European History : The Modern State

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Political History

Which of these nations is not a member of the European Union as of 2016?

Possible Answers:

Cyprus

Bulgaria

Norway

Malta

Croatia

Correct answer:

Norway

Explanation:

A majority of Norwegians voted "No" in two separate referendums to join the EU. The referendums occurred in 1972 and 1994.

Example Question #1 : The Modern State

The War of the Spanish Succession was a major European war that took place in the early eighteenth century. It was triggered when Charles II of Spain, the last Habsburg monarch, died without an heir.

Who ultimately claimed the Spanish crown?

Possible Answers:

Louis XIV

Philip, Duke of Anjou

Archduke Charles

George I 

Leopold I

Correct answer:

Philip, Duke of Anjou

Explanation:

The war resulted in Austria, Great Britain and the Dutch Republic recognizing Philip, Duke of Anjou as Philip V of Spain. In return, Philip V had to renounce any claim to the throne of France and cede Spain's European territories.

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