### All ACT Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #41 : Percentage

A manager of a pizzeria has five people on his staff. Three are full-time staff, each of whom received a starting salary of $25,000 annually for 40 hours of work per week. Each year they have worked at the pizzeria, their pay increases by 7%. Sally has worked at the pizzeria for one year, Nancy for two years and John for three years. The other two employees are part-time and are paid $8.25 per hour. Irene works 1,000 hours per year and Andrew works 700 hours per year. What is the pizzeria’s cost per year for staff salaries?

**Possible Answers:**

$96,872.50

$86,025

$92,525.50

$84,275

$94,397.50

**Correct answer:**

$94,397.50

It is important to remember that the employees who receive an annual increase (Sally, Nancy and John), receive the 7% increase based on the salary from the year before.

If you answered $89,025, you did not account for the 7% increase in salary for Nancy and John.

If you answered $89,525, you did not increase John's salary by 7% for the third year ($26,750 * 7% = $1,872.50 --- $1,872.50 + $26,750 = $28,622.50).

If you answered $91,275, you did not account for the 7% to be applied to John's second year salary; rather, you added the dollar increase ($1750) that he received between his first and second year and added it to his second year salary.

If you answered $93,872.50, you accounted for both part-time employees working 1,000 hours. Therefore, the correct answer is $94,397.50.

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Percent Of Increase

Ben and Sam have a furniture design business. The first year they earn $10,000 in profits. The second year they earn $12,000 in profits. What is the percentage increase in profit between year one and two?

**Possible Answers:**

2%

10%

25%

12%

20%

**Correct answer:**

20%

Percentage Increase = (Year Two Profit – Year One Profit) / Year One Profit

= ($12,000 - $10,000) / $10,000 = $2000 / $10,000 = .2 = 20%

### Example Question #2 : Percent Of Change

Truck A has a length of 8'3" (8 ft. and 3 inches). Truck B has a length of 14'5".

What is the percentage increase in length going from Truck A to Truck B?

**Possible Answers:**

66.53

79.11

74.74

35.42

**Correct answer:**

74.74

Find a common unit—in this case it is inches. The increase is from 99” to 173”. To find the percentage increase we find the difference and then divide by the length of Truck A.

or 74.74%

### Example Question #1 : Percent Of Change

Danielle has two jobs. Her retail job pays her $8.50 per hour and she works 20 hours per week in that job. Her office job pays her $12 per hour and she works 15 hours per week in the office. If she starts working an extra 10 hours a week at her office job, what is her percentage increase in total weekly pay? Round to one decimal point.

**Possible Answers:**

40.0%

25.7%

33.4%

22.9%

34.3%

**Correct answer:**

34.3%

Pay = Hours worked x Rate per hour

Retail job = 20 x $8.50 = $170.00

Office job = 15 x $12.00 = $180.00

Current weekly pay = $170.00 + $180.00 = $350.00

Additional Office job hours = 10 x $12.00 = $120.00

Percentage Increase = $120 / $350 = .343 (rounded) --> 34.3%

### Example Question #1 : Percent Of Change

A university has students currently enrolled in its freshman class. Last year, there were only freshman enrolled at the school. By what percentage did the number of students in the freshman class increase?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To find the percentage increase, use the following formula:

Increased # of students this year / # of students last year

If there were students last year, and this year there are , the number of students increased by . Then, knowing this, you can find what percentage of the original number () represents.

Therefore:

The number of students increased by .

### Example Question #1 : Percent Of Change

Thurman is given . Each day, he gains on this dollar amount, then loses of his total each night. If Thurman gains no other money, what will eventually happen to the total amount of money?

**Possible Answers:**

It will increase linearly over time.

It will first decrease, then increase.

It will increase exponentially over time.

It will remain the same over time.

It will decrease over time.

**Correct answer:**

It will decrease over time.

To find out which option is correct, simply follow one complete cycle (that is to say, one day's worth of actions).

We will use to represent the initial amount.

**First, increase by .**

** Next, decrease by .**

So, after each cycle, the total amount of money decreases by . Eventually therefore, the money will run out.

### Example Question #1 : Percent Of Change

On a given day, the temperature ranges from a low of to a high of . What is the percent increase of temperature from the day's low to high temperature? Round to the nearest integer.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To find percent change, subtract the "old" amount from the "new" amount, then divide the result by the "old" amount. The result is a percent increase if positive and a percent decrease if negative.

Thus, there was a increase in temperature that day.

### Example Question #8 : How To Find The Percent Of Increase

What is the percent increase from of a number to of that same number?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To find percent change, subtract the "old" amount from the "new" amount, then divide the result by the "old" amount. The result is a percent increase if positive and a percent decrease if negative. In this case, don't forget :

### Example Question #9 : How To Find The Percent Of Increase

The price of a particular metal raises from to . What percent increase did the price see?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To find percent change, subtract the "old" amount from the "new" amount, then divide the result by the "old" amount. The result is a percent increase if positive and a percent decrease if negative.

### Example Question #10 : How To Find The Percent Of Increase

A particular stock gains on its price on Tuesday. On Wednesday, it loses of its new price. On Thursday, it gains on Wednesday's price. What is the percent increase at the close of business Thursday, compared to the opening price on Tuesday? Do not round until the final answer.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To find percent change, subtract the "old" amount from the "new" amount, then divide the result by the "old" amount. The result is a percent increase if positive and a percent decrease if negative. In this case, to keep our amount constantly compared to Tuesday, set Tuesday's price as a variable.

**On Tuesday, gain 20 percent.**

**On Wednesday, lose 12 percent (thus, multiply by 88 percent).**

**On Thursday, gain 4 percent.**

Thus, our final gain relative to Tuesday is .