### All PSAT Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #2 : Cones

An empty tank in the shape of a right solid circular cone has a radius of r feet and a height of h feet. The tank is filled with water at a rate of w cubic feet per second. Which of the following expressions, in terms of r, h, and w, represents the number of minutes until the tank is completely filled?

**Possible Answers:**

180w/(π(r^{2})(h))

π(r^{2})(h)/(60w)

π(r^{2})(h)/(180w)

20w/(π(r^{2})(h))

π(r^{2})(h)/(20w)

**Correct answer:**

π(r^{2})(h)/(180w)

The volume of a cone is given by the formula V = (πr^{2})/3. In order to determine how many seconds it will take for the tank to fill, we must divide the volume by the rate of flow of the water.

time in seconds = (πr^{2})/(3w)

In order to convert from seconds to minutes, we must divide the number of seconds by sixty. Dividing by sixty is the same is multiplying by 1/60.

(πr^{2})/(3w) * (1/60) = π(r^{2})(h)/(180w)

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Volume Of A Cone

A cone has a base radius of 13 in and a height of 6 in. What is its volume?

**Possible Answers:**

None of the other answers

1014*π* in^{3}

338*π* in^{3}

4394*π* in^{3}

1352*π* in^{3}

**Correct answer:**

338*π* in^{3}

The basic form for the volume of a cone is:

*V* = (1/3)*πr*^{2}*h*

For this simple problem, we merely need to plug in our values:

*V* = (1/3)*π*13^{2 }* 6 = 169 * 2*π* = 338*π* in^{3}

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Volume Of A Cone

A cone has a base circumference of 77*π* in and a height of 2 ft. What is its approximate volume?

**Possible Answers:**

11,858*π* in^{3}

71,148*π* in^{3}

8893.5*π* in^{3}

142,296*π* in^{3}

2964.5*π* in^{3}

**Correct answer:**

11,858*π* in^{3}

There are two things to be careful with here. First, we must solve for the radius of the base. Secondly, note that the **height is given in feet, not inches**. Notice that all the answers are in cubic inches. Therefore, it will be easiest to convert all of our units to inches.

First, solve for the radius, recalling that *C* = 2*πr*, or, for our values 77*π* = 2*πr*. Solving for *r*, we get *r* = 77/2 or *r* = 38.5.

The height, in inches, is 24.

The basic form for the volume of a cone is: *V* = (1 / 3)*πr*^{2}*h*

For our values this would be:

*V* = (1/3)*π* * 38.5^{2} * 24 = 8 * 1482.25*π* = 11,858π in^{3}

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Volume Of A Cone

What is the volume of a right cone with a diameter of 6 cm and a height of 5 cm?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The general formula is given by , where = radius and = height.

The diameter is 6 cm, so the radius is 3 cm.

### Example Question #1 : Cones

There is a large cone with a radius of 4 meters and height of 18 meters. You can fill the cone with water at a rate of 3 cubic meters every 25 seconds. How long will it take you to fill the cone?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

First we will calculate the volume of the cone

Next we will determine the time it will take to fill that volume

We will then convert that into minutes

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Volume Of A Cone

Which of these answers comes closest to the volume of the above cone?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The radius and the height of a cone are required in order to find its volume.

The radius is 50 centimeters, which can be converted to meters by dividing by 100:

meters

The slant height is 120 centimeters, which converts similarly to

meters

To find the height, we need to use the Pythagorean Theorem with the radius 0.5 as one leg and the slant height 1.2 as the hypotenuse of a right triangle, and the height as the other leg:

meters.

The volume formula can now be used:

cubic meters

### Example Question #1 : Cones

What is the volume of a cone with a height of and base radius of ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The fomula for the volume of a cone is

Because our radius of the base is , we know that .

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