AP World History : War and Civil Conflict 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The invasion of what country led to the beginning of World War II?

Possible Answers:

Czech Republic

Belgium

Poland

France

Correct answer:

Poland

Explanation:

It wasn't until the invasion of Poland in 1939 that the Allied powers began to undertake active opposition to Nazi growth, thus launching the beginning of World War II. Neither France nor Belgium had been invaded yet. Earlier in 1939 had Czechoslovakia been invaded by the Nazis but the Allies had not intervened yet.

Example Question #32 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What dictator was in charge of Iraq during the United States 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom?

Possible Answers:

Osama Bin Laden

Hussein Muhammed

Zarkawi

Saddam Hussein

Correct answer:

Saddam Hussein

Explanation:

Saddam Hussein was the dictator of Iraq when the United States launched Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. While Zarkawi became a key leader in leading attacks against the American forces, he was not an official dictator of Iraq. Osama Bin Laden was a major figure in Afghanistan around the same time, but was not an officially designated member of the government. 

Example Question #33 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What war heavily featured trench warfare?

Possible Answers:

World War II

Vietnam War

World War I

War on Terror

Correct answer:

World War I

Explanation:

It was War World I that relied heavily on trench warfare. Because of this type of warfare, this conflict was very deadly, costing the lives of many. The Vietnam War and the War on Terror featured the use of guerrilla warfare.

Example Question #34 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What was the shortest military involvements of the United States in the Middle East in the early 1990s?

Possible Answers:

War on Terror

Operation Iraqi Freedom

Yom Kippur War

Persian Gulf War

Correct answer:

Persian Gulf War

Explanation:

The Persian Gulf War stands as one of the shortest American military involvements in the Middle East in the early 1990s. The War on Terror is still ongoing and Operation Iraqi Freedom officially lasted longer than the Persian Gulf War. Finally, the Yom Kippur War was between Israel and Arab states.

Example Question #35 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

What war involved France and a colony under its control through the years of 1954-1962?

Possible Answers:

Russian War

Senegalese War

Algerian War

Franco-Tunisian War

Correct answer:

Algerian War

Explanation:

None of the other mentioned wars took place. During the years 1954-1962, France was involved in a war against those in Algeria who wanted independence from their imperial colonizer, France. The was was concluded with Algeria's independence. 

Example Question #36 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The Treaty of Portsmouth brought to an end the hostilities of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Boxer Rebellion

the Pacific theatre of World War Two

the Chinese Revolution

the Russo-Japanese War

the Sino-Japanese War

Correct answer:

the Russo-Japanese War

Explanation:

The Treaty of Portsmouth brought to an end the hostilities of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). It led to the formal recognition of Japan’s emergence as an imperial power and control over Korea and Manchuria, as well as the temporary suspension of Russian territorial ambitions in the Far East.

Example Question #37 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

Britain and France finally declared war on Nazi Germany after __________.

Possible Answers:

the remilitarization of the Rhineland

the annexation of Austria

Hitler implemented the Holocaust

the invasion of Czechoslovakia

the invasion of Poland

Correct answer:

the invasion of Poland

Explanation:

Much of the buildup to the Second World War was marked by the deliberate attempts of Britain and France to prevent war by conceding to Hitler’s demands. This policy is known as “appeasement” and, obviously, it failed. Hitler first remilitarized the Rhineland, then he annexed Austria, before conquering the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia. Each of these actions led to stern condemnation, but no declaration of war. Finally, however, with the German invasion of Poland on September 1st 1939, Britain and France declared war.

Example Question #36 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed between __________.

Possible Answers:

Japan and Germany

Germany and the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union and Ukraine

The Soviet Union and Japan

Germany and Poland

Correct answer:

Germany and the Soviet Union

Explanation:

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a nonaggression pact signed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939. It also included secret provisions for the division of Poland between the two powers. Nazi Germany violated the pact in 1941 when it invaded Soviet occupied Poland.

Example Question #38 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The Cuban Missile Crisis was resolved when the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw nuclear weapons from Cuba in exchange for the United States removing its nuclear weapons from __________.

Possible Answers:

Japan

Britain

West Germany

Poland

Turkey

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

The Cuban Missile Crisis began when the United States government became aware that the Soviet Union was putting ballistic missiles in Cuba. It is generally considered to be the closest that the two major powers came to nuclear confrontation during the Cold War. The crisis was resolved when the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its missiles from Cuba in exchange for the United States withdrawing its missiles from Turkey.

Example Question #31 : War And Civil Conflict 1900 To Present

The Long March was instrumental in the rise to power of which of these twentieth century rulers?

Possible Answers:

Emperor Hirohito

Josef Stalin

Mao Zedong

Pol Pot

Fidel Castro

Correct answer:

Mao Zedong

Explanation:

The Long March was instrumental in the rise to power of Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong. It took place during the Chinese Civil War between the communists and the nationalists. At the time, the nationalists were winning, and the communists undertook the Long March to escape the forces of the nationalist army. The march led to Mao's coronation as the undisputed head of the communist forces and inspired thousands of young men to join the communist cause.

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