ACT Math : Graphing

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ACT Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Graphing

Solve and graph the following inequality:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve the inequality, the first step is to add  to both sides:

 

The second step is to divide both sides by :

To graph the inequality, you draw a straight number line. Fill in the numbers from  to infinity. Infinity can be designated by a ray. Be sure to fill in the number , since the equation indicated greater than OR equal to.

The graph should look like:

Number_line

Example Question #2 : Graphing

Points  and  lie on a circle. Which of the following could be the equation of that circle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

If we plug the points  and  into each equation, we find that these points work only in the equation . This circle has a radius of  and is centered at .

Example Question #3 : Graphing

Which of the following lines is perpendicular to the line ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The key here is to look for the line whose slope is the negative reciprocal of the original slope.

In this case,  is the negative reciprocal of .

Therefore, the equation of the line which is perpendicular to the original equation is:

Example Question #1 : Graphing

Let D be the region on the (x,y) coordinate plane that contains the solutions to the following inequalities:

, where  is a positive constant

Which of the following expressions, in terms of , is equivalent to the area of D?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

  Inequality_region1

Example Question #4 : Graphing

A triangle is made up of the following points: 

What are the points of the inverse triangle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The inverse of a function has all the same points as the original function, except the x values and y values are reversed. The same rule applies to polygons such as triangles.

Example Question #5 : Graphing

Electrical power can be generated by wind, and the magnitude of power will depend on the wind speed. A wind speed of  (in ) will generate a power of  . What is the minimum wind speed needed in order to power a device that requires  ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The simplest way to solve this problem is to plug all of the answer choices into the provided equation, and see which one results in a power of  .  

Alternatively, one could set up the equation,

  and factor, use the quadratic equation, or graph this on a calculator to find the root. 

If we were to factor we would look for factors of c that when added together give us the value in b when we are in the form,

.

In our case . So we need factors of  that when added together give us .

Thus the following factoring would solve this problem.

Then set each binomial equal to zero and solve for v.

Since we can't have a negative power our answer is .

 

Example Question #6 : Graphing

Compared to the graph , the graph  has been shifted:

Possible Answers:

 units up.

 units to the right.

 units to the left.

 units down.

 units down.

Correct answer:

 units to the left.

Explanation:

The  inside the argument has the effect of shifting the graph  units to the left. This can be easily seen by graphing both the original and modified functions on a graphing calculator.  

Example Question #7 : Graphing

The graph of  passes through  in the standard  coordinate plane. What is the value of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To answer this question, we need to correctly identify where to plug in our given values and solve for .

Points on a graph are written in coordinate pairs. These pairs show the  value first and the  value second. So, for this data:

 means that  is the  value and  is the  value.

We must now plug in our  and  values into the original equation and solve. Therefore:

We can now begin to solve for  by adding up the right side and dividing the entire equation by .

Therefore, the value of  is .

Example Question #8 : Graphing

Coordinate_pair_1

Point A represents a complex number.  Its position is given by which of the following expressions?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Complex numbers can be represented on the coordinate plane by mapping the real part to the x-axis and the imaginary part to the y-axis.  For example, the expression  can be represented graphically by the point .

Here, we are given the graph and asked to write the corresponding expression.

 not only correctly identifies the x-coordinate with the real part and the y-coordinate with the imaginary part of the complex number, it also includes the necessary 

 correctly identifies the x-coordinate with the real part and the y-coordinate with the imaginary part of the complex number, but fails to include the necessary .

 misidentifies the y-coordinate with the real part and the x-coordinate with the imaginary part of the complex number.

 misidentifies the y-coordinate with the real part and the x-coordinate with the imaginary part of the complex number.  It also fails to include the necessary .

Example Question #9 : Graphing

Which of the following graphs represents the expression ?

Possible Answers:

Complex numbers cannot be represented on a coordinate plane.

Coordinate_pair_4

Coordinate_pair_5

Coordinate_pair_2

Coordinate_pair_3

Correct answer:

Coordinate_pair_4

Explanation:

Complex numbers can be represented on the coordinate plane by mapping the real part to the x-axis and the imaginary part to the y-axis.  For example, the expression  can be represented graphically by the point .

Here, we are given the complex number  and asked to graph it.  We will represent the real part, , on the x-axis, and the imaginary part, , on the y-axis.  Note that the coefficient of  is ; this is what we will graph on the y-axis.  The correct coordinates are .

 

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