AP World History : Economic History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Sogdians were influential __________.

Possible Answers:

in Indian Ocean trade

in the spread of Islam in West Africa

in the Ottoman conquest of Asia Minor and southeast Europe

in the spread of Christianity in East Africa

in Silk Road trade

Correct answer:

in Silk Road trade

Explanation:

The Sogdians lived in Central Asia during the classical and medieval periods. Their most important city was Samarkand. The Sogdians were an important merchant society and were incredibly influential in the trade along the Silk Road from China to the Middle East.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which of these most accurately describes a "latifundium"?

Possible Answers:

A military formation designed to impose discipline, used in Classical Rome

An electoral body designated with the task of choosing consuls and tribunes in the Roman Republic

A vote of impeachment against an incumbent consul in Ancient Rome

A dictatorial ruler in Ancient Rome

A large estate or plantation in Ancient Rome, usually worked by slaves

Correct answer:

A large estate or plantation in Ancient Rome, usually worked by slaves

Explanation:

A "latifundium" was an extensive agricultural estate in Ancient Rome. They were usually worked by slaves drawn from the ranks of the vanquished foes of the Roman Republic. They existed in many territories conquered by Rome as a means of organizing the large scale production of crops like grain and olives.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Slavery and serfdom were ended in China during the reign of __________.

Possible Answers:

Chiang Kai-Shek

Wudi

Qin Shi Huangdi

Wu Zetian

Yu the Great

Correct answer:

Qin Shi Huangdi

Explanation:

Slavery and serfdom were ended in China during the reign of Qin Shi Huangdi around 220 BCE.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

What is the economic system primarily practiced in Europe with highly stratified social classes that depended upon a complex system of indentured labor and political alliances?

Possible Answers:

Feudalism

Manorialism

Socialism

Capitalism

Collectivism

Correct answer:

Manorialism

Explanation:

Manorialism is the economic system dependent upon serfdom, indentured labor, and the complex political network of alliances of Feudalism. Feudalism in Europe was a class system within which the specifically economic system of Manorialism developed.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Select the social class that most benefited from the economic shakeup which occurred in the wake of the Black Death’s devastation.

Possible Answers:

Peasants 

Large-scale landowners 

Farmers and agricultural laborers 

Skilled artisans 

Correct answer:

Skilled artisans 

Explanation:

The Black Death’s massive death toll – estimates say that as much as two-fifths of Europe’s population was wiped out – had a correspondingly massive impact upon the region’s economy. Farms were no longer producing nearly as much food, whole tracts of land were left untended, and large landowners found themselves left with a severely diminished and weakened workforce. Yet in the midst of all the chaos and confusion, a few social sectors were able to glean some benefits – especially skilled artisans, who were responsible for producing finished products such as furniture, clothes, tools, jewelry, and other hard-to-make items. Many Europeans were eager to remove their minds from their sufferings and so they began to turn increasingly towards luxury products as a way of affirming their tenuous grip upon life. This new trend enabled skilled artisans to charge more for their services, as the demand for their goods increased and their societal prestige rose in accordance with their declining numbers. Their specialized knowledge also became more highly prized; every artisan who succumbed to the plague took a mental treasure trove of craftsmanship techniques and tricks with him into the grave.

Example Question #11 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems

What was a jizya?

Possible Answers:

A sailing ship used to transport goods in the Indian Ocean

A fighting force comprised of Christians living under Islamic rule

A tax levied on non-Muslim residents of a Muslim country

A defensive fortification used by the Persian Empire

A governor appointed to oversee the administration of satraps in the Persian Empire

Correct answer:

A tax levied on non-Muslim residents of a Muslim country

Explanation:

A jizya has historically been the name given to a yearly tax levied against non-Muslim residents of an Islamic country. Most famously it was used by the Ottoman Empire to collect taxes from their non-Muslim population.

Example Question #2 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Which African King is most frequently remembered for his extravagant pilgrimage to Mecca in the fourteenth century?

Possible Answers:

Haile Selassie

Mansa Musa

Ahmed al-Mansour

Shaka

Askia

Correct answer:

Mansa Musa

Explanation:

Mansa Musa was the tenth “Mansa” of Mali Empire in the fourteenth century. He is most frequently remembered for his extraordinary wealth, derived from gold, and his extravagant pilgrimage to Mecca. By some estimates Mansa Musa was the wealthiest relative person in human history - during his pilgrimage to Mecca he gave away so much gold that he devalued the price of gold in Egypt and nearly devastated the Egyptian economy.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Feudalism emerged in Japan at the beginning of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Kamakura period

Edo period

Muromachi period

Heian period

Nara period

Correct answer:

Kamakura period

Explanation:

Feudalism emerged in Japan in the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, at the beginning of the Kamakura period. The Kamakura period began with victory for the Minamoto clan in the Taira-Minamoto war. They established a feudal system, with a Shogun at the top, and a group of landowning Daimyos who pledged their allegiance to the Shogun.

 

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

During the medieval era, guilds commonly did all of the following except __________.

Possible Answers:

set fixed prices

maintained monopolies

set quality standards

provided pensions

sold shares

Correct answer:

sold shares

Explanation:

Guilds emerged in Europe during the medieval era as a type of labor union. Guilds were comprised of members of the same skilled occupation (for example, blacksmith). These guild members would work together to maintain monopolies, establish price and quality controls, and provide pensions to retired members. One thing they did not do was sell shares, this was an innovation of joint-stock corporations during the era of European colonialism.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these was a notable difference between feudalism in Europe and Japan during the medieval era?

Possible Answers:

Japanese feudalism was centered around wealthy landowners, whereas European feudalism was centered around powerful warlords.

Japanese feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas European feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

There were no major differences between European and Japanese feudalism.

European feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas Japanese feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

European feudalism was centered around wealthy landowners, whereas Japanese feudalism was centered around powerful warlords.

Correct answer:

European feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas Japanese feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

Explanation:

The European and Japanese feudal systems, developed in isolation from one another, were remarkably similar to one another. The only major difference between the two institutions was that in Europe, the feudal arrangement between landowner and knight/peasant was contractually reinforced, whereas in Japan the arrangement was based solely on a sense of honor and loyalty.

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