe. As the United States had emerged form World War II as a global and economic superpower and was largely unfazed economically at home it was in a strong position to invest in and help rebuild Europe. It also sought to thwart communism in Europe and succeeded in turning France, the UK, and Germany into strong United States' allies.

Example Question #24 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What infamous attacks began the United States' War on Terror?

Possible Answers:

World Trade Center attack in 1993

Pearl Harbor attack in 1941

World Trade Center attack in 2001

Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995

Correct answer:

World Trade Center attack in 2001

Explanation:

The attacks that launched the War on Terror were the 9/11 attacks coordinated by Osama Bin Laden and the Taliban. These attacks occurred on September 11, 2001. None of the other mentioned attacks led to the officially named War on Terror; however, the attacks of Pearl Harbor did lead to American involvement in World War II.

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