SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Determining Meaning or Part of Speech from Context

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Determining Part Of Speech

Complete this analogy.

Die is to dice as fish is to __________.

Possible Answers:

chop

fish

catch

live

slice

Correct answer:

fish

Explanation:

A "die" is the singular form of a six-sided cube with a different number of dots on each side used in games. The plural of "die" is "dice." "Fish" is the plural form of "fish," so "fish" is the right answer. This is confusing though, because "die" and "dice" both have multiple meanings. "Die" could mean stop being alive, and dice could mean chop or slice. Hopefully, you figured out that "die" is also the singular form of "dice."

Example Question #2 : Determining Part Of Speech

Complete this analogy.

Write is to pen as prohibit is to __________.

Possible Answers:

declare 

attend 

forbid 

explain 

deploy 

Correct answer:

forbid 

Explanation:

While at first glance you might assume that "pen" is being used in the sense of a writing instrument that uses ink, that would mean that the model relationship is one of action to object you use to do that action. However, none of the answer choices are objects that one might use to "prohibit," something, so that can't be the correct model relationship. "Pen" can also be used as a verb that means write, so "write" and "pen" are synonyms. That means that to solve this analogy, you have to find the best synonym of "prohibit." "Prohibit" means ban or forbid, so "forbid" is the correct answer.

Example Question #51 : Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Wend is to stationary as dock is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pier

doctor

depart

herb

enclosure

Correct answer:

depart

Explanation:

To “wend” is to move from one place to another,whereas “stationary” is the opposite: staying in one place or position. To “dock” is to haul or guide into or alongside a usually wooden pier used as a landing place or moorage for boats;the opposite of this is to “depart” or to set sail. An “enclosure” is like a fence, something used to contain something else. A “pier” is another work for “dock.”

Example Question #53 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Summon is to dismiss as well is to __________.

Possible Answers:

worry 

water

amiss 

scary 

tears 

Correct answer:

amiss 

Explanation:

“Summon” and “dismiss” are opposites of each other. If you “summon” someone, you ask him or her to come to your location, whereas if you “dismiss” someone, you tell them that they are free to leave your location. “Well” has many meanings, such as a pit that you get water from. To solve the analogy, we need to find a word that is the opposite of one of the meanings of “well.” One meaning of “well” is in good health or in a state in which everything is all right. An opposite of this meaning of “well” is “amiss.” If there is something “amiss,” there is something wrong or not all right. The other words are not opposites of any of the meanings of "well."

Example Question #11 : Determining Meaning Or Part Of Speech From Context

Complete this analogy.

Frighten is to scare as sink is to __________.

Possible Answers:

flounder

bowl

founder

rise

hole

Correct answer:

founder

Explanation:

"Frighten" and "scare" are synonyms, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that is a synonym of "sink." “Founder” has many meanings, but in this case its meaning of sink makes it the correct answer. If you chose "bowl," you may have been thinking of "sink" in the sense of a bowl-shaped plumbing fixture. However, "bowl" and "sink" have different meanings and are not synonyms. The incorrect answer choice “flounder” means struggle to move or obtain footing.

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