AP World History : Socioeconomic Classes

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #75 : Social History

How did Japanese society react to the arrival of Christian missionaries in the sixteenth century?

Possible Answers:

The elites feared the impact of Christianity and banned missionary activity before eventually banning all contact with foreigners

The people initially resisted conversion, but, following the implementation of political reforms, eventually embraced Christianity and converted en masse

The elites were excited by the potential in Christianity for controlling the population and embraced it wholeheartedly

The common people embraced Christianity, but the elites viewed the new religion as dangerous and socially destabilizing

The elites embraced Christianity, but the common people were appalled at the erosion of their cultural traditions

Correct answer:

The elites feared the impact of Christianity and banned missionary activity before eventually banning all contact with foreigners

Explanation:

Christian missionaries began arriving in Japan for the first time in the sixteenth century and had immediate, if limited, success at converting the native population. However, the ruling government feared the mutinous impact of Christianity on the population and banned Christian missionaries from the country. The Japanese government would later ban all contact between Japanese people and foreigners, leading to centuries of Japanese isolationism.

Example Question #76 : Social History

Which of these statements best describes the difference between social interaction in North American colonies compared to social interaction in South American colonies?

Possible Answers:

Europeans in North America focused on converting the native population to Christianity, compared to Europeans in South America who were primarily interested in making a profit

Europeans and natives in North America mixed often, compared to South America where social interaction between natives and Europeans was almost nonexistent

Europeans in South America focused on converting the native population to Christianity, compared to Europeans in North America who were primarily interested in making a profit

Europeans and natives in South America mixed often, compared to North America where social interaction between natives and Europeans was almost nonexistent

Europeans in North America directly enslaved the native population, compared to South America where interaction between native and Europeans was almost nonexistent

Correct answer:

Europeans and natives in South America mixed often, compared to North America where social interaction between natives and Europeans was almost nonexistent

Explanation:

In South American colonial society European settlers tended to mix much more freely with the native population than in North American colonial society. This can be evidenced by words like Mestizo and Mulatto which were used in the Spanish colonial hierarchy to denote those individuals who had been born of mixed European and native ancestry.

Example Question #77 : Social History

What were Millets in the Ottoman Empire?

Possible Answers:

Interpreters of Islamic law who codified the legal system

Islamic fundamentalist rebel groups

Christian soldiers in the Ottoman army

Districts ruled by a governor who owed allegiance only to the Sultan

Protected communities of non-Muslim citizens

Correct answer:

Protected communities of non-Muslim citizens

Explanation:

Millets have a long established history in areas of the world ruled by Islamic governments. Millets pertain to the rights of non-Muslim populations living under Muslim-rule. In the Ottoman Empire Millets were protected communities designed to ensure the legal protection of non-Muslim citizens in the empire.

Example Question #78 : Social History

Which of these groups was at the top of the Spanish colonial hierarchy?

Possible Answers:

Peninsulares

Creoles

Tercios

Mestizos

Mulattoes

Correct answer:

Peninsulares

Explanation:

Peninsulares were at the top of the Spanish colonial hierarchy. Peninsulares were Spanish settlers who had been born in Spain and came to settle in Spanish America. The King kept the peninsulares distinct from the creoles (those who had been born in the colonies to Spanish parents) so as to better ensure his control over the administration of the empire.

Example Question #81 : Social History

Which of the following would not have been considered part of the Vaishyas caste in the Aryan caste system?

Possible Answers:

Warrior

Merchant

Landowning farmer

Moneylender

Artist

Correct answer:

Warrior

Explanation:

The Vaishyas are the third highest of the four broad groupings in the Indian caste system. Of these options, only warriors would not be included as Vaishyas. Soldiers, warriors, and secular rulers would have been in the second caste (beneath the Brahmins) known as the Kshatriya. The Vaishyas were merchants and artisans.

Example Question #82 : Social History

In which part of the world was the status of women most elevated during the medieval period?

Possible Answers:

South Asia

Europe

Mesoamerica

Sub-Saharan Africa

South America

Correct answer:

Sub-Saharan Africa

Explanation:

During the medieval period, the status of women was most elevated in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Africa (outside of the Islamic north) societies were often matriarchal and would trace their lineage matrilineally. In almost every other society on Earth at this time, women were restrained and oppressed either through social custom or by law.

Example Question #83 : Social History

In the Aryan caste system, who were the Brahmins?

Possible Answers:

rulers

slaves

priests

warriors

merchants

Correct answer:

priests

Explanation:

In the Indian caste system, which was established by the nomadic Aryan people upon their arrival in India circa 3,500 years ago, Brahmins are at the very top of the hierarchy. Hindu priests are drawn from the ranks of the Brahmins and they are considered the most holy of all the castes.

Example Question #1 : Socioeconomic Classes 1750 To 1900

In part as a result of industrialization, wealth and power in Western Europe __________.

Possible Answers:

promoted an end to imperialism 

shifted from landed aristocrats to bourgeois capitalists

was shared equally amongst all people

returned to traditional absolutist monarchs 

shifted from the middle class to the working class 

Correct answer:

shifted from landed aristocrats to bourgeois capitalists

Explanation:

The rise of industry sees the political and financial rise of industrialists, which encourages investing in new foreign territories. Any monarchs that tried to return to eighteenth-century styles of rule were quickly overthrown, and while the middle class grew wealthier, the working class did not follow suit. 

Example Question #2 : Socioeconomic Classes 1750 To 1900

In French society, the first Estate represented the __________.

Possible Answers:

Nobles

Peasants 

Clergy

Merchants

Correct answer:

Clergy

Explanation:

French Society before the Revolution was divided into three factions, those who pray, those who rule, and everyone else. This meant the First Estate was the Clergy, the Second the nobility, and the third estate was the rest of society (including peasants and merchants).

Example Question #3 : Socioeconomic Classes 1750 To 1900

In the 1800's there was a rise of groups who attempted to bring workers together to collectively bargain with employers for better pay and working conditions. What were these groups called?

Possible Answers:

Labor unions

Councils

Trade unions

Organized labor

Correct answer:

Labor unions

Explanation:

The 1800's saw the birth of labor unions. Today they are simply referred to as unions. These groups met much violent resistance to their calls for better working conditions, pay, and hours. Over time they achieved their goals of making the factories safer places to work, with shorter hours and better pay.

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