Criminology : Courts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Criminology

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Criminology

Which of the following is not a component of the state court system in the United States?

Possible Answers:

Intermediate courts of general jurisdiction 

Trial courts of limited jurisdiction 

Appellate court of last resort 

District courts

Trial courts of general jurisdiction

Correct answer:

District courts

Explanation:

The United States uses a dual court system. The dual court system is broken into two parts: the state court system and the federal court system. The state court system is composed of trial courts of limited jurisdiction, trial courts of general jurisdiction, intermediate courts of appeals, and the appellate court of last resort.  The federal system is composed of district courts, circuit courts of appeals, and the Supreme Court of the United States. Appeals can lead cases from both from federal circuit courts of appeals and state appellate courts of last resort to the Supreme Court of the United States.

Example Question #1 : Criminal Trials

Which of the following is not an action where prosecutors exercise discretion?

Possible Answers:

Filing charges or petitions for adjudication 

Dropping cases

Reducing charges 

Seeking indictments 

Imposing sentences 

Correct answer:

Imposing sentences 

Explanation:

Discretion in the criminal justice system refers to an agent's ability to have the authority to make decisions without reference to specific rules but rather by using their own judgement. This permits individualization in the administration of justice. Prosecutors cannot use discretion in "imposing sentences" this is left to the discretion of judges or magistrates. 

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors