AP Art History : Ancient Through Medieval 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Ap Art History

The technique of mixing pigment and egg yolk before applying it to a moistened plaster surface is called what?

Possible Answers:

Fresco-secco

Tempera

Buon Fresco

Chiaroscuro

Encaustic painting

Correct answer:

Fresco-secco

Explanation:

Fresco-secco, or dry fresco painting, uses water-based pigment mixed with egg to paint a dry plaster surface that has only been moistened. This is not true fresco, or buon fresco, because in a true fresco the plaster would still be wet. Fresco painting was popular in Classical Greece.

Example Question #1 : Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

Encaustic painting, a popular technique for Greek painters, can most basically be broken down into which of the following three steps?

Possible Answers:

Heat beeswax, add colored pigment, apply to wood surface.

Add pigment to water, mix egg yolk, apply to dry plaster.

Add pigment to water, mix egg yolk, apply to wet plaster.

Mix pigment and water, add beeswax, cool and let dry. 

Mix oils and pigments, apply to wood, heat to dry.

Correct answer:

Heat beeswax, add colored pigment, apply to wood surface.

Explanation:

The main ingredient of encaustic painting is beeswax, and the mixture is most often applied to wood, though it has other uses. Egg-yolk pigments are a characteristic of fresco, not encaustic painting.

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

A "tessera" is the main element in creating a __________.

Possible Answers:

mural

mosaic

fresco

stained glass window

Correct answer:

mosaic

Explanation:

Mosaics were one of the more common artistic forms of Ancient Greek and Roman art, being featured as key decorative elements in buildings on walls and floors. The key element of a mosaic is a "tessera" (plural "tesserae"), a Latin term for the small piece of stone or glass which is put together with others to make the much larger image of a full mosaic.

Example Question #1 : Analyzing The Form Of 2 D Visual Art

The kind of artwork that features many pieces of glass or tile arranged into a portrait or other image is called a __________.

Possible Answers:

diptych

mural

mosaic

devotional

fresco

Correct answer:

mosaic

Explanation:

While "mosaic" is a very broad term, it refers to any artwork made by assembling together small pieces of glass and tile. Roman artists and architects frequently used mosaics to create artwork in homes and buildings, and these were frequently realistic depictions of people or landscapes. Mosaics are still used by artists today, but can often take on abstract forms.

Example Question #1 : 2 D Art

In general, what is the art style of the Romans and Greeks referred to as?

Possible Answers:

Art nouveau

Realism 

Ancient art 

Classical art

Correct answer:

Classical art

Explanation:

Roman and Greek styles of art are referred to as Classical Art. Classical art is known for its simplicity, humanism and naturally beautiful style.

Example Question #1 : 2 D Art

_______________ refers to the representation of sequential moments in a story in a single image.

Possible Answers:

Continuous narrative

Abbreviated narrative

Collapsed narrative 

Directional narrative

Correct answer:

Continuous narrative

Explanation:

In a continuous narrative, sequential moments of a narrative or story are depicted in a single scene. This type of image is used to tell a whole story within a single image instead of through separate images. A continuous narrative often is distinguished by the reappearance of a single character or characters multiple times within the image.

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

The ________ of proportions allowed the Greeks to create idealized depictions of the human form.

Possible Answers:

canon

table

ratio

scale

body

Correct answer:

canon

Explanation:

The term to remember is "canon," as it directly refers to the proportion principles employed by both the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Egyptians.

"Scale" was given as an option to throw off the test-taker; though scale of proportions fits into the sentence quite well, "canon" is the art history term used (for example, we say that paintings are of nude figures, not naked figures).

"Ratio" cannot be the answer since that is a synonym for "proportion." Body does not fit the sentence at all. Table would work, but it is not the answer for the same reason that scale is not.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

The most complete trove of provincial Roman panel paintings, often made by Greek painters and found in Egypt, are known as __________.

Possible Answers:

the Pitsa panels

the Fayum mummy portraits

the Severan Tondo

the Aldobrandini Wedding

Correct answer:

the Fayum mummy portraits

Explanation:

Most paintings from the classical world are lost, due to withering away and fading over time, unless they were in conditions that preserved them. The Fayum mummy portraits are the best collection of ancient portraits because they laid for centuries underground in the dry deserts of Egypt. While the creation of mummy portraits is descended from ancient Egyptian mummy practices, the Fayum portraits were typically painted by Greek artists for Roman patrons in Egypt, after Rome had accessioned Ptolemaic Egypt, following the Battle of Actium.

Example Question #2 : 2 D Art

Of what material is classical Greek sculpture most likely made?

Possible Answers:

Granite

None of the other answers is correct.

Cement

Marble

Limestone

Correct answer:

Marble

Explanation:

The answer is marble; you must first identify that the Greek tradition is where marble is a prominent material for sculpture and architecture. You must also recognize that limestone, the other major building material of the Greek architectural tradition, would not have been used for sculpture as much as for large-scale architectural ventures.

Example Question #1 : Ap Art History

Clothing portrayed in Greek sculpture that shows off the female figure without the woman in question appearing nude is a form of what kind of drapery?

Possible Answers:

Lysippian

Phidian

Athenian

Near Eastern

Classical

Correct answer:

Phidian

Explanation:

Phidian, a term which refers to work in the style of the sculptor Phidias, is known for his use of drapery to highlight the female form, which was not allowed to be shown in the nude.

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