AP Human Geography : Social Spaces

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Social Spaces

The main housing unit in suburban neighborhoods is __________.

Possible Answers:

large public housing complexes

high-rise condominium

multiple-unit apartment buildings

the single-family house

mixed-use complexes

Correct answer:

the single-family house

Explanation:

The defining feature of suburbs, and the appeal for many people who move to them, is that they are dominated by single-family houses. This means suburbs, outer districts of urban areas, have lower population density and higher overall per capita wealth. These factors also lead to better government services and higher quality of local education.

Example Question #1 : Transportation & Utility Infrastructure

What is the difference between a basic industry and a nonbasic industry?

Possible Answers:

Basic industries export to consumers outside of the area, while nonbasic industries cater to consumers within the same area.

Basic industries cater to consumers within the same area, while nonbasic industries export to consumers outside of the area.

Basic industries take finished parts and produce the final products, while nonbasic industries only work with raw materials.

Basic industries only work with raw materials, while nonbasic industries take finished parts and produce the final products.

Nonbasic industries become basic industries once they have been established for ten years.

Correct answer:

Basic industries export to consumers outside of the area, while nonbasic industries cater to consumers within the same area.

Explanation:

Basic industries bring in money from the outside while, a nonbasic industry involves services within the community. An example of a basic industry would be a car factory, while an example of a nonbasic industry would be a local hospital.

Example Question #1 : Urban Planning & Design

Which of these men designed the modern Brazilian capital of Brasilia?

Possible Answers:

Edward W. Soja

Daniel Burnham

Frank Lloyd Wright

Edmund Bacon

Oscar Niemeyer.

Correct answer:

Oscar Niemeyer.

Explanation:

The Brazilian capital city “Brasilia” was designed by Oscar Niemeyer. Brasilia is a city designed in the style of modern architecture.

Example Question #2 : Social Spaces

Urban environments inspired by postmodern architecture primarily differ from urban environments inspired by modern architecture in that __________.

Possible Answers:

they incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings

they feature a greater emphasis on futuristic and industrious designs

they focus on economic efficiency and human convenience

None of these answers are accurate.

they feature smaller neighborhoods and more wide-open spaces

Correct answer:

they incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings

Explanation:

Urban environments that are inspired by postmodern architecture tend to incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings than those inspired by modern architecture. Postmodern architecture decries the modern architectural emphasis on efficiency and industry; instead postmodern architecture tries to design buildings that are visually pleasing to human beings and provide modern humans with a link to their past.

Example Question #751 : Ap Human Geography

The American City Beautiful movement emerged from the __________  nineteenth-century Europe.

Possible Answers:

Transcendental movement of

Beaux arts movement in

Impressionist movement in

Urban Expansion movement of

Baroque style of

Correct answer:

Beaux arts movement in

Explanation:

The American City Beautiful movement emerged from the “Beaux arts movement” of nineteenth-century Europe. The “Beaux arts movement” emphasized wide-open spaces and national monuments and was particularly influential in Paris. The American City Beautiful movement was an American adaptation of this European ideal.

Example Question #1 : Social Spaces

Which of these European capitals is often referred to as the quintessential European-style “Medieval city?”

Possible Answers:

Athens

Madrid

Prague

Berlin

Paris

Correct answer:

Prague

Explanation:

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is a city that very much fits the style of the prototypical Medieval city. It has ornate cathedrals and lavish churches, narrow and winding streets, imposing buildings and architecture, and remnants of defensive fortifications. In terms of it's urban planning and it's aesthetic design features Prague perfectly fits the mould of a European Medieval city.

Example Question #1 : Urban Planning & Design

The area in which an individual moves about within a city in any given day is known as that individual’s __________.

Possible Answers:

area of contact

movement zone

zone of control

action space

travel shape

Correct answer:

action space

Explanation:

An “action space” is the area of a city in which an individual, or a group of individuals, move about within any given day. In a large city this might include where the individual lives, where they work, where they stop to pick up coffee, the subway station they take to get home, and so on.

Example Question #81 : Cities & Urban Land Use

Which of the following is best described as an urban planning movement that emerged in opposition to suburbanization?

Possible Answers:

Postmodernism

Modernism

Futurism

Re-urbanism

New urbanism

Correct answer:

New urbanism

Explanation:

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” emerged in the late twentieth century in opposition to the negative effects of suburbanization on human interaction and the environment. Proponents of “new urbanism” contend that suburbanization causes humans to be too dependent on their cars and that it creates a society with loose community bonds.

Example Question #1 : Urban Planning & Design

Following a fire in the nineteenth century, which of these American cities was completely redesigned in the style of the American City Beautiful movement?

Possible Answers:

San Francisco

Los Angeles

Chicago

Baltimore

New York City

Correct answer:

Chicago

Explanation:

The Great Chicago Fire took place in 1871 and destroyed a large portion of the city. The city was rebuilt in the image of the American City Beautiful movement.

Example Question #1 : Social Spaces

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” is primarily concerned with __________.

Possible Answers:

promoting community development and sustainability

incorporating aesthetically-pleasing architectural forms

emphasizing efficiency and patriotism

encouraging suburbanization

adapting classical styles of architecture

Correct answer:

promoting community development and sustainability

Explanation:

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” seeks to discourage surbanization. “New urbanism” seeks to encourage local community development and sustainable growth in an urban area. Advocates of “new urbanism” would argue for greater accessibility for pedestrians in cities and a reduced dependency on cars and highways.

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