SAT II Math I : Transformations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Math I

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Example Questions

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Example Question #223 : Coordinate Geometry

What would  become if it was reflected over the y-axis to become ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

When a function is reflected over the y-axis, 

 

becomes 

 

which is simplifed as 

.

Example Question #1 : Transformation

Let f(x) = x3 – 2x2 + x +4. If g(x) is obtained by reflecting f(x) across the y-axis, then which of the following is equal to g(x)?

Possible Answers:

–x3 + 2x2 – x + 4

–x3 – 2x2 – x – 4

–x3 – 2x2 – x + 4

x3 – 2x2 – x + 4

x3 + 2x2 + x + 4

Correct answer:

–x3 – 2x2 – x + 4

Explanation:

In order to reflect a function across the y-axis, all of the x-coordinates of every point on that function must be multiplied by negative one. However, the y-values of each point on the function will not change. Thus, we can represent the reflection of f(x) across the y-axis as f(-x). The figure below shows a generic function (not f(x) given in the problem) that has been reflected across the y-axis, in order to offer a better visual understanding. 

Therefore, g(x) = f(–x).

f(x) = x3 – 2x2 + x – 4

g(x) = f(–x) = (–x)3 – 2(–x)2 + (–x) + 4

g(x) = (–1)3x3 –2(–1)2x2 – x + 4

g(x) = –x3 –2x2 –x + 4.

The answer is –x3 –2x2 –x + 4.

Example Question #2 : How To Find Transformation For An Analytic Geometry Equation

What is the period of the function?

Screen_shot_2013-07-16_at_10.04.45_am

Possible Answers:

1

4π

π

2π

3π

Correct answer:

4π

Explanation:

The period is the time it takes for the graph to complete one cycle.

In this particular case we have a sine curve that starts at 0 and completes one cycle when it reaches .

Therefore, the period is 

Example Question #601 : Sat Subject Test In Math I

Assume we have a triangle, , with the following vertices:

, and 

If  were reflected across the line , what would be the coordinates of the new vertices?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

When we reflect a point across the line, , we swap the x- and y-coordinates; therefore, in each point, we will switch the x and y-coordinates: 

 becomes 

 becomes , and 

 becomes 

The correct answer is the following:

The other answer choices are incorrect because we only use the negatives of the coordinate points if we are flipping across either the x- or y-axis.

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