# 3rd Grade Science : Climates Around the World

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #31 : Earth And Space Science

What does the term climate mean? Example: Due to the climate in the Northeast United States, residents can expect snow in January.

Weather conditions in an area over a short period of time

Weather conditions during a severe storm

The term used when someone is preparing to go mountain climbing

Weather conditions in an area over a long period of time

Weather conditions in an area over a long period of time

Explanation:

Weather and climate are two different terms but often confused. Climate refers to the weather conditions that are occurring in a specific area over a long time. The conditions have been studied every January for many years, and it is always snowy. Scientists and meteorologists can predict that the upcoming Januarys will be snowy based on this information.

### Example Question #32 : Earth And Space Science

Jackie has a homework assignment to obtain and combine information about world climates. She was assigned Phoenix, Arizona and Portland, Oregon as the climates to compare.

Which steps should Jackie take to obtain and combine information to compare the two climates?

Jackie should research each city online and write a paragraph comparing the two climate's similarities and differences. She can remember the information and repeat it from memory, so there is no need to record it.

Jackie should research each city online and record the climate information she finds, put the data into tables, and write a paragraph comparing the two climate's similarities and differences.

Jackie should watch each cities local weather, write down the forecast for the week, make the best guess at what the rest of the year will be, and write a paragraph comparing the two climate's similarities and differences.

Jackie should research each city online and record the climate information she finds, put the data into long sentences, and then draw pictures of Portland's winter weather.

Jackie should research each city online and record the climate information she finds, put the data into tables, and write a paragraph comparing the two climate's similarities and differences.

Explanation:

The best steps that Jackie should take to complete this assignment would first be to research each city online in detail and record the information about the climate. Her information needs to be from a credible source and cannot be something she makes up. After the collects, the information, an excellent way to combine it would be through a data table or chart. This is an excellent visual way to see the data. Finally, Jackie can compare and contrast the two cities and determine any similarities or differences between their climates.

### Example Question #1 : Climates Around The World

How could these two graphs about the precipitation and average temperatures be used to obtain information about climates?

The graphs can be used to plan activities and vacations. If someone wants to visit Tampa, these graphs are better for planning trips than they are for obtaining information about the climate.

The graphs can be used to look for patterns in the data. Patterns can be used for predictions of future weather conditions, but also there may be patterns or connections between temperature and rainfall.

The graphs can be used to look for similarities or differences in the amount of rain and the temperature. Someone could look for places where the temperature and rainfall are the same in a month.

The graphs cannot be used to obtain information about the climate. Those are two different pieces of weather data (precipitation and temperature), so there is nothing they can be used for together.

The graphs can be used to look for patterns in the data. Patterns can be used for predictions of future weather conditions, but also there may be patterns or connections between temperature and rainfall.

Explanation:

Obtaining and combining information about weather conditions is a way to gather information about the climate of different parts of the world. These graphs can be used to look for patterns. There may be connections between different months' temperature and precipitation, or there may be patterns within the months that can be used for predicting future weather. These graphs give valuable information that can be used for tracking, monitoring, and comparing.

### Example Question #2 : Climates Around The World

Scientists record patterns of the weather across different times and places to make predictions about what kind of weather might happen next.

False

True

True

Explanation:

This statement is true. Weather patterns are recorded and analyzed for trends and predictions. If scientists record information in a place over many years, they can find similarities or differences in the data that will help them predict what the weather will be like in that area for years to come. People rely on climate records to draw conclusions about the weather in an area.

### Example Question #3 : Climates Around The World

What conclusion can be made about the average temperature in Tampa, Florida, since the 1940s based on the graph provided?

The average temperature is declining.

The average temperature is remaining the same.

No conclusion can be made about the average temperature.

The average temperature is rising.

The average temperature is rising.

Explanation:

This graph is an excellent example of how obtaining data about weather conditions can help to provide information about the climate. The data is showing an increase in temperatures overtime in Tampa, Florida. Due to this trend, scientists can guess that the temperature will continue to increase over the upcoming decades as well. Using information obtained about weather or climate conditions can help with predictions about future patterns.

### Example Question #36 : Earth And Space Science

The graph below shows the average temperature in Tampa, Florida, by decade since the 1940s. Which prediction about the temperatures in the 2020s is supported by the data?

The temperature will continue on an upward trend, meaning it will be colder.

The temperature will continue on an upward trend, meaning it will be warmer.

The temperature will continue on a downward trend, meaning it will be warmer.

The temperature will continue on a downward trend, meaning it will be colder.

The temperature will continue on an upward trend, meaning it will be warmer.

Explanation:

This graph shows an increase in the average temperature from the 1940s until the 2010s. There are some decades where the temperature did drop lower, but overall there is an increase. The temperatures will likely continue their upwards descent, and it will be warmer in the 2020s. Graphs such as this one are an excellent tool for visually sharing complex data.

### Example Question #41 : Earth And Space Science

Justin is planning a vacation from his hometown of Los Angelos, California, to Greenland to visit the beautiful scenery. It will be winter in Greenland when he is there, so he has to figure out what to pack and wear. What is the best way for him to obtain this information?

Justin should look up the climate information for Greenland winters and pack based on this information.

There is no way for Justing to know for sure what the weather will be like, so he should just guess.

Justin should look at the current weather in Greenland and pack based on this information.

Justin should post a poll on his social media page and have friends pick his outfits.

Justin should look up the climate information for Greenland winters and pack based on this information.

Explanation:

For Justin's trip, he needs to know what the weather will be like during the winter in Greenland. If he looks at the current weather conditions and it is not immediately before his trip, he is likely to pack for the wrong season. Justin should not let his social media followers pick his outfits because they are probably unfamiliar with the climate of Greenland and would base opinions on appearance rather than the weather. Justin should look up what the climate is like during the winter in Greenland and get an idea of the average temperatures and precipitation rates. This would give him a picture of what to expect during the trip.

### Example Question #42 : Earth And Space Science

How could these two graphs about the precipitation and average temperatures in Tampa, Florida, be combined into one report?

In Tampa, Florida, during the winter months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month.

In Tampa, Florida, during the spring months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month.

In Tampa, Florida, during the fall months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month.

In Tampa, Florida, during the summer months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month.

In Tampa, Florida, during the summer months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month.

Explanation:

Obtaining and combining information about weather conditions is a way to gather information about the climate of different parts of the world. These graphs can be used to look for patterns. There may be connections between different months' temperature and precipitation, or there may be patterns within the months that can be used for predicting future weather. In Tampa, Florida, during the summer months, temperatures reach more than 75o F, and there are often more than six inches of rain on average each month is the correct answer. This answer choice uses data from both graphs to derive a pattern about the weather or climate of the area during a specific season.

### Example Question #221 : 3rd Grade Science

This graph shows the average amount of precipitation in inches in Omaha, Nebraska, since the 1940s. True or False: The average amount of rainfall has decreased since the 1940s.

False

True

False

Explanation:

This is a bar graph that is displaying data collected for the average precipitation amount in Omaha, Nebraska, over the last 80 years. This data is obtained through measurements and recorded daily to calculate the average for each month or year; in this instance, it is by decade. Over the years, an increase in the amount of precipitation is seen. There was a drop in the 1970s and again in the 2000s, but overall when comparing the 1940s to the 2010s, there is a definite increase. Due to the information provided by the graph, the statement in the question is false.

### Example Question #222 : 3rd Grade Science

Isla obtains all of the information she can about the climate in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She wants to organize it and display it in an easy to understand format. She collects information on their natural disasters, precipitation, temperatures, and humidity for each season of the year. What is the best format for Isla to display this information?

Isla should write it in an essay format.

Isla should create data tables to display all of the information.

She should display the information in graphs.

She should display the information in photographs.