3rd Grade Science : Describe climates in different regions of the world

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for 3rd Grade Science

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

How would you describe the temperature in an arctic climate (Nuuk, Greenland) compared to a tropical climate (Nosy Be, Madagascar)?

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Possible Answers:

The temperatures in an arctic climate are the same as those in a tropical climate.

The temperatures in an arctic climate are much higher than those in a tropical climate.

The temperatures in an arctic climate are much lower than those in a tropical climate.

There is no way to compare the two climates with just the temperature graphs provided.

Correct answer:

The temperatures in an arctic climate are much lower than those in a tropical climate.

Explanation:

Using data tables or graphs are an easy way to compare the climates of two different regions visually. An arctic environment is freezing, and on the y-axis, the highest average temperature is less than 50oF. When reviewing the graph for Madagascar, which is in a tropical climate, the temperature does not fall below 80oF, which is a big difference. Using this information, one can conclude that an arctic environment has much lower temperatures on average than a tropical climate.

Example Question #1 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

How would you describe the temperature in a tropical climate (Nosy Be, Madagascar) compared to a temperate climate (Omaha, Nebraska)?

Screen shot 2020 06 15 at 11.42.09 amScreen shot 2020 06 15 at 11.52.21 am

Possible Answers:

The tropical climate has higher temperatures that fluctuate more than those in a temperate climate.

The tropical climate has lower temperatures that fluctuate more than those in a temperate climate.

The tropical climate has higher temperatures that fluctuate less than those in a temperate climate.

The tropical climate has lower temperatures that fluctuate less than those in a temperate climate.

Correct answer:

The tropical climate has higher temperatures that fluctuate less than those in a temperate climate.

Explanation:

A tropical and temperate climate are very different from each other. The tropical climate is consistent, and temperatures only range from around 83oF t0 90oF, whereas in the temperate zone, there is a more significant fluctuation of temperatures from about 45oF to nearly 90oF. A tropical climate has higher temperatures than a temperate zone, and the temperatures do not vary as greatly.

Example Question #3 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

Which answer choice is the best description of the climate in a temperate zone based on the graphs provided?

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Possible Answers:

The climate in the temperate zone varies by month and season. The coldest months are mid-year, and this is also when it receives the least rainfall. The temperatures decrease in the fall and are at their highest in the winter. The same goes for the rain; there is an increase as it approaches winter.

The climate in the temperate zone varies by month and season. The warmest months are mid-year, and this is also when it receives the most rainfall. The temperatures decrease in the fall and are at their lowest in the winter. The same goes for the rain; there is a decrease as it approaches winter.

The climate in the temperate zone varies by month and season. The warmest months are mid-year, and this is also when it receives the least rainfall. The temperatures decrease in the fall and are at their lowest in the winter. The same goes for the rain; there is an increase as it approaches winter.

The climate in the temperate zone remains the same month and season. It is warm all year, and rainfall is steady throughout the year. The temperatures do have a slight decrease in the fall and are at their highest in the winter. The same goes for the rain; there is a decrease as it approaches winter.

Correct answer:

The climate in the temperate zone varies by month and season. The warmest months are mid-year, and this is also when it receives the most rainfall. The temperatures decrease in the fall and are at their lowest in the winter. The same goes for the rain; there is a decrease as it approaches winter.

Explanation:

Temperate zones are known for their varying temperatures and amounts of precipitation. There are four distinct seasons, and this can be noticed on the graphs. The temperatures increase and decrease throughout the year, with summer being the warmest and winter is the coldest. The amount of rainfall is at its peak during the summer months and falls in the winter.

Example Question #4 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

Which answer choice is the best description of the climate in a tropical zone based on the graphs provided?

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Possible Answers:

The climate in a tropical zone does not vary as much as other areas of the world. It is not a consistent temperature and is the temperature changes all year. Madagascar experiences winter from December to March, and this is when it is not only the coldest but the wettest as well. Rainfall increases during the summer months and decreases during wintertime.

The climate in a tropical zone does not vary as much as other areas of the world. It is a consistent temperature and is warm all year. Madagascar experiences summer from December to March, and this is when it is not only the hottest but the wettest as well. Rainfall increases during the summer months and decreases during wintertime.

The climate in a tropical zone does not vary as much as other areas of the world. It is a consistent temperature and is cold all year. Madagascar experiences summer from December to March, and this is when it is not only the coldest but the dryest as well. Rainfall decreases during the summer months and increases during the wintertime.

The climate in a tropical zone varies more than in other areas of the world. It is not a consistent temperature and different all year. Madagascar experiences summer from December to March, and this is when it is not only the hottest but the wettest as well. Rainfall increases during the summer months and decreases during wintertime.

Correct answer:

The climate in a tropical zone does not vary as much as other areas of the world. It is a consistent temperature and is warm all year. Madagascar experiences summer from December to March, and this is when it is not only the hottest but the wettest as well. Rainfall increases during the summer months and decreases during wintertime.

Explanation:

Madagascar is in a tropical climate. It is warm all year and rainy during the hottest months, which is summer. Summer in Madagascar falls between December and March, and temperatures hover around 88oF with up to 18 inches of rain in one month. The temperatures decrease to the lower 80s in the winter months, and the rainfall drops to less than an inch.

Example Question #5 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

What type of characteristics would be included in a description of the climate in a region?

Possible Answers:

Average income, temperature, air pressure, and wind speed

Temperature, humidity, precipitation, and air pressure

Temperature, national tree, precipitation, and wind speed

Humidity, population, air pressure, and national anthem

Correct answer:

Temperature, humidity, precipitation, and air pressure

Explanation:

Many characteristics can describe the climate of a region. These characteristics can be measured over many years to identify the different patterns within the data to make predictions about future weather conditions. A few of the particular weather condition measurements that may be collected are temperature, humidity, wind speed, and air pressure.

Example Question #6 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration describes the five main types of climates. They are:

A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are higher than 64°F (18°C) year-round, and there are more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air, and there is very little precipitation.

C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.

D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!

E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!

  Map of world zones and degrees

How would the climate of MOST of Africa be described?

 Source: https://scijinks.gov/climate-zones/ & http://www.webquest.hawaii.edu/kahihi/sciencedictionary/C/climatezone.php

Possible Answers:

Africa is mostly in the temperate climate zone, so it is very hot, receives a lot of thunderstorms.

Africa is mostly in the tropical climate zone, so it is very hot, receives a lot of rain, and is humid.

Africa is mostly in the polar climate zone, so it is very cold, and the temperatures stay this way year-round.

Africa is mostly in the dry climate zone, so it is very cold, receives little rain, and is humid.

Correct answer:

Africa is mostly in the tropical climate zone, so it is very hot, receives a lot of rain, and is humid.

Explanation:

This map of the climate zones breaks them down across the map by region. Africa falls into two different climate zones but is mostly tropical. The weather in tropical climate zones is very hot, there is very high humidity, and precipitation is frequent. This map helps readers to see how the world is broken up by climate zones.

Example Question #7 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration describes the five main types of climates. They are:

A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are higher than 64°F (18°C) year-round, and there are more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air, and there is very little precipitation.

C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.

D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!

E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!

Map of world zones and degrees

In what climate zone can Antarctica be found?

Source: https://scijinks.gov/climate-zones/ & http://www.webquest.hawaii.edu/kahihi/sciencedictionary/C/climatezone.php

Possible Answers:

Antarctica would be described as being in the polar climate zone.

Antarctica would be described as being in the tropical climate zone.

Antarctica would be described as being in the temperate climate zone.

Antarctica would be described as being in the dry climate zone.

Antarctica would be described as being in the continental climate zone.

Correct answer:

Antarctica would be described as being in the polar climate zone.

Explanation:

Antarctica can be described as having a polar climate. It is found in the polar climate zone. Antarctica is a harsh, desolate place due to its frigid temperatures and unpredictable weather. There are no shrubs or trees on Antarctica, and only two types of flowering plants can survive the conditions.

Example Question #1 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration describes the five main types of climates. They are:

A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are higher than 64°F (18°C) year-round, and there are more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air, and there is very little precipitation.

C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.

D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!

E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!

  Map of world zones and degrees

The United States is primarily in the temperate zone, excluding Alaska and Florida, which are in which zones?

 Source: https://scijinks.gov/climate-zones/ & http://www.webquest.hawaii.edu/kahihi/sciencedictionary/C/climatezone.php

Possible Answers:

Continental; Dry

Tropical; Polar

Dry; Continental

Polar; Tropical

Correct answer:

Polar; Tropical

Explanation:

The majority of the United States is found in the temperate climate zone. Alaska is located in the polar region, and Florida is in a tropical area. Florida is humid, warm, and receives a lot of rainfall because it is closer to the equator than other parts of the United States. Alaska is located far to the North and closer to the North Pole than other parts of the United States.

Example Question #9 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration describes the five main types of climates. They are:

A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are higher than 64°F (18°C) year-round, and there are more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air, and there is very little precipitation.

C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.

D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!

E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!

 An illustration of a globe with latitude and longitude lines Screen shot 2020 07 27 at 3.06.46 pm

Which climate zone is NOT found in the United States?

Source: https://scijinks.gov/climate-zones/

Possible Answers:

Temperate

Continental

Tropical

Dry

Polar

Correct answer:

Polar

Explanation:

The climate zone NOT found in the United States is the polar zone. The polar climates zones are freezing and harsh places to live. The United States is a vast landmass and covers a good church of the Earth, leading to four of the five climate zones represented.

Example Question #10 : Describe Climates In Different Regions Of The World

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration describes the five main types of climates. They are:

A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are higher than 64°F (18°C) year-round, and there are more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.

B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air, and there is very little precipitation.

C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.

D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!

E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!

 An illustration of a globe with latitude and longitude lines Screen shot 2020 07 27 at 3.06.46 pm

What region of the United States would be the most likely to feature deserts?

Source: https://scijinks.gov/climate-zones/

Possible Answers:

The continental zone in the Northeast

The dry zone in the Southwest

The tropical zone in South Florida

The temperate zone in the Appalachian area

Correct answer:

The dry zone in the Southwest

Explanation:

Deserts would be located in a place with little rainfall, high temperatures, and that receives a lot of sunlight. Deserts would be found in the dry zone in the Southwest. Places like Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and Southern California have the perfect conditions for deserts and their inhabitants.

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