### All ACT Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #5 : Isosceles Triangles

What is the area of an isosceles right triangle with a hypotenuse of ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Now, this is really your standard triangle. Since it is a right triangle, you know that you have at least one -degree angle. The other two angles must each be degrees, because the triangle is isosceles.

Based on the description of your triangle, you can draw the following figure:

This is derived from your reference triangle for the triangle:

For our triangle, we could call one of the legs . We know, then:

Thus, .

The area of your triangle is:

For your data, this is:

### Example Question #6 : Isosceles Triangles

What is the area of an isosceles right triangle with a hypotenuse of ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Now, this is really your standard triangle. Since it is a right triangle, you know that you have at least one -degree angle. The other two angles must each be degrees because the triangle is isosceles.

Based on the description of your triangle, you can draw the following figure:

This is derived from your reference triangle for the triangle:

For our triangle, we could call one of the legs . We know, then:

Thus, .

The area of your triangle is:

For your data, this is:

### Example Question #7 : Isosceles Triangles

What is the area of an isosceles right triangle with a hypotenuse of ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Now, this is really your standard triangle. Since it is a right triangle, you know that you have at least one -degree angle. The other two angles must each be degrees because the triangle is isosceles.

Based on the description of your triangle, you can draw the following figure:

This is derived from your reference triangle for the triangle:

For our triangle, we could call one of the legs . We know, then:

Thus, .

The area of your triangle is:

For your data, this is:

### Example Question #8 : Isosceles Triangles

is a right isosceles triangle with hypotenuse . What is the area of ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Right isosceles triangles (also called "45-45-90 right triangles") are special shapes. In a plane, they are exactly half of a square, and their sides can therefore be expressed as a ratio equal to the sides of a square and the square's diagonal:

, where is the hypotenuse.

In this case, maps to , so to find the length of a side (so we can use the triangle area formula), just divide the hypotenuse by :

So, each side of the triangle is long. Now, just follow your formula for area of a triangle:

Thus, the triangle has an area of .

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