Common Core: Kindergarten English Language Arts : Reading: Informational Text

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Common Core: Kindergarten English Language Arts

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Example Question #1 : Ask And Answer Questions About Key Details In A Text: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.1

Text 1

Pets are animals that live with people. Pets are fun to have. There are many types of pets that people have. 

A gold fish is a type of pet. Gold fish live in fish tanks filled with water. Gold fish use fins to swim in fish tanks.  

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

There are many other animals that people could have as a pet. But, fish, cats, and dogs are what most people have as pets. 

 

Text 2

Dogs are great pets to have. Dogs can be big or small, but they all have fur and walk and run on four legs. 

When dogs are first born they are called puppies. Once a puppy gets older it’s only called a dog. 

Dogs can learn many tricks. Dogs can learn to sit, lay down, and shake. Most people give dogs treats when they are teaching them tricks. 

Most dogs like to be around people. If you plan to get a dog as a pet, be ready to love the dog, because the dog will love you! 

What pet was talked about in Text 1? 

Possible Answers:

Cats

Dogs

Gold fish

All choices are correct

Correct answer:

All choices are correct

Explanation:

Text 1 talks about gold fish, cats, and dogs. So, all answer choices are correct. 

Example Question #11 : Common Core: Kindergarten English Language Arts

Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith

A flower starts out as a very small seed. 

The seed gets planted in the dirt. 

The seed needs lots of water to help it grow. 

 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt. 

Then, a flower will start to bloom. 

Water and sunlight are a flower's food.

So, water and sunlight will help keep a flower alive. 

According to the text, what color is the flower's stem? 

Possible Answers:

green

orange

red

blue

Correct answer:

green

Explanation:

The answer to this question can be found directly in the text. The flower's stem is green. 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt.

Example Question #1 : Reading: Informational Text

Text 1

Pets are animals that live with people. Pets are fun to have. There are many types of pets that people have. 

A gold fish is a type of pet. Gold fish live in fish tanks filled with water. Gold fish use fins to swim in fish tanks.  

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

There are many other animals that people could have as a pet. But, fish, cats, and dogs are what most people have as pets. 

 

Text 2

Dogs are great pets to have. Dogs can be big or small, but they all have fur and walk and run on four legs. 

When dogs are first born they are called puppies. Once a puppy gets older it’s only called a dog. 

Dogs can learn many tricks. Dogs can learn to sit, lay down, and shake. Most people give dogs treats when they are teaching them tricks. 

Most dogs like to be around people. If you plan to get a dog as a pet, be ready to love the dog, because the dog will love you! 

What pet is talked about in Text 2? 

Possible Answers:

Cats

Gold fish

All the choices are correct 

Dogs

Correct answer:

Dogs

Explanation:

Text 2 only talks about having dogs.. Text 1 talks about gold fish, cats, and dogs. Because this question asks about Text 2, "dogs" is the correct answer. 

Example Question #1 : Identify The Main Topic And Retell Key Details Of A Text: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.2

Text 1

Pets are animals that live with people. Pets are fun to have. There are many types of pets that people have. 

A gold fish is a type of pet. Gold fish live in fish tanks filled with water. Gold fish use fins to swim in fish tanks.  

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

There are many other animals that people could have as a pet. But, fish, cats, and dogs are what most people have as pets. 

 

Text 2

Dogs are great pets to have. Dogs can be big or small, but they all have fur and walk and run on four legs. 

When dogs are first born they are called puppies. Once a puppy gets older it’s only called a dog. 

Dogs can learn many tricks. Dogs can learn to sit, lay down, and shake. Most people give dogs treats when they are teaching them tricks. 

Most dogs like to be around people. If you plan to get a dog as a pet, be ready to love the dog, because the dog will love you! 

What is the main topic of Text 2?

Possible Answers:

Tricks that dogs can learn

Dogs are called puppies 

Dogs as a pet

Dogs walk on four legs

Correct answer:

Dogs as a pet

Explanation:

The main topic of a text is what the text is about. We don't want to confuse this with a detail found directly in the text. Text 2 is about dogs as pets. Text 2 provides details about dogs, but remember a detail is not the main topic.  The fact that dogs can learn tricks, have four legs, and are called puppies when they are born are all details. 

Example Question #1 : Identify The Main Topic And Retell Key Details Of A Text: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.2

Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith

A flower starts out as a very small seed. 

The seed gets planted in the dirt. 

The seed needs lots of water to help it grow. 

 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt. 

Then, a flower will start to bloom. 

Water and sunlight are a flower's food.

So, water and sunlight will help keep a flower alive. 

What is the main topic of this text? 

Possible Answers:

A seed growing into a flower

Different types of flowers

Taking care of grass

Growing grass

Correct answer:

A seed growing into a flower

Explanation:

This passage is about how a flower starts out as a seed, and then grows into a flower. This passage does not talk about grass or different types of flowers, it just talks about flowers in general. 

The correct answer is "A seed growing into a flower".

Example Question #1 : Identify The Main Topic And Retell Key Details Of A Text: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.2

Text 1

Pets are animals that live with people. Pets are fun to have. There are many types of pets that people have. 

A gold fish is a type of pet. Gold fish live in fish tanks filled with water. Gold fish use fins to swim in fish tanks.  

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

There are many other animals that people could have as a pet. But, fish, cats, and dogs are what most people have as pets. 

 

Text 2

Dogs are great pets to have. Dogs can be big or small, but they all have fur and walk and run on four legs. 

When dogs are first born they are called puppies. Once a puppy gets older it’s only called a dog. 

Dogs can learn many tricks. Dogs can learn to sit, lay down, and shake. Most people give dogs treats when they are teaching them tricks. 

Most dogs like to be around people. If you plan to get a dog as a pet, be ready to love the dog, because the dog will love you! 

What is the main topic of Text 1? 

Possible Answers:

How cats walk

How fish swim 

The sizes of dogs

Types of pets

Correct answer:

Types of pets

Explanation:

The main topic of a text is what the text is about. We don't want to confuse this with a detail found directly in the text. Text 1 is about different types of pets. It specifically talks about cats, dogs, and gold fish. Text 1 provides details about each of these animals, but remember a detail is not the main topic.

The size of dogs, how cats walk, and how fish swim are all details found in the text. The main topic of the text is types of pets. 

 

Example Question #1 : Describe The Connection Between Two Individuals, Events, Ideas, Or Pieces Of Information: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.3

Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith

A flower starts out as a very small seed. 

The seed gets planted in the dirt. 

The seed needs lots of water to help it grow. 

 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt. 

Then, a flower will start to bloom. 

Water and sunlight are a flower's food.

So, water and sunlight will help keep a flower alive. 

What do all parts of a plant need? 

Possible Answers:

green

water

grow

planted

Correct answer:

water

Explanation:

The text tells us that the seed needs water to grow, and that to keep the flower alive, water is needed. 

"Water" is the correct answer. 

Example Question #2 : Describe The Connection Between Two Individuals, Events, Ideas, Or Pieces Of Information: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.K.3

Text 1

Pets are animals that live with people. Pets are fun to have. There are many types of pets that people have. 

A gold fish is a type of pet. Gold fish live in fish tanks filled with water. Gold fish use fins to swim in fish tanks.  

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

There are many other animals that people could have as a pet. But, fish, cats, and dogs are what most people have as pets. 

 

Text 2

Dogs are great pets to have. Dogs can be big or small, but they all have fur and walk and run on four legs. 

When dogs are first born they are called puppies. Once a puppy gets older it’s only called a dog. 

Dogs can learn many tricks. Dogs can learn to sit, lay down, and shake. Most people give dogs treats when they are teaching them tricks. 

Most dogs like to be around people. If you plan to get a dog as a pet, be ready to love the dog, because the dog will love you! 

According to Text 1, what do cats and dogs have in common? 

Possible Answers:

They walk and run on four legs

They can live inside or outside 

They like to be around people

They can learn tricks

Correct answer:

They walk and run on four legs

Explanation:

The question tells us to look at Text 1. We are looking for what cats and dogs have in common, so we should reread the section that talks about cats and dogs. 

A cat is another type of pet. Cats can live outside or inside. Cats walk and run on four legs. 

A dog is another type of pet. Dogs can be big or small in size. Like cats, dogs walk and run on four legs. 

Cats and dogs both walk and run on four legs. 

Example Question #2 : Reading: Informational Text

Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith

A flower starts out as a very small seed. 

The seed gets planted in the dirt. 

The seed needs lots of water to help it grow. 

 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt. 

Then, a flower will start to bloom. 

Water and sunlight are a flower's food.

So, water and sunlight will help keep a flower alive. 

What does "bloom" mean? 

Possible Answers:

To eat

To live

To have flower petals 

To die

Correct answer:

To have flower petals 

Explanation:

To help us answer this question, we need to think about what we know about flowers. 

They start as a seed. They have a stem and leaves. But what makes flowers pretty and colorful? Their flower petals. 

The text says, "Then, a flower will start to bloom" This is the final step to grow a flower, and the petals are the final thing to show on a flower. The best answer, is "To have flower petals". 

Example Question #1 : Reading: Informational Text

Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith

A flower starts out as a very small seed. 

The seed gets planted in the dirt. 

The seed needs lots of water to help it grow. 

 

Soon, a green stem and green leaves will poke out of the dirt. 

Then, a flower will start to bloom. 

Water and sunlight are a flower's food.

So, water and sunlight will help keep a flower alive. 

Who is the author of this text? 

Possible Answers:

Marie Smith

Water and Sunlight 

A flower

Grow Flower, Grow

Correct answer:

Marie Smith

Explanation:

The word "by" is normally written before an author's name. An author is a person who wrote something. "By" signifies the author of the book. 

"Grow Flower, Grow by Marie Smith"

Marie Smith is the correct answer. 

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All Common Core: Kindergarten English Language Arts Resources

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