NCLEX-RN : General Care

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for NCLEX-RN

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Care

The nurse is caring for a patient with severe agoraphobia. What area of the hospital should the nurse avoid with the patient?
Possible Answers:
Areas with lots of people
Enclosed areas
Areas with lots of needles
Wide-open spaces
Correct answer: Wide-open spaces
Explanation: A patient with agoraphobia has a fear of wide-open spaces.

Example Question #1 : General Care

A 4-year-old child is admitted to the hospital after his family was in a car crash, where his parents died. The child keeps asking you to bring his parents back to life. The nurse knows that:
Possible Answers:
The child is delusional and may have suffered a concussion as a result of the crash
The child is depressed
The child has not seen a person die before
This is a normal reaction
Correct answer: This is a normal reaction
Explanation: This is a normal reaction for a young child, who may not fully understand death. These requests are not necessarily indicative of delusion or depression.

Example Question #1 : Care

When reviewing a client's chart, the nurse sees that the doctor identified that the client is experiencing a situational crisis. An event that could cause this is:
Possible Answers:
Abortion
Rape
Retirement
Child abuse
Correct answer: Abortion
Explanation: Abortion is a common cause of a situational crisis. Retirement may cause a maturation crisis, and child abuse and rape may cause an adventitious crisis.

Example Question #1 : Maintaining Psychosocial Integrity

The nurse is caring for a patient with severe acrophobia. What area of the hospital should the nurse avoid with the patient?
Possible Answers:
Enclosed areas
Areas with lots of needles
Wide-open spaces
Areas with exposed levels, such as balconies
Correct answer: Areas with exposed levels, such as balconies
Explanation: A patient with acrophobia has a fear of heights, thus exposure to exposed levels or other significant drop-offs will scare the patient.

Example Question #1 : Homeopathic And Alternative Medicine

A patient is seeking an herbal solution that produces an effect similar to estrogen. What herb should the nurse suggest the patient investigate?
Possible Answers:
Black cohosh
Milk thistle
Cat's claw
Feverfew
Correct answer: Black cohosh
Explanation: Black cohosh produces effects similar to those of estrogen.

Example Question #1 : Homeopathic And Alternative Medicine

The patient is curious about behavior therapy, and asks the nurse. The nurse would best describe behavior therapy as:
Possible Answers:
A therapy that makes use of relationships and personal connection
A therapy that makes use of a group dynamic
A therapy that makes use of physical and social environments
A therapy that achieves results through conditioning
Correct answer: A therapy that achieves results through conditioning
Explanation: Behavior therapy is a therapy that achieves results through conditioning. The therapy aims to reinforce desired behaviors and eliminated undesired behaviors.

Example Question #1 : Homeopathic And Alternative Medicine

A patient is seeking an herbal solution that improves microcirculation in the eyes. What herb should the nurse suggest the patient investigate?
Possible Answers:
Aloe
DHEA
Peppermint oil
Bilberry
Correct answer: Bilberry
Explanation: Bilberry improves microcirculation in the eyes.

Example Question #712 : Nclex

Which of the following herbs aids in wound healing when applied topically?

Possible Answers:

Calendula flower (calendula officinalis)

Red raspberry leaf (rubus idaeus)

Hawthorne berry (crataegus ssp)

Yellow dock (rumex crispus)

Correct answer:

Calendula flower (calendula officinalis)

Explanation:

Calendula flower contains faradiol and the faradiol monoester, powerful anti-inflammatory and antiedematous triterpenoids, which have shown effects comparable to indomethacin. Yellow dock is as a laxative. Red raspberry leaf is a vasodilator, and may exacerbate inflammation. Hawthorne berry can be used to ameliorate symptoms of congestive heart failure.

Example Question #1 : Care

Which of the following herbs contains a compound similar to lovastatin?

Possible Answers:

Kava (piper methysticum)

Red yeast rice (monascus purpureus)

Nettle (urtica dioica)

Lavender (lavandula)

Correct answer:

Red yeast rice (monascus purpureus)

Explanation:

Red yeast rice contains monacolins, which block the production of cholesterol. Monacolin K has the same structure as lovastatin and functions similarly to reduce cholesterol. Nettle is best used as a painkiller, and to treat disorders of the excretory system. Kava is a sedative and anesthetic, and may also be used to treat social anxiety. Lavender has a calming effect, and is effective in inducing sleep.

 

Example Question #2 : General Care

Which is the most common homeopathic remedy for mild otitis media in a child that is weepy, clingy, and refuses fluids?

Possible Answers:

Sepia

Arsenicum album

Pulsatilla

Belladonna

Correct answer:

Pulsatilla

Explanation:

Pulsatilla is most often given for otitis media when the child is clingy, weepy, refuses fluids, and wants to be held or carried. They may be hot or sensitive to heat and desire fresh air. Belladonna may be used as a pain reliever, and and anti-inflammatory remedy. Arsenicum album is commonly used to treat anxiety and gastrointestinal inflammation. Sepia is most often used to treat female reproductive-related ailments.

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