AP Human Geography : Urban Planning & Design

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #91 : Cities & Urban Land Use

Who wrote the famous geographical work Image of the City?

Possible Answers:

Immanuel Kant

Al Idrisi

Alexander von Humboldt

Carl Ritter

Kevin Lynch

Correct answer:

Kevin Lynch

Explanation:

The famous geographical work Image of the City was published by Kevin Lynch in 1960. It concerns how an individual perceives the city that they live in based on their experience of five main categories - paths, edges, districts, landmarks, and nodes.

Example Question #12 : Social Spaces

A coffee shop and an ice-cream shop are often found on the same block, in close proximity. This is an example of __________.

Possible Answers:

deglomeration

an export-processing zone

agglomeration

purchasing-power parity

Correct answer:

agglomeration

Explanation:

Agglomeration is best exemplified in the modern shopping mall, wherein stores are clumped to take advantage of like-minded shoppers who may walk out of one store and be attracted to another. Coffee shops and ice cream shops tend to clump on blocks with the marketing strategy that customers may leave the coffee shop and want ice cream, or may decide against ice cream for coffee or mochas, or vice versa. Deglomeration is the opposite: the spreading out of formerly clustered industries that occurs when staying together becomes too expensive or cramped. An export processing zone is a maquiladora: a region set up specifically to lure factories. Purchasing-power parity is an equation used to compare the value of a certain good in two different countries.

Example Question #91 : Cities & Urban Land Use

This architectural movement emerged in opposition to modern architecture.

Possible Answers:

Poststructural

Baroque

Transmodern

Transcendental

Postmodern

Correct answer:

Postmodern

Explanation:

The modern architectural movement emphasized efficiency and disregarded anything deemed frivolous or unnecessary. This movement dominated for much of the second-half of the twentieth century. Postmodern architecture has emerged in recent years in opposition to modern architecture. It tries to recapture architectural themes from before the modern period and incorporates aesthetically-pleasing buildings.

Example Question #91 : Cities & Urban Land Use

Above everything else, urban planners who were inspired by modern architecture wanted to emphasize __________ in their cities.

Possible Answers:

Patriotism

Cordiality

Culture

Religious devotion

Efficiency

Correct answer:

Efficiency

Explanation:

Cities that were inspired by the modern architecture movement tended to emphasize efficiency above everything else. The imposing geometric glass and concrete buildings were meant to impose a feeling of futuristic industry and efficiency, in which little labor or money is wasted on artistic or aesthetic detail.

Example Question #761 : Ap Human Geography

Which South American city is considered a prototypical example of a city inspired by the modern architecture movement of the twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

Recife

Manaus

Santiago

Brasilia

Salvador 

Correct answer:

Brasilia

Explanation:

Brasilia, the capital city of Brazil, was designed and built in the mid-twentieth century. With its imposing geometric glass buildings and concrete structures it is the prototypical example of a city inspired by the modern architecture movement.

Example Question #92 : Cities & Urban Land Use

Which of these is not one of the five categories that Lynch considers as having an impact on an individual’s perception of a city?

Possible Answers:

Landmarks

Districts

Nodes

Paths

Parks

Correct answer:

Parks

Explanation:

In collecting research for his seminal work Image of the City (1960), Kevin Lynch determined that there were five main categories that affect an individual’s perception of the city that they live in. Those five main categories were paths, districts, nodes, landmarks, and edges. “Parks” would probably fit under the category of landmarks.

Example Question #761 : Ap Human Geography

This city’s wide streets and national monuments are prototypical of the “Beaux arts movement.”

Possible Answers:

Barcelona

Paris

Amsterdam

Edinburgh

Copenhagen

Correct answer:

Paris

Explanation:

The “Beaux arts movement” was most influential in Paris, and other cities greatly influenced by French culture. Paris’ wide boulevards and prominent national monuments are classic examples of the “Beaux arts movement” which was so popular in nineteenth century European architecture.

Example Question #93 : Cities & Urban Land Use

Which of these best describes the priorities of the American City Beautiful movement?

Possible Answers:

To improve sanitation and educational facilities

To provide a higher standard of living to the working class

To impose order on the chaotic urban sprawl

To provide a higher standard of living to the middle class

To better integrate agricultural regions with urban centers

Correct answer:

To impose order on the chaotic urban sprawl

Explanation:

The American City Beautiful movement, which took off in the second-half of the nineteenth century was primarily concerned with imposing order on the chaotic urban sprawl. The population of American cities had grown dramatically in recent years and many urban planners wanted to rectify the problems they identified with urban layout. The primary motivation was to make cities more orderly.

Example Question #771 : Ap Human Geography

This American city is well known for its attempts to incorporate “new urbanism” into its urban design?

Possible Answers:

Bangor, Maine

Little Rock, Arkansas

Sacramento, California

Houston, Texas

Portland, Oregon

Correct answer:

Portland, Oregon

Explanation:

“New urbanism” emphasizes sustainable urban growth and community development in urban areas. Proponents of “new urbanism” decry the negative effects of suburbanization on the environment and on human society and seek to create urban environments that are more friendlier to pedestrians, less dependent on cars, and that promote greater community interaction.

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