SAT Critical Reading : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT Critical Reading

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Mark showed a friendly countenance to all he met, at his core he was a cynic and a convinced __________.

Possible Answers:

desperado 

antagonist

scrooge

stoic

misanthrope

Correct answer:

misanthrope

Explanation:

Mark’s cynicism is most likely displayed in his thoughts about the state of (and relative hopefulness for) other humans; therefore, the best word is “misanthrope.” This is derived from two Greek roots. The prefix, “mis-,” has many usages implying wrong, lacking, and other such words (e.g. “mistake,” “mistreat,” “misunderstand”). The second part is derived from anthropos, which means human person, and has related English derivatives in words like “anthropology” and “philanthropist.” Our word therefore means one lacking in respect for human beings or even, more strongly, one who hates humankind.

Example Question #52 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

Though he contested the legality of the winner's campaign methods, the gracious candidate was __________ in defeat.

Possible Answers:

magnanimous

obstinate

defiant

lazy

confused

Correct answer:

magnanimous

Explanation:

The correct answer is "magnanimous," meaning noble or courageous. The contextual clues of the sentence imply that the reaction was positive by the words "gracious" and "despite." This makes "magnanimous" the logical choice to finish the sentence.

Example Question #53 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

Few doubted the old hermit’s __________, but he constantly maintained that he was the least knowledgeable man alive.

Possible Answers:

disdain

aloofness

candor

sagacity

reclusiveness

Correct answer:

sagacity

Explanation:

The hermit actually is wise, though he denies it of himself. The best word is therefore “sagacity.” The word is derived from the Latin for “keen-sighted” or “perceptive” and is found in related English words like “sage.”

Example Question #92 : Sentence Completion Questions

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The young man loved to hear people make __________ statements, for these gave him a chance to show them their amusing imprecision.

Possible Answers:

rustic

fatuous

vague

imprudent

egregious

Correct answer:

vague

Explanation:

The key word here is “imprecision.” The “im-” prefix is privative, meaning not. Something "imprecise" is hazy or vague. While it might be tempting to think that the young man liked showing that people were stupid (i.e. "fatuous") or even "rustic" or "imprudent," the best option is the one most closely matching “imprecision,” and that option is “vague.”

Example Question #54 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The plaintiff's frequent backtracking on the witness stand made him a less than __________ witness.

Possible Answers:

underhanded

ebullient

frivolous

credible

conniving

Correct answer:

credible

Explanation:

While the plaintiff's backtracking makes him look bad, the sentence is structured in a way that makes the correct answer need to mean "truthful" or "believable." Therefore, rule out "frivolous," "underhanded," and "conniving" immediately. "Credible," which means believable, is the choice that works best in the sentence.

Example Question #55 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

In comparison with the egoism and selfishness of his siblings, Daniel’s __________ behavior was a great consolation to his parents.

Possible Answers:

irreproachable

exemplary

moralistic

commendatory

altruistic

Correct answer:

altruistic

Explanation:

Although one might want to say that Daniel’s activity was commendatory or something else of the like, the best fit for the opposition in this sentence would be a word that captures the sense of being “not egoistic.” The word “altruistic” does this, for it means that one is selflessly concerned about the needs of others. Often one uses the nominal form “altruism” to describe the characteristic as well.

Example Question #56 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

His __________ demeanor betrayed his inner fury at being laid off.

Possible Answers:

abrasive

raging

ebullient

placid

manic

Correct answer:

placid

Explanation:

The key word in this sentence is "betrayed," which indicates that the man's demeanor was at odds with his inner fury. The correct answer will therefore have a sense of calm or quiet, the very definition of "placid."

Example Question #57 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

When the real documents came to light, the university realized its collection was mostly __________.

Possible Answers:

supported

counterfeit

historical

genuine

authentic

Correct answer:

counterfeit

Explanation:

The university's collection is now suspect because of the discovery of real documents. The way the sentence is framed indicates the correct answer is an antonym of "real." "Counterfeit," meaning fake or inauthentic, is the only antonym of real among the answer choices.

Example Question #58 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

No matter how vexed you might be, responding to a caustic statement with an even more __________ reply is ill advised. 

Possible Answers:

savory

abrasive

affable

rustic

traditional

Correct answer:

abrasive

Explanation:

The words “vexed” and “caustic” coupled with the phrase “even more” indicate that the answer choice will reflect similarly negative speech. Only "abrasive" works in this context.

Example Question #59 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The office was expecting an easygoing new boss, so the employees were surprised to find that their new manager had an extremely __________ manner.

Possible Answers:

abrasive

placid

gregarious

ebullient

affable

Correct answer:

abrasive

Explanation:

The structure of the sentence, and the employees' surprise, indicates the new manager was not easygoing. The correct answer choice will be the one that is an antonym of "easygoing." "Abrasive," meaning harsh and coarse, is the only such answer choice.

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