SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Other Specific Terminology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #431 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Vernal is to __________ as autumnal is to fall.

Possible Answers:

seasons

harvest

calendar

winter

spring

Correct answer:

spring

Explanation:

You may have already known that another word for "fall" (as in the season after "summer") is "autumn." So, "autumnal" means related to the autumn, related to the fall. To solve this analogy then you need to determine which of these words is described by "vernal." The correct answer is "spring," because "vernal" means related to the spring.

Example Question #561 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Inter is to between as __________ is to within.

Possible Answers:

hyper

intra

extra

uber

outer

Correct answer:

intra

Explanation:

The prefix "inter" is generally used to mean between, among. As in "international." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a prefix generally used to mean within. The correct answer is "intra," as in "intramural." 

Example Question #562 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Omniscient is to knowledge as omnipotent is to __________.

Possible Answers:

love

power

hatred

respect

wealth

Correct answer:

power

Explanation:

"Omniscient" means all-knowledgeable, having knowledge of everything. The prefix omni- means all. So, what does "omnipotent" mean? You may have figured out that "potent" means powerful, so "omnipotent" means all-powerful, having power over everything.

Example Question #561 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Source is to genesis as __________ is to terminus.

Possible Answers:

estuary

river

stream

water

rainfall

Correct answer:

estuary

Explanation:

To begin with "genesis" means point where something begins and "terminus" means point where something ends. The "source" is the name given to the point where a river begins. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a name given to the point where a river ends. The correct answer is "estuary." An "estuary" is the mouth of a river, where the river runs into the ocean. Additionally, a "stream" is a small river.

Example Question #14 : Other Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Canonize is to __________ as notarize is to legal.

Possible Answers:

president

teacher

saint

figurehead

traveler

Correct answer:

saint

Explanation:

The verb "notarize" means to make a document legal or valid. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what the verb "canonize" entails making someone or something. The correct answer is that to "canonize" means to make someone a Saint. Additionally, a "figurehead" is someone who appears to be in a position of power, but is in fact merely a public facade designed to conceal who is really in charge.

Example Question #43 : Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

__________ is to good as malodorous is to bad.

Possible Answers:

Repulsive

Melodious

Pungent

Obnoxious

Fragrant

Correct answer:

Fragrant

Explanation:

As you may have gathered from the roots involved "malodorous" means foul-smelling, something that smells bad. The prefix mal- means bad and the root -odor- means related to the smell of something. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words would most likely be used to describe something that smells good. The correct answer is "fragrant" which means strong smelling and pleasing to the sense of smell. Additionally, "pungent" simply means strong smelling; "melodious" means pleasing to listen to; "repulsive" means disgusting; "obnoxious" means rude and arrogant.

Example Question #11 : Other Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Posthumous is to death as postnatal is to __________.

Possible Answers:

school

work

dinner 

birth

sleep

Correct answer:

birth

Explanation:

"Posthumous" means occurring after death, happening after someone has died. So, what do you think "postnatal" means? It means occurring after birth, happening after someone has been born or someone has given birth. So, the correct answer is "birth."

Example Question #12 : Other Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Alms is to __________ as tax is to government.

Possible Answers:

school

poor

church

friends

children

Correct answer:

poor

Explanation:

Money given to the government is known as "tax." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is given money when the money is called "alms." The correct answer is "poor" people. As, in "to give alms to the poor."

Example Question #13 : Other Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Lunar is to __________ as terrestrial is to Earth.

Possible Answers:

weather

sun

temperature

cloud

moon

Correct answer:

moon

Explanation:

"Terrestrial" means of or related to the "Earth." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what the word "lunar" is used to describe. The correct answer is that "lunar" means of or related to the "Moon."

Example Question #45 : Specific Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Federal is to government as ecclesiastical is to __________.

Possible Answers:

church

school

business

finance

media

Correct answer:

church

Explanation:

The term "federal" is used in relation to "government." Specifically, "federal" means relating to a system of "government" in which several states are unified under a central "government" or relating to the actions of the central "government" of the United States. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that the term "ecclesiastical" is used to relate to. The correct answer is that "ecclesiastical" means of or related to the "church" of Christianity.

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