# GRE Subject Test: Math : Continuous Distributions

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : How To Find Z Scores For A Data Set

The average score on the statistics final exam was 85 and the standard deviation was . Chris scored a . Chris scored higher than what percent of his class?      Explanation:

The first step in this problem is calculating the z-score.  The next step is to look up 4 in the z-table. The value from the table is . ### Example Question #1 : Data Sets And Z Scores

What is the -score for a value of 115 when the mean of the population is 103 and the standard deviation is 8?      Explanation: -score indicates whether a particular value is typical for a population or data set.  The closer the -score is to 0, the closer the value is to the mean of the population and the more typical it is.  The -score is calculated by subtracting the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then dividing the result by the population's standard deviation.  ### Example Question #1 : How To Find Z Scores For A Data Set

A population of values has a mean of 43 and a standard deviation of 12.  One of the values in the population is 49.  What is the Z-score for that value?      Explanation:

A Z-score indicates whether a particular value is typical for a population or data set.  The closer the Z-score is to 0, the closer the value is to the mean of the population and the more typical it is.  The Z-score is calculated by subtracting the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then dividing the result by the population's standard deviation.

### Example Question #1 : How To Find Z Scores For A Data Set

The z-score is also known as the standard score.

The average temperature for all the days preceding the last for the month of February was 55 degrees Farhenheit, with a standard deviation of 5 degrees.

On the last day, the temperature was 73 degrees F. What is the z-score for the temperature on the last day?     Explanation:

To find the z-score, follow the formula  or ### Example Question #1 : How To Find Z Scores For A Data Set

A population has a standard deviation of and a mean of . One of the values in the population is .  What is the z score for that value?      Explanation:

A z score is unique to each value within a population.

To find a z score, subtract the mean of a population from the particular value in question, then divide the result by the population's standard deviation. ### Example Question #41 : Univariate Data

Natalie took her university placement examinations in Spanish and math. In Spanish, she scored 82; in math, she scored 86. The results of the Spanish exam had a mean of 72 and a standard deviation of 8. The results of the math exam had a mean of 68 and a standard deviation of 12. On which exam did Natalie do better, compared with the rest of her peers taking these placement exams?

She did equally well on both exams

None of the other answers, as z-scores cannot be calculated for this question

The Math exam

The Spanish exam

The Math exam

Explanation:

We need to calculate Natalie's z-scores for both her Spanish and math exams. Calculating z-scores is as follows: Her z-score for the Spanish exam is , which equals 1.25, while her z-score for the math exam is , which equals 1.50. Since both z-scores are positive, Natalie did above average on both tests, but since her z-score for the math exam is higher than her z-score for the Spanish exam, Natalie did better on her math exam when compared to the rest of her peers taking the exam.

### Example Question #1 : How To Find Z Scores For A Data Set

This year's harvest, the apples had a mean mass of with a standard deviation of . You pick an apple from the harvest and find its mass to be .

What is the z-score of the apple you picked?     Explanation:

To find the z-score, we follow the formula where is the given value, is the mean, and is the standard deviation.

For this problem we see that  and Substituting for these values we see ### Example Question #1 : Continuous Distributions

A bread maker has an average life of 9 years, with a variance of 4 years. What is the z-score associated with the probability that a bread maker lasts less than 13 years?      Explanation:  is the average life of the bread maker, in this problem 9 years. is the standard deviation of the break makers life. The standard deviation is the square root of the variance. X is the test statistic we are looking to find. In this problem it is the probability that the bread maker lasts less than 13 years. If you were to find the value associated with a z-score of 2 on the z-table, you would see that ### Example Question #1 : Continuous Distributions

The purpose of the t test is to do which of the following?

Compare the means of separate populations.

Determine the ability of one variable to predict another.

Describe the variance within a population.

Compare the significance of multiple variables.

Test the relationship between five or more variables.

Compare the means of separate populations.

Explanation:

A t test is used to compare the means of different groups.  A t test score describes the likelihood that the difference in means between two groups is due to chance. The null hypothesis assumes the two sets are equal however, one can reject the null hypothesis with a p value within a particular confidence level.

### Example Question #121 : Statistical Patterns And Random Phenomena follows a chi-squared distribution with degrees of freedom and through are independent standard normal variables.

If , what is ?      Use the fact that the sum of squared standard and independent normal variables follows a chi-squared distribution with degrees of freedom. 