# Calculus 3 : Calculus Review

## Example Questions

### Example Question #44 : Integration

Evaluate the following integral:

Explanation:

The only way to evaluate this integral is by recognizing that the integral resembles the following:

To evaluate the integral, the x-term must be replaced with u:

Now that the denominator is in the proper form, the integral can be evaluated according to the first equation:

U must be replaced with x to give the final answer:

Integrate:

Explanation:

### Example Question #46 : Integration

Evaluate:

Explanation:

Rewrite the function in terms of ln:

Plug in the high level and lower level limits:

Subtract higher from lower:

### Example Question #47 : Integration

Solve:

Explanation:

The feature of this integral that may initially be confusing is the bounds of integration, because they contain a variable. However, this is something that will be used frequently in later integration problems. Treat the bounds as normal, and integrate:

After the definite integration, we get

### Example Question #48 : Integration

Integrate:

Explanation:

To integrate, we must use integration by parts, which states that

We must designate a u and a dv from the integral given, and then differentiate and integrate, respectively:

Now, use the above formula and integrate again:

which simplified becomes

### Example Question #49 : Integration

Explanation:

This question requires the use of a complex conjugate. as the other methods of integration do not seem to work. In the case, we take the complex conjuage of the denominator, which is sec(x)+ 1:

Simplyifying the above equation results in:

We now notice that the denominator is a trig identity: , we can replace it with

Now we can separate the above equation into two different integrals:

Simplifying each integral, now you get:

For the first integral, , we can use u-substitution to integrate it:

Crossing out cos(x), we now get:

Now integrate as normal:

Substitute u = sin(x)

Simplifying:

For the second integral,  , we would use the trig identity  . Rearranging the equation gets us

Now we can integrate separately:

Now combining the result from the first integral, , we now get

### Example Question #50 : Integration

Explanation:

At first, we notice that the power in the numerator is smaller than the one in the denominator, but we can't quite use u-substitution yet, as the derivative of the denominator is 2t - not 2t -1. To do this we must separate the integrals:

Now, we can use u-substitution for the first integral by setting

Which results in:

The 2t's cross out and now we get:

Now integrate as normal:

Substitution back for , we now get:

For the second integral, , we have to use a special formula:

, or in this case translates to:

Combining the two results get us:

### Example Question #51 : Integration

Explanation:

To integrate, we simply expand the function and integrate:

### Example Question #52 : Integration

Explanation:

To solve this problem, we would have to apply u-substitution:

Substituting for u and dx, get us:

The  terms cross out and simplifying we get:

We can then 'isolate' the constant:

To integrate , we have to convert it to

Since the derivative of cos(x) is -sin(x), we would have to apply u-substitution again, but using a different variable to prevent confusion:

Replacing for v and du gets us:

Simplifying get us:

Integrating gets us:

Now substitute v = cos(u) from earlier:

Now substitute u = 2/x from earlier as well and now we get:

### Example Question #53 : Integration

Explanation:

We notice that this problem can be solved with a simple u -substitution:

Substituting for u and dx get us:

The  terms cross out, and simplifying we get:

Isolating the -1 outside the integral we get:

This is now simply:

Substituting , from earlier gets us our final answer: